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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Phaseoleae
Subtribus: Clitoriinae
Genus: Barbieria
Species: Barbieria pinnata
Name

Barbieria DC., 1825
Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: S. Mexico to Tropical America
Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Haiti, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Panama, Peru, Puerto Rico, Venezuela

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

De Candolle, A.P. 1825. Prodromus systematis naturalis regni vegetabilis, sive enumeratio contracta ordinum, generum, specierumque plantarum huc usque cognitarum, juxta methodi naturalis normas digesta. Pars 2: Sistens Calyciflorarum ordines X. 644 pp. Treuttel et Würtz, Parisiis [Paris]. BHL Reference page. : 2: 239

Additional references

Govaerts, R.H.A. 1996. World Checklist of Seed Plants, volume 2. MIM, Deurne. 492pp. In two parts. ISBN 90-572-0006-6. Reference page.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Barbieria in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 11. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Barbieria. Published online. Accessed: May 11 2021.
Tropicos.org 2021. Barbieria. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 11.
Hassler, M. 2021. Barbieria. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 11. Reference page.

Barbieria is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae.

It belongs to the Phaseoleae tribe of the Faboideae subfamily.
Taxonomy

This section may need to be rewritten to comply with Wikipedia's quality standards. You can help. The talk page may contain suggestions. (December 2017)

De Candolle's (1825) Barbieria DC is a monotypic legume genus of questionable affinities, historically having been synonymized with the genus Clitoria, and placed in several tribes, including its own. White (1980) treated Barbieria as a distinct genus in the Panamanian flora. Lackey (1981) concluded it was a member of the genus Clitoria. In addition, he was the first to correctly assign the genus to tribe Phaseoleae subtribe Clitoriinae Benth., with members bearing resupinate (inverted) flowers, a unique trait amongst legumes. Mabberley (1987) and Smith and Lewis (1991) reconfirmed Barbieria as a synonym of Clitoria. Species of Clitoria fall into three distinct groups based upon morphology, but one could conclude that they represent three distinct genera. Bentham (1858) concluded that Clitoria would be rendered more natural by retaining these groups together, treating them as section. Baker (1879) elevated two sections to subgenus Clitoria and subgenus Neurocapum (Desv.) Bak. Fantz (1979) agreed with Bentham and elevated the third section to subgenus Bracteria. Fantz (1996) resegregated Barbieria from Clitoria. He provided a taxonomic key to the genera (Bracteria, Centrosema, Clitoria, Clitoriopsis, Periandra) in subtribe Clitoriinae. He provided over thirty morphological character traits segregating Bracteria and Clitoria in Table 2.

Bracteria pinnata (Pers.) Baill. (Synonyms: Bracteria mayensis Poepp. & Endl. Bracteria polyphylla (Poir.) DC, Clitoria pinnata (Pers.) R.H. Smith & G.P. Lewis, Clitoria polyphyllaPoir., Galactia pinnata Pers.

Erect shrub 1–2.5 m tall, apically a scandent liana. Leaves imparipinnate, leaflets commonly 13–21, oblong to elliptic, 2.5–6 cm long x 1–2.5 cm wide, dark green with micro-uncinate pubescent above, pale with rufo appressed-pilose pubescence below. Inflorescences pseudoracemose, 4–24 cm long; peduncle rufo-pilose. Pedicels 305 mm in flower, 5–7 mm long in fruit. Bracts deltoid-lanceolate, subulate-acuminate, 3–8 mm. Bracteoles lanceolate, subulate-acuminate, dark greenish-yellow becoming reddish-orange, 7-11mm long x 2–3 mm wide. Flowers resupinate papilionaceous, red, 4.5–6 cm long. Calyx dark-vivid red, narrow infundibular, tube 16–22 mm long, 3–5 mm basally expanding to 6–8 mm wide at throat, lobes deltoid-ovate, subulate-acuminate, 8–12 mm long; persistent in fruit. Standard petal brilliant red, paler toward spotted center, blade oblong-lanceolate, 25–33 mm long x 14–17 mm wide, claw 21–24 mm long. Wing petals shorter than keel, red, flaring apically, blade elliptic-oblong 25–33 mm long x 14–17 mm wide, claw 21–24 mm long. Keel petals red, blade elliptic-oblong, weakly falcate, 17–23 mm long x 2.5–5 mm wide. Staminal sheath white, 36–44 mm long, free filaments 6–8 mm; anthers white. Ovary sessile, linear, 8–11 mm long, densely pubescent, trichomes white, ascending-asppressed, to 2 mm long; style 30–43 mm long, flattened, bearded lengthwise, exerted beyond stamens, geniculate 5–6 mm from distal end. Legume subsessile, linear, ecostate, valves puberulent-hirsute, strongly transversed-impressed between the seeds, spirally-twisting dehiscent. Seeds smooth, transverse oblong.], brownish-black, viscid,4-9 per pod.

Barbieria is easily distinguishable from other members of subtribe Clitoriinae by red flowers, wing petals shorter than the keel, subulate0-acuminte[check spelling] bracts, bracteoles, stipules and calyx lobes, the dorsal calyx lobes free to near the base, and 15-21 leaflets.

Barbieria is found in moist soils in secondary growth, roadsides, riverine forests, forest edges or open areas with abundant sun, at elevations of 390-1000m. Distribution is found from Southern Mexico south to Peru, west to Venezuela and Brazil, and in the Caribbean. Plant collectors often cited that the plat was observed rarely in the area sampled. It flowered in March with fruits borne from April through December
References

Baker, J.G. 1879. Leguminosae, no. 76:Clitoria. In: J.D. Hooker, ed. Flora of British India. L.Reeve & Co., London.
Bentham, G. 1858. Synopsis of the genus Clitoria. J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 2:33-44.
De Candolle, A.P. 1825. Prodromus 2:234.
De Candolle, A.P. 1826. Memoires sur la famille des Legumineuses. A. Belin. Paris. 5:241-244, tab. 39.
Fantz, P.R. 1979. Taxonomic notes and new sections of Clitoria. Subgenus Bracteria (Leguminosae). Sida 8:90-94.
Fantz, Paul R. 1996. Resegregation of Barbieria from Clitoria (Leguminosae: Phaseoleae: Clitoriinae). Sida 17(1):55-68.
Lackey, J.A. 1981. Tribe 10. Phaseoleae DC. (1825). In: R.M. Polhill and P.H. Raven, eds. Advances in legume systematics. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, England. Part I:301-327.
Mabberly, D.J. 1987. The plant book, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Smith, R.H. and G.P. Lewis. 1991. A new combination in Clitoria (Leguminosae -Papilionoideae). Kew Bull. 46:320.
White, P.S. 1980. Barbieria. In: J.D. Dwyer and collaborators. Flora of Panama, part. V. Family
83. Leguminosae subfamily Papilionoideae (conclusion). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 67:553-555.

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