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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Acanthaceae
Subfamilia: Acanthoideae
Tribus: Justicieae
Genus: Anisotes
Species: A. bracteatus – A. comorensis – A. divaricatus – A. diversifolius – A. dumosus – A. formosissimus – A. galanae – A. galpinii – A. guineensis – A. hygroscopicus – A. involucratus – A. longistrobus – A. macrophyllus – A. madagascariensis – A. mayottensis – A. nyassae – A. parvifolius – A. perplexus – A. pubinervius – A. pulchellus – A. rogersii – A. sessiliflorus – A. spectabilis – A. subcoriaceus – A. tablensis – A. tanensis – A. tangensis – A. trisulcus – A. ukambensis – A. umbrosus – A. venosus – A. zenkeri
Source(s) of checklist:

Hassler, M. 2021. Anisotes. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jan. 15. Reference page.

Name

Anisotes Nees. 1847

Type species: Anisotes trisulcus (Forssk.) Nees.

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Calasias Raf.
Chlamydostachya Mildbr.
Danguya Benoist
Himantochilus T.Anderson
Symplectochilus Lindau

Note: Govaerts et al. (2021) still segregate Symplectochilus.
References

Nees von Esenbeck, C.G.D., Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis 11: 424. 1847.

Links

Hassler, M. 2021. Anisotes. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jan. 15. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Anisotes. Published online. Accessed: Jan. 15 2021.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Anisotes in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jan. 15. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2021. Anisotes. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jan. 15.
Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2019. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Anisotes.

Anisotes is a genus of Afrotropical plants in the family Acanthaceae. The genus is morphologically similar to Metarungia, from which it differs mainly in the dehiscence of the fruit capsule, and the nature of the placenta.[1] Placentas (with attached retinacula) remain attached to the inner surface of fruit capsules in Anisotes.[2]

They favour sandy ground or tropical to subtropical dry forest. The corolla consists of a two-lipped flower that is orange to red in colour. Four seeds are produced in a woody fruit capsule.[3] Two of the six Madagascar species, A. hygroscopicus and A. venosus, are unique in the genus in having hygroscopic trichomes on their seeds.[4]
Species

It includes the following species:[5][4]

Anisotes bracteatus Milne-Redh. – southern Africa
Anisotes divaricatus T.F.Daniel, Mbola, Almeda & Phillipson – southwestern Madagascar
Anisotes diversifolius Balf.f.
Anisotes dumosus Milne-Redh.
Anisotes formosissimus (Klotzsch) Milne-Redh. – Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Malawi
Anisotes galanae (Baden) Vollesen
Anisotes guineensis Lindau
Anisotes hygroscopicus T.F.Daniel, 2013 – Madagascar
Anisotes involucratus Fiori
Anisotes longistrobus (C.B.Clarke) Vollesen
Anisotes macrophyllus (Lindau) Heine
Anisotes madagascariensis Benoist – southwestern Madagascar
Anisotes nyassae Baden
Anisotes parvifolius Oliv.
Anisotes perplexus T.F.Daniel, 2013 – Madagascar
Anisotes rogersii S.Moore – southern Africa
Anisotes sessiliflorus (T.Anderson) C.B.Clarke
Anisotes spectabilis (Mildbr.) Vollesen
Anisotes subcoriaceus T.F.Daniel, 2013 – Madagascar
Anisotes tangensis Baden
Anisotes trisulcus (Forssk.) Nees
Anisotes ukambensis Lindau
Anisotes umbrosus Milne-Redh.
Anisotes venosus T.F.Daniel, 2013 – Madagascar
Anisotes zenkeri (Lindau) C.B.Clarke

References

Darbyshire, Iain; Vollesen, Kaj; Chapman, Hazel M. (23 January 2009). "A remarkable range disjunction recorded in Metarungia pubinervia (Acanthaceae)". Kew Bulletin. 63 (4): 613–615. doi:10.1007/s12225-008-9073-3. S2CID 40176831.
Daniel, Thomas F.; et al. "Anisotes (Acanthaceae) in Madagascar" (PDF). California Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 22 July 2014.
Hyde, M.; et al. "Anisotes Nees". Flora of Zimbabwe. Retrieved 22 July 2014.
Daniel, Thomas F.; Letsara, Rokiman; Martín-Bravo, Santiago (18 October 2013). "Four New Species of Anisotes (Acanthaceae) from Madagascar (Acanthaceae) from Madagascar". Novon: A Journal for Botanical Nomenclature. 22 (4): 396–408. doi:10.3417/2012054. S2CID 86270678.
"Anisotes". The Plant List (2013) Version 1.1. Retrieved 22 July 2014.

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