Amaryllideae

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Liliopsida
Subclassis: Liliidae
Ordo: Asparagales
Familia: Alliaceae
Tribus: Amaryllideae
Subtribu: Amaryllidinae - Boophoninae - Crininae - Strumariinae
Genera: Amaryllis - Ammocharis - Boophone - Brunsvigia - Crinum - Crossyne - Hessea - Namaquanula - Nerine - Strumaria
Nothogenera: ×Amarcrinum - ×Amarine - ×Amarygia - ×Brunserine - ×Crimocharis

Name

Amaryllideae Dumort., Anal. Fam. Pl.: 58. 1829.

References

* Amaryllidaceae Amaryllideae.
* Meerow, A. W. and D. A. Snijman 2001. Phylogeny of Amaryllidaceae tribe Amaryllideae based on nrDNA ITS sequences and morphology. Am. J. Bot. 88 (12): 2321-2330.

* Snijman, D. A. and H. P. Linder 1996. Phylogenetic relationships, seed characters, and dispersal system evolution in Amaryllideae (Amaryllidaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 83: 362-386.

Amaryllideae is a tribe of perennial, herbaceous and bulbous plants in the Amaryllis family (Amaryllidaceae, subfamily Amaryllidoideae). Members of this tribe are distributed in Africa, with the exception of the pantropical genus Crinum. Much of the tribe's generic diversity is confined to South Africa.[1]

Description

Amaryllideae is marked by a large number of synapomorphies: extensible fibers in the bulb tunics, bisulculate pollen with spinulose exine, scapes with a sclerenchymatous sheath, unitegmic or ategmic ovules, and nondormant, water-rich, nonphytomelanous seeds with chlorophyllous embryos.[2] A few of the genera extend outside of South Africa proper, but only Crinum, with seeds well suited to oceanic dispersal,[3] ranges through Asia, Australia, and America.[4]

Taxonomy

Family Agapanthaceae
Family Amaryllidaceae

Tribe Amaryllideae

Subtribe Amaryllidinae Pax in Engler & Prantl[7]

Amaryllis

Subtribe Boophoninae D. & U.Müll.-Doblies[8]

Boophone

Subtribe Crininae Pax in Engler & Prantl[9]

Crinum
Crinum species in Hyderabad, India.
Ammocharis
Cybistetes

Subtribe Strumariinae Traub ex D. & U.Müller-Doblies[10]

Crossyne
Strumaria
Nerine
Hessea
Namaquanula
Brunsvigia

Tribe Cyrthanteae
Tribe Hamantheae
Tribe Calostemmatae
Tribe Lycorideae
Tribe Galantheae
Tribe Pancratieae
Tribe Narcisseae
Tribe Griffineae
Tribe Hippeastreae
Tribe Eustephieae
Tribe Strenomesseae
Tribe Eucharideae
Tribe Clinantheae
Tribe Hymenocallideae

References

1 ^ Snijman D. A. H. P. Linder 1996 Phylogenetic relationships, seed characters, and dispersal system evolution in Amaryllideae (Amaryllidaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 83: 362-386
2 ^ Meerow A. W. D. A. Snijman 1998. Amaryllidaceae. In K. Kubitzki [ed.], Families and genera of vascular plants, vol. 3, 83–110. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany
3 ^ Koshimizu T. 1930 Carpobiological studies of Crinum asiaticum L. var. japonicum Bak. Memoirs of the College of Sciences, Kyoto Imperial University, Series. B., Biology 5: 183-227
4 ^ Vigneron, P. (2000-2006). "Amaryllideae". Amaryllidaceae organization. Retrieved 2009-06-02.
5 ^ Meerow, Alan W., Snijman, Deirdre A. 2001. Phylogeny of Amaryllidaceae tribe Amaryllideae based on nrDNA ITS sequences and morphology. Am. J. Bot. 88: 2321-2330
6 ^ Katja Weiehhardt-Kulessa, Thomas Bórner, Jiirgen Sehmitz, Ute Müller-Doblies, and Dietrich Müller-Doblies. 2000. Controversial taxonomy of Strumariinae (Amaryllidaceae) investigated by nuclear rDNA (ITS) sequences. 1. Hessea, Namaquanula, Kamiesbergia, and Dewinterella. Plant Syst. Evol. 223:1-13 (2000)
7 ^ Nat. Pflanzenfam. 2, 5: 105. 1887 emend Meerow & Snijman, 2001.
8 ^ Feddes Repertorium 107: S. c. 3. 1996 emend Meerow & Snijman, 2001.
9 ^ Nat. Pflanzenfam. 2, 5: 108. 1887; Müller-Doblies & Müller-Doblies, Feddes Repertorium 107: S. c. 3. 1996.
10 ^ Bot. Jahrb. 107: 18. 1985 emend Meerow & Snijman, 2001.

Further reading

Snijman, D. A. 1992. Systematic studies in the tribe Amaryllideae. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Cape Town.
Müller-Doblies, D., and U. Müller-Doblies. 1996. Tribes and subtribes and some species combinations in Amaryllidaceae J. St.-Hil. emend. R. Dahlgren and al. 1985. Feddes Repertiorum 107 (5-6): S.c. 1-9.
Meerow, Alan W. Michael F. Fay, Charles L Guy , Qin-BaoLi, Faridah Q Zaman and Mark W. Chase. 1999. Systematics of Amaryllidaceae based on cladistic analysis of plastid sequence data. Am. J. Bot., 86: 1325.
Weichhardt-Kulessa K., Börner T., Schmitz J., Müller-Doblies U. & Müller-Doblies D. 2000. Controversial taxonomy of Strumariinae (Amaryllidaceae) investigated by nuclear rDNA (ITS) sequences. Plant Systematics and Evolution, 223(1-2): 1-13.

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