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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Ordo: Ranunculales

Familia: Lardizabalaceae
Subfamilia: Lardizabaloideae
Tribus: Lardizabaleae
Genus: Akebia
Species: A. apetala – A. longeracemosa – A. longisepala – A. quinata – A. trifoliata
Nothospecies: A. × pentaphylla
Name

Akebia Decne., Compt. Rend. Hebd. Séances Acad. Sci. 5: 394. (1837) emend. Christenhusz (2012)

Type species: Akebia quinata (Thunb. ex Houtt.) Decne., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. sér. 2, 12: 107. (1839)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Archakebia C.Y.Wu, T.C.Chen & H.N.Qin

References

Christenhusz, M.J. 2012. An overview of Lardizabalaceae. Curtis's Botanical Magazine 29(3): 235-276. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8748.2012.01790.x Paywall JSTOR Academia.edu Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Akebia in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Oct. 19 {{{3}}}. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Akebia. Published online. Accessed: Oct. 19 2021.
Tropicos.org 2021. Akebia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Oct. 19.

Vernacular names
suomi: Akebiat
日本語: アケビ属

Akebia is a genus of five species of flowering plant, within the family Lardizabalaceae. The scientific name, akebia, is a Latinization of the Japanese name for species Akebia quinata: akebi (通草).

Species

There are five species:[1][2]
Flower Name Common Name Distribution
Akebia apetala (Quan Xia, J.Z.Sun & Z.X.Peng) Christenh. China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan
Akebia chingshuiensis T. Shimizu Taiwan
Akebia longeracemosa (14168601575).jpg Akebia longeracemosa Matsumura China and Taiwan
Akebia quinata 003.JPG Akebia quinata (Houttuyn) Decaisne Chocolate vine or five-leaf akebia China, Korea and Japan
Akebia trifoliata1.jpg Akebia trifoliata (Thunberg) Koidzumi Three-leaf akebia China, Korea and Japan
Hybrids

Akebia ×pentaphylla (Makino) Makino (A. quinata × A. trifoliata)

Fruit

Akebia quinata and Akebia trifoliata both bear edible fruit, containing a sweet white flesh.[3] Flavor varies greatly in akebias, even within the same species, with some individuals displaying a complex flavor profile resembling a mixture of banana, passionfruit and lychee, with others being mild, or even insipid.[4]

Akebia in Japan

Akebia is often mentioned in Japanese literature, where it is evocative of pastoral settings.[5] Although the akebi commonly refers to the five-leafed species, the three-leafed species is used in much the same way for novelty food, medicine, and for vine material.

While only a minor food eaten while foraging in the past, akebia is considered a specialty crop today, only available when in season. The pods contain a white, semi-translucent gelatinous pulp that is mildly sweet and full of seeds.[6] The taste is described as sweet but rather "insipid".[6] Some people recollect in idyllic terms how they foraged for it in the hills as children.[7]

The purple-colored, slightly bitter rind has been used as a vegetable in Yamagata Prefecture[7][8] or in those northern areas, where the typical recipe calls for stuffing the rind with minced chicken (or pork) flavored with miso.[8] Minor quantities of akebia are shipped to the urban market as a novelty vegetable.

In addition to consuming the fruit, akebia leaves are also made into a tea infusion.[5] Outside of food and drinks, akebia vines are used for basket-weaving crafts. An old source lists Minakuchi, Shiga and Tsugaru (now Aomori Prefecture) as localities that produced baskets from the vines of trifoliate variety.[9]

References

"Akebia Decne". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2020-10-10.
"Akebia". Flora of China. Retrieved 2009-04-05.
"Akebia quinata". PFAF.
"Akebia: A Potential New Fruit Crop in China". HortScience.
Davidson, Alan, and Tom Jaine. The Oxford companion to food. Oxford University Press, USA, 2006. 805. Print. Retrieved Aug. 09, 2010, from [1]
Sargent, Charles Sprague (March 25, 1891), "Plant Notes-The Fruit of Akebia quinata (With Figure.)" (google), Garden and Forest, 4 (161): 136
Nimura, Kazuo(二村一夫)r (2006-07-22). "食の自分史" [Self-history on food]. 『食の自分史』. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
Yamagata City Health Center (2011-01-31). "あけびの詰め物" [stuffed akebia]. Archived from the original on 19 October 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2017., photograph shows trifoliate variety (twig, fresh purple plant, and prepared dish)

Agricultural Society of Japan; Dai Nihon Nōkai(author alia) (1895). Useful plants of Japan: described and illustrated (google). 1. Agricultural Society of Japan. p. 92.

Further reading
Bailey, L. H. (2005). Manual of Gardening (Second ed.). Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation.

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