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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Mimoseae
Genus: Anadenanthera
Species: A. colubrina – A. peregrina
Source(s) of checklist:

Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Anadenanthera in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Nov 20. Reference page.


Anadenanthera Speg.

Anadenanthera is a genus of South American trees in the Legume family, Fabaceae. The genus contains two to four species, including A. colubrina and A. peregrina. These trees respectively are known to the western world primarily as sources of the hallucinogenic snuffs vilca/cebil and yopo/cohoba.

The main active constituent of Anadenanthera is bufotenin.


Anadenanthera colubrina
Anadenanthera colubrina var. cebil
Anadenanthera colubrina var. colubrina
Anadenanthera peregrina
Anadenanthera peregrina var. falcata
Anadenanthera peregrina var. peregrina

Chemical compounds

Chemical compounds contained in Anadenanthera include:

5-Methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine, bark[1]
5-Methoxy-N-methyltryptamine, bark[1]
Bufotenin, seeds, bark[1]
Bufotenine N-oxide, seeds[1]
N,N-Dimethyltryptamine, seeds, pods, bark[1]
N,N-Dimethyltryptamine-N-oxide, Seeds[1]
N-Methyltryptamine, bark[1]


Anadenanthera: Visionary Plant of Ancient South America By Constantino Manuel Torres, David B. Repke

General references

Constantino Torres - Anadenanthera: Visionary Plant of South America (2006) ISBN 0-7890-2642-2
Jonathan Ott - Shamanic Snuffs or Entheogenic Errhines (2001) ISBN 1-888755-02-4
Richard Evans Schultes - Plants of the Gods (1992) ISBN 0-89281-979-0
Patricia J. Knobloch - Wari Ritual Power at Conchopata: An Interpretation of Anadenanthera Colubrina Iconography. Latin American Antiquity 11(4), 2000, pp. 387–402.
Juan P. Ogalde, Bernardo T. Arriaza, and Elia C. Soto - Uso de plantas psicoactivas en el north de Chile: evidencia química del consumo de ayahuasca durante el periodo medio (500-1000 d.C.). Latin American Antiquity 21(4), 2010, pp 441–450.

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