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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Sophoreae
Genus: Baphia
Subgenera: B. subg. Baphia – B. subg. Macrobaphion
Species: B. abyssinica – B. angolensis – B. aurivellera – B. bequaertii – B. bergeri – B. brachybotrys – B. breteleriana – B. buettneri – B. burttii – B. capparidifolia – B. chrysophylla – B. claessensii – B. cordifolia – B. cuspidata – B. cymosa – B. dewevrei – B. dewildeana – B. dubia – B. eriocalyx – B. gossweileri – B. heudelotiana – B. incerta – B. kirkii – B. latiloi – B. laurentii – B. laurifolia – B. leptobotrys – B. leptostemma – B. letestui – B. longipedicellata – B. macrocalyx – B. madagascariensis – B. mambillensis – B. marceliana – B. massaiensis – B. maxima – B. megaphylla – B. nitida – B. obanensis – B. pauloi – B. pilosa – B. preussii – B. pubescens – B. puguensis – B. punctulata – B. rosa – B. semseiana – B. spathacea – B. speciosa – B. vili – B. wollastonii

Baphia Afzel. ex Lodd., Bot. Cab. 4: 367. (1820)
Type species: Baphia nitida Lodd., Bot. Cab. 4: 367. (1820)


Delaria Desv. Ann. Sci. Nat. (Paris) 9: 406. (1826)
Bracteolaria Hochst., Flora, 24: (1841) II. 658

Primary references

Afzelius, A. 1820. Botanical Cabinet; consisting of coloured delineations . . 4: 367. BHL

Additional references

Cardoso, D., Pennington, R.T., de Queiroz, L.P., Boatwright, J.S., Van Wyk, B.E.,Wojciechowski, M.F. & Lavin, M. 2013. Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes. South African Journal of Botany, 89: 58–75. DOI: 10.1016/j.sajb.2013.05.001 Full text PDF from ResearchGate Reference page.
Cheek, M., Kami, E. & Kami, T. 2014. Baphia vili (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae), a new species from coastal thicket in the Republic of the Congo and Gabon. Willdenowia-Annals of the Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem 44(1): 39–44. Full text PDF
Goncharov M.Y., Povydysh M.N. & Yakovlev G.P. 2011. Taxonomic revision of the genus Baphia (Baphieae, Fabaceae). Botanicheskii Zhurnal. 96: 919–953. In Russian.
Mackinder, B.A. & Clark, R. 2012. Baphia rosa (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae), a new species from the Kabompo District of Zambia and a review of the classification of B. chrysophylla, B. claessensii and B. gilletii from the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Kew Bulletin 67(3): 413–420. Full text PDF from ResearchGate
Soladoye, M.O. 1985. A revision of Baphia (Leguminosae - Papilionoideae). Kew Bulletin 40: 291–386.*


Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Baphia in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 31. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Baphia. Published online. Accessed: May 31 2021. 2021. Baphia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 31.
Hassler, M. 2021. Baphia. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 31. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. World Plants. Synonymic Checklist and Distribution of the World Flora. . Baphia. Accessed: 31 May 2021.

Vernacular names

Baphia is a small genus of legumes that bear simple leaves.[2] Baphia is from the Greek word βάπτω (báptō-, "to dip" or "to dye"), referring to a red dye that is extracted from the heartwood of tropical species.[2][3] The genus is restricted to the African tropics. Baphia was traditionally assigned to the tribe Sophoreae;[4] however, recent molecular phylogenetic analyses reassigned Baphia to the tribe Baphieae.[5][6][7][8]


Baphia comprises the following species:[1][9][10][11]

Section Alata M.O.Soladoye

  • Baphia cordifolia Harms

Section Baphia Lodd.

Series Baphia Lodd.

  • Baphia abyssinica Brummitt
  • Baphia dewevrei De Wild.
  • Baphia dewildeana M.O.Soladoye
  • Baphia latiloi M.O.Soladoye
  • Baphia laurifolia Baillon
  • Baphia longipedicellata De Wild.
    • subsp. keniensis (Brummitt) M.O.Soladoye
    • subsp. longipedicellata De Wild.
  • Baphia mambillensis M.O.Soladoye
  • Baphia marceliana De Wild.
    • subsp. marceliana De Wild.
    • subsp. marquesii (M.Exell) M.O.Soladoye
  • Baphia nitida Lodd. (Camwood)
  • Baphia pauloi Brummitt
  • Baphia pubescens Hook.f.
  • Baphia puguensis Brummitt
  • Baphia punctulata Harms
    • subsp. descampsii (De Wild.) M.O.Soladoye
    • subsp. palmensis M.O.Soladoye
    • subsp. punctulata Harms

Series Contiguinae M.O.Soladoye

  • Baphia angolensis Baker
  • Baphia brachybotrys Harms
  • Baphia breteleriana M.O.Soladoye
  • Baphia buettneri Harms
    • subsp. buettneri Harms
    • subsp. hylophila (Harms) M.O.Soladoye
  • Baphia gossweileri Baker f.
  • Baphia incerta De Wild.
    • subsp. incerta De Wild.
    • subsp. lebrunii (L.Touss.) M.O.Soladoye
  • Baphia leptostemma Baillon
    • subsp. gracilipes (Harms) M.O.Soladoye
      • var. gracilipes (Harms) M.O.Soladoye
      • var. conraui (Harms) M.O.Soladoye
    • subsp. leptostemma Baillon
  • Baphia preussii Harms
  • Baphia obanensis Baker f.
  • Baphia wollastonii Baker f.

