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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Rubiaceae
Subfamilia: Cinchonoideae
Tribus: Guettardeae
Genus: Antirhea
Species: A. bifida – A. borbonica – A. madagascariensis
Check: A. anodon – A. myrtoides – A. strigosa

Antirhea Comm. ex A.Juss., Gen. Pl. 204. (1789) emend. Chavez et al. (2021)

Type species: Antirhea borbonica J.F.Gmel., Syst. Nat., ed. 13[bis]. 2(1): 244. (1791)

Note: Reduced to species from Madagascar and the Mascarenes (Chavez et al. 2021)

Antirrhoea Comm. ex A.Juss., Gen. Pl.: 204. (1789), orth. var.
Antirhoea DC., Prodr. 4: 459. (1830), orth. var.


Commerson, P. 1789. Genera Plantarum (Jussieu) 204.
Chavez, J.G., Meve, U., Nürk, N.M. & Liede-Schumann, S. 2021. Disentangling Antirhea (Rubiaceae): resurrection of Guettardella and description of the new genus Achilleanthus. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 197(1): 85-103. DOI: 10.1093/botlinnean/boab013 Paywall Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Antirhea in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Mar. 4. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Antirhea. Published online. Accessed: Mar. 4 2019.
Tropicos.org 2019. Antirhea. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Mar. 4.

Antirhea is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae.


Species of Antirhea are found in:[1][2]

Indian Ocean islands off Africa — Madagascar, Mauritius, Réunion, and Rodrigues.
North America — the Caribbean and Mexico
Southeast Asia — southern China, Borneo, the Philippines, New Guinea, and Melanesia


Antirhea affinis (Zoll.) Chaw
Antirhea anodon (Miq.) Chaw
Antirhea aromatica — endemic to Veracruz, Mexico.
Antirhea atropurpurea (Craib) Chaw
Antirhea attenuata (Elmer) Chaw
Antirhea benguetensis (Elmer) Valeton
Antirhea bifida (Lam.) I.M.Johnst.
Antirhea bombysia Chaw
Antirhea borbonica J.F.Gmel.
Antirhea buruana Chaw
Antirhea caudata (M.E.Jansen) Chaw
Antirhea chinensis (Champ. ex Benth.) Benth. & Hook.f.
Antirhea edanoi Chaw
Antirhea foveolata Chaw
Antirhea hexasperma (Roxb.) Merr.
Antirhea inaequalis Chaw
Antirhea inconspicua (Seem.) Christoph.
Antirhea ioensis (Baill.) Chaw
Antirhea jamaicensis — endemic to Jamaica.
Antirhea livida Elmer
Antirhea madagascariensis Chaw
Antirhea megacarpa Merr. & L.M.Perry
Antirhea microphylla (Bartl. ex DC.) Merr.
Antirhea multiflora (M.E.Jansen) Chaw
Antirhea myrtoides (F.M.Muell.) F.M.Bailey
Antirhea novobritanniensis (M.E.Jansen) Chaw
Antirhea ovatifolia (M.E.Jansen) Chaw
Antirhea paxillata Chaw
Antirhea philippinensis (Benth.) Rolfe
Antirhea portoricensis — endemic to Puerto Rico.
Antirhea putaminosa (F.Muell.) F.Muell.
Antirhea radiata — native to Cuba and Hispaniola in the Dominican Republic and Haiti.
Antirhea ramosii Chaw
Antirhea rhamnoides (Baill.) Chaw
Antirhea schmutzii (M.E.Jansen) Chaw
Antirhea sintenisii — endemic to Puerto Rico.
Antirhea smithii (Fosberg) Merr. & L.M.Perry
Antirhea sphaerocarpa Chaw
Antirhea strigosa Korth.
Antirhea talaudensis Chaw
Antirhea tayabensis Chaw
Antirhea tenuiflora F.Muell. ex Benth.
Antirhea ternata Chaw
Antirhea tomentosa — endemic to Jamaica.


"Antirhea in the World Checklist of Rubiaceae". Retrieved 25 January 2013.
Chaw, S.-M.; Darwin, S. P. (1992). "A Systematic Study of the Paleotropical Genus Antirhea (Rubiaceae: Guettardeae)". Tulane Studies in Zoology and Botany. (digitized online version, through biodiversitylibrary.org). 28: 25–118. Retrieved 17 September 2013.

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