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Apocynum

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Gentianales
Familia: Apocynaceae
Subfamilia: Apocynoideae
Tribus: Apocyneae
Genus: Apocynum
Species: A. androsaemifolium - A. cannabinum - A. pictum - A. sarmatiense - A. venetum - A. × floribundum

Name

Apocynum L.

Apocynum is a genus with about seven species, commonly known as Dogbane and Indian Hemp. From the Greek: apo, away; cyno, dog,[1] attributed to its toxicity (see Uses section). The genus occurs throughout most of the temperate Northern Hemisphere, except for being absent from western Europe.

Apocynum species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Mouse Moth.

Selected species

* Apocynum androsaemifolium (Spreading Dogbane)
* Apocynum cannabinum (Dogbane or Indian Hemp; North America)
* Apocynum hendersonii (Northern Asia)
* Apocynum medium (Intermediate dogbane)
* Apocynum pictum (Chinese Dogbane; Eastern Asia)
* Apocynum sibiricum (Siberian Dogbane; Northern Asia)
* Apocynum venetum (European Dogbane; Eastern Europe, Asia)

Uses

Apocynum cannabinum was used as a source of fiber by Native Americans. And Apocynum venetum (Chinese: 羅布麻) is used as the herbal tea in China. Dogbane contains cymarin, a cardiogenic toxin that causes cardiac arrhythmia in humans. Cymarin is used in modern medicine in copiously formulated pharmaceutical preparations used to treat a variety of tumors.

References

* Treatment from the Jepson Manual
* "Apocynum". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=30155.
* UVSC Herbarium - Apocynum
* Edible and Medicinal plants of the West, Gregory L. Tilford, ISBN 0-87842-359-1

1. ^ http://www.co.jefferson.co.us/coopext/plantdetail.do?sna=Apocynum+androsaemifolium&image=0 Colorado Plant Database

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License