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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Apiales

Familia: Apiaceae
Subfamilia: Azorelloideae
Genus: Azorella
Subgenera: A. subg. Andinae – A. subg. Azorella
Species: A. acaulis – A. albovaginata – A. allanii – A. ameghinoi – A. andina – A. aretioides – A. atacamensis – A. biloba – A. boelckei – A. burkartii – A. cockaynei – A. colensoi – A. compacta – A. concolor – A. corymbosa – A. crassipes – A. crenata – A. cryptantha – A. cuatrecasasii – A. diapensioides – A. diversifolia – A. echegarayi – A. echinus – A. exigua – A. filamentosa – A. fragosea – A. fuegiana – A. haastii – A. hallei – A. hookeri – A. hydrocotyloides – A. julianii – A. lyallii – A. lycopodioides – A. madreporica – A. microphylla – A. monantha – A. monteroi – A. multifida – A. nitens – A. nivalis – A. pallida – A. patagonica – A. pedunculata – A. polaris – A. prolifera – A. pulvinata – A. ranunculus – A. robusta – A. roughii – A. ruizii – A. schizeilema – A. selago – A. spinosa – A. triacantha – A. trifoliolata – A. trifurcata – A. trisecta – A. ulicina – A. valentini

Name

Azorella Lam. Encycl. 1(1): 344. (1783)

Type species: Azorella filamentosa Lam. Encycl. 1: 344. (1783)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Apleura Phil.
Azorellopsis H.Wolff
Chamitis Banks ex Gaertn.
Fragosa Ruiz & Pav.
Kirkophytum (Harms) Allan
Pectophytum Kunth
Huanaca Cav., Icones Plantarum 6. (1800)
Mulinum Pers., Syn. Pl. [Persoon] 1: 309. (1805)
Laretia Gillies & Hook., Bot. Misc. 1: 329, t. 65. (1830)
Stilbocarpa (Hook.f.) Decne. & Planch., Rev. Hort. [Paris]. ser. 4, 3: 105. (1854)
Schizeilema (Hook.f.) Domin, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 40(5): 573. (1908)

Note: Circumscription sensu Plunkett & Nicolas (2017), but also see Fernández et al. (2017) and Fernández & Calviño (2019).
References

Lamarck, J.-B. 1783. Encyclopédie Méthodique, Botanique 1(1): 344.
Azorella in: Australian Plant Census (APC) 2018. IBIS database, Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria. Accessed: 2018 July 25.
Andersson, L., Kocsis, M., & Eriksson, R. 2006. Relationships of the genus Azorella (Apiaceae) and other hydrocotyloids inferred from sequence variation in three plastid markers. Taxon 55: 270-280. PDF from ResearchGate Reference page.
Fernández, M., Ezcurra, C. & Calviño, C.I. 2017. Chloroplast and ITS phylogenies to understand the evolutionary history of southern South American Azorella, Laretia and Mulinum (Azorelloideae, Apiaceae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 108: 1-21. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2017.01.016 Reference page.
Fernández, M. & Calviño, C.I. 2019. Nueva clasificación infragenérica de Azorella (Apiaceae, Azorelloideae) y sinopsis del subgénero Andinae. Darwiniana nueva serie 7: 289–304. DOI: 10.14522/darwiniana.2019.72.849 Open access PDF in Spanish Reference page.
Fernandez, M., Martínez, S.G. & Calviño, C.I. 2020. Typifications of 31 names in Azorella (Azorelloideae, Apiaceae) from South America. Phytotaxa 433(2): 135-144. DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.433.2.4 Paywall ResearchGate Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Azorella in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Sept. 20. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2018. Azorella. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 July 26. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Azorella. Published online. Accessed: Sept. 12 2018.
Plunkett, G.M. & Nicolas, A.N. 2017. Assessing Azorella (Apiaceae) and its allies: Phylogenetics and a new classification. Brittonia 69(1): 31-61. DOI: 10.1007/s12228-016-9446-0 Open access Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2014. Azorella. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Mar. 30.

Vernacular names
suomi: Atsorellat

Azorella is a genus of flowering plants in the family Apiaceae, native to South America, New Zealand, southeastern Australia, and the islands of the Southern Ocean.[1]

They are low-growing dwarf mat-forming plants growing in high exposure on mountains and subantarctic coasts; with great age they may form rounded mounds of foliage up to 1 m high but are usually less than 10 cm high. Several species are grown as ornamental plants in rock gardens.

Species include:[1]

Azorella albovaginata (Gillies & Hook.) G.M.Plunkett & A.N.Nicolas
Azorella ameghinoi Speg.
Azorella aretioides (Kunth) Willd. ex DC.
Azorella atacamensis G.M.Plunkett & A.N.Nicolas
Azorella biloba (Schltdl.) Wedd.
Azorella boelckei (Mathias & Constance) G.M.Plunkett & A.N.Nicolas
Azorella burkartii (Mathias & Constance) G.M.Plunkett & A.N.Nicolas
Azorella cockaynei Diels
Azorella colensoi (Domin) G.M.Plunkett & A.N.Nicolas
Azorella compacta Phil.
Azorella concolor Rendle
Azorella corymbosa (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.
Azorella crassipes Phil.
Azorella crenata (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.
Azorella cryptantha (Clos) Reiche
Azorella cuatrecasasii Mathias & Constance
Azorella diapensioides A.Gray
Azorella diversifolia Clos
Azorella echegarayi (Hieron.) G.M.Plunkett & A.N.Nicolas
Azorella echinus (DC.) G.M.Plunkett & A.N.Nicolas
Azorella exigua (Hook.f.) Drude
Azorella filamentosa Lam.
Azorella fragosea (F.Muell.) Druce
Azorella fuegiana Speg.
Azorella glacialis Phil.
Azorella haastii (Hook.f.) Drude
Azorella hallei (Skottsb.) G.M.Plunkett & A.N.Nicolas
Azorella hookeri Drude
Azorella julianii Mathias & Constance
Azorella lyallii (J.B.Armstr.) G.M.Plunkett & A.N.Nicolas
Azorella lycopodioides Gaudich.
Azorella macquariensis Orchard
Azorella madreporica Clos
Azorella microphylla (Cav.) G.M.Plunkett & A.N.Nicolas
Azorella monantha Clos
Azorella monteroi S.Martínez & Constance
Azorella multifida (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.
Azorella nitens Petrie
Azorella nivalis Phil.
Azorella pallida (Kirk) Kirk
Azorella patagonica Speg.
Azorella pedunculata (Spreng.) Mathias & Constance
Azorella polaris (Hombr. & Jacquinot) G.M.Plunkett & A.N.Nicolas
Azorella prolifera (Cav.) G.M.Plunkett & A.N.Nicolas
Azorella pulvinata Wedd.
Azorella ranunculus d'Urv.
Azorella robusta (Kirk) G.M.Plunkett & A.N.Nicolas
Azorella ruizii G.M.Plunkett & A.N.Nicolas
Azorella schizeilema G.M.Plunkett & A.N.Nicolas
Azorella selago Hook.f.
Azorella spinosa (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.
Azorella trifoliolata Clos
Azorella trifurcata (Gaertn.) Pers.
Azorella ulicina (Gillies & Hook.) G.M.Plunkett & A.N.Nicolas

References

"Azorella Lam". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanical Gardens Kew. Retrieved 12 December 2018.

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