Ammi visnaga

Ammi visnaga (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Apiales
Familia: Apiaceae
Subfamilia: Apioideae
Tribus: Incertae sedis
Genus: Ammi
Species: Ammi visnaga

Name

Ammi visnaga (L.) Lam.

References

* Fl. franç. 3:462. 1779 ("1778")
* USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. [1]


Vernacular names
Deutsch: Bischofskraut, Khella, Khellakraut, Zahnstocherkraut, Zahnstocherammei, Ammei
Ελληνικά, Κυπριακά: Χαλαβάνα
English: Toothpickweed, Bisnaga, Khella
Español: Bisnaga, Dauco Primero Silvestre, Escarbadientes, Marciaga, Pastinaca Bastarda, Visnaga, Visnaga Común, Visnaga Fina, Visnaga Real
Français: Ammi Visnage
Polski: Aminek Egipski
Türkçe: Diş otu, Kürdan otu, Hıltan, Kılır

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Ammi visnaga is a species of flowering plant in the carrot family known by many common names, including bisnaga, toothpickweed, and khella. It is native to Europe, Asia, and North Africa, but it can be found throughout the world as an introduced species. This is an annual or biennial herb growing from a taproot erect to a maximum height near 80 centimeters. Leaves are up to 20 centimeters long and generally oval to triangular in shape but dissected into many small linear to lance-shaped segments. The inflorescence is a compound umbel of white flowers similar to those of other Apiaceae species. The fruit is a compressed oval-shaped body less than 3 millimeters long. This and other Ammi species are sources of khellin, a diuretic extract. Khella was used in Ancient Egypt as a herbal remedy for renal colic.

Further reading

* Khan, Z. A., et al. (2001) Inhibition of oxalate nephrolithiasis with Ammi visnaga (AI-Khillah). International Urology and Nephrology 33:4 605-8.

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