Series Spathaceae M.O.Soladoye

  • Baphia eriocalyx Harms
  • Baphia spathacea Hook.f.
    • subsp. polyantha (Harms) M.O.Soladoye
    • subsp. spathacea Hook.f.

Section Bracteolaria (Hochst.) Benth.

  • Baphia aurivellera Taubert
  • Baphia capparidifolia Baker
    • subsp. bangweolensis (R.E.Fries) Brummitt
    • subsp. capparidifolia Baker
    • subsp. multiflora (Harms) Brummitt
    • subsp. polygalacea Brummitt
  • Baphia dubia De Wild.
  • Baphia heudelotiana Baillon
  • Baphia kirkii Baker
    • subsp. kirkii Baker
    • subsp. ovata (Sim) M.O.Soladoye
  • Baphia laurentii De Wild.
  • Baphia racemosa (Hochst.) Baker

Section Longibracteolatae (Lester-Garland) M.O.Soladoye

Series Chrysophyllae M.O.Soladoye

  • Baphia burttii Baker f.
  • Baphia chrysophylla Taubert
    • subsp. chrysophylla Taubert
    • subsp. claessensii (De Wild.) Brummitt
  • Baphia cuspidata Taubert
  • Baphia massaiensis Taubert
    • subsp. busseana (Harms) M.O.Soladoye
    • subsp. floribunda Brummitt
    • subsp. gomesii (Baker f.) Brummitt
    • subsp. massaiensis Taubert
    • subsp. obovata (Schinz) Brummitt
      • var. cornifolia (Harms) M.O.Soladoye
      • var. obovata (Schinz) M.O.Soladoye
      • var. whitei (Brummitt) M.O.Soladoye
  • Baphia speciosa J.B.Gillett & Brummitt

Series Macranthae M.O.Soladoye

  • Baphia bequaertii De Wild.
  • Baphia letestui Pellegrin
  • Baphia maxima Baker

Series Striatae (Lester Garland) M.O.Soladoye

  • Baphia leptobotrys Harms
    • subsp. leptobotrys Harms
    • subsp. silvatica (Harms) M.O.Soladoye
  • Baphia pilosa Baillon
    • subsp. batangensis (Harms) M.O.Soladoye
    • subsp. pilosa Baillon

Section Macrobaphia Harms emend. M.O.Soladoye

  • Baphia bergeri De Wild.
  • Baphia macrocalyx Harms
  • Baphia semseiana Brummitt

Incertae Sedis

  • Baphia cymosa Breteler
  • Baphia madagascariensis (A.Heller) A.Heller Baphia cymosa Breteler
    Baphia madagascariensis (A.Heller) A.Heller

Species names with uncertain taxonomic status

The status of the following species is unresolved:[11]

Baphia glauca A. Chev.
Baphia longepetiolata Taub.
Baphia madagascariensis C.H. Stirt. & Du Puy
Baphia megaphylla Breteler
Baphia radcliffei Baker f.


Soladoye MO (1985). "A revision of Baphia (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae)". Kew Bulletin. 40 (2): 291–386. doi:10.2307/4108263. JSTOR 4108263.
Pooley E. (1997). Trees of Natal, Zululand and Transkei. Durban: Natal Flora Publications Trust. p. 160. ISBN 978-0-620-17697-2.
"Baphia". Legumes of the World. Kew Royal Botanic Gardens. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
Polhill RM (1981). "Sophoreae". In Polhill RM, Raven PH (eds.). Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 1. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. pp. 213–230. ISBN 9780855212247. Archived from the original on 2013-12-03. Retrieved 2016-11-03.
Cardoso D, Pennington RT, de Queiroz LP, Boatwright JS, Van Wyk B-E, Wojciechowski MF, Lavin M (2013). "Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes". S Afr J Bot. 89: 58–75. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.05.001.
Pennington RT, Lavin M, Ireland H, Klitgaard B, Preston J, Hu J-M (2001). "Phylogenetic relationships of basal papilionoid legumes based upon sequences of the chloroplast trnL intron". Syst Bot. 55 (5): 818–836. doi:10.1043/0363-6445-26.3.537 (inactive 31 May 2021).
Wojciechowski MF, Lavin M, Sanderson MJ (2004). "A phylogeny of legumes (Leguminosae) based on analysis of the plastid matK gene resolves many well-supported subclades within the family". Am J Bot. 91 (11): 1846–862. doi:10.3732/ajb.91.11.1846. PMID 21652332.
Cardoso D, de Queiroz LP, Pennington RT, de Lima HC, Fonty É, Wojciechowski MF, Lavin M (2012). "Revisiting the phylogeny of papilionoid legumes: New insights from comprehensively sampled early-branching lineages". Am J Bot. 99 (12): 1991–2013. doi:10.3732/ajb.1200380. PMID 23221500.
"ILDIS LegumeWeb entry for Baphia". International Legume Database & Information Service. Cardiff School of Computer Science & Informatics. Retrieved 3 November 2016.
USDA; ARS; National Genetic Resources Program. "GRIN species records of Baphia". Germplasm Resources Information Network—(GRIN) [Online Database]. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Retrieved 3 November 2016.
"The Plant List entry for Baphia". The Plant List. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and the Missouri Botanical Garden. 2013. Retrieved 3 November 2016.

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