Allium ampeloprasum

Allium ampeloprasum (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Liliopsida
Subclassis: Liliidae
Ordo: Asparagales
Familia: Alliaceae
Genus: Allium
Species: Allium ampeloprasum


Allium ampeloprasum, L.


USDA, NRCS. 2006. The PLANTS Database, 6 March 2006 ( Data compiled from various sources by Mark W. Skinner. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.

Vernacular names
Česky: Pór zahradní
Cymraeg: Cennin gwyllt
Ελληνικά, Κυπριακά: Αγριόπρασσο, Αγριοσκουράττα, Σκουράττα
English: broadleaf wild leek
Français: Poireau d'été
Magyar: Francia v. nyári hagyma
Português: Alho-porro-bravo


Allium ampeloprasum is a member of the onion genus Allium, in the family Alliaceae. The wild plant is commonly known as (Broadleaf) Wild Leek - not to be confused with the N. American Allium tricoccum of the same name. Its native range is S. Europe to W. Asia, and seems to have been introduced to Britain by prehistoric people, where its habitat consists of rocky places near the coast in south-west England and Wales.[1][2] It has been differentiated into three cultivated vegetables, namely leek, elephant garlic and kurrat. In tidewater Virginia, the plant is commonly known as the “Yorktown Onion.” [1]

Allium porrum L.

Vernacular names

Allium ampeloprasum comprises several vegetables, of which the most important ones are known as

* leek (English), poireau (French), alho porro (Portuguese);
* great-headed garlic, elephant garlic (English), ail à grosse tête (French);
* pearl onion (English), poireau perpétuel, petit poireau antillais (French), alho bravo, alho inglês (Portuguese)
* kurrat (English, French).[3]
* Persian: (تره) Tareh (Allium ampeloprasum ssp. persicum)
* Tamil: இராகூச்சிட்டம் (Iraakuuccittam)

1. ^ Plants for a Future: Allium ampeloprasum
2. ^ CHRISTOPHER D. PRESTON, DAVID A. PEARMAN, ALLAN R. HALL (2004) Archaeophytes in Britain Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 145 (3), 257–294 doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2004.00284.x, p. 264
3. ^ Grubben, G.J.H. & Denton, O.A. (2004) Plant Resources of Tropical Africa 2. Vegetables. PROTA Foundation, Wageningen; Backhuys, Leiden; CTA, Wageningen.

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