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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Orobanchaceae
Tribus: Rhinantheae
Genus: Bartsia
Species: B. adenophylla – B. alba – B. alpina – B. aprica – B. australis – B. bartsioides – B. camporum – B. canescens – B. chilensis – B. crenata – B. crenoloba – B. crisafullii – B. decurva – B. diffusa – B. elachophylla – B. elongata – B. fiebrigii – B. filiformis – B. flava – B. glandulifera – B. inaequalis – B. integrifolia – B. jujuyensis – B. laniflora – B. laticrenata – B. longiflora – B. lydiae – B. melampyroides – B. mutica – B. orthocarpiflora – B. patens – B. pauciflora – B. pedicularoides – B. peruviana – B. pumila – B. pyricarpa – B. ramosa – B. remota – B. rigida – B. santolinifolia – B. sericea – B. serrata – B. stricta – B. strigosa – B. tenuis – B. thiantha – B. tomentosa – B. trichophylla – B. tricolor – B. trixago – B. weberbaueri
Name

Bartsia L., Sp. Pl. 2: 602. (1753) nom. cons.
Type species: Bartsia alpina L. 2: 602. (1753)

References

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum 2: 602.
Uribe-Convers, S. & Tank. D. 2010. Phylogenetic analysis of the genus Bartsia L. (Orobanchaceae): a mostly South American genus wrapped in a European Clade. Presentation abstract [1]. Botany 2010. Providence, Rhode Island.
The Plant List 2013. Bartsia in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Feb. 12.
Tropicos.org 2014. Bartsia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Feb. 12.
The Plant List 2013. Bartsia in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Sep. 10.

Vernacular names
العربية: بارطشية
Deutsch: Bartschie
suomi: Punakot
français: Bartsie
hornjoserbsce: Barčija
norsk nynorsk: Svarttoppslekta
polski: Bartsja
українська: Бартсія

Bartsia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Orobanchaceae.

Bartsia grows in damp places, such as marshes and wet meadows, in several parts of the west of England and Wales and in southwest Scotland.[1]

Etymology

Bartsia was named after Johann Bartsch (Latinized as Johannes Bartsius, 1709-1738), a botanist of Königsberg. The plant was named for him by his associate Carl Linnaeus, and the genus has been sometimes spelt as Bartschia.[2]

Starbia, an anagram of Bartsia, is another genus of Orobanchaceae, synonym of Alectra.[3]
Phylogeny
The phylogeny of the genera of Rhinantheae has been explored using molecular characters.[4][5] Bartsia belongs to the core Rhinantheae. Bartsia sensu stricto (e.g. B. alpina) is the sister genus to Odontites, Bellardia, Tozzia, Hedbergia, and Euphrasia.

Genus-level cladogram of tribe Rhinantheae.
  Rhinantheae  
         

  Melampyrum  

         

  Rhynchocorys  

         

  Lathraea

  Rhinanthus

  Core Rhinantheae  
         

  Bartsia sensu stricto (Bartsia alpina)

         

  Euphrasia

         

  Tozzia

  Hedbergia
  (including Bartsia decurva + B. longiflora)

         

  Bellardia

         

  Neobartsia
(New World Bartsia)

  Parentucellia

  Odontites sensu lato
  (including Bornmuellerantha
  and Bartsiella)


The cladogram has been reconstructed from nuclear and plastid DNA molecular characters (ITS, rps16 intron and trnK region).[4][5]
Classification

In 1990, the genus was revised to contain 49 species; 45 of them are endemic to the Andes.[6] The most familiar species might be the well-studied Bartsia alpina, which has a circumboreal distribution, occurring throughout northern regions of the Northern Hemisphere.[7] There are also two afromontane species, restricted to the mountains of northeastern Africa: Bartsia decurva and Bartsia longiflora. These two plants, B. alpina, and the many Andean species are three distinct lineages, making the genus polyphyletic.[8][5][9]

As a solution to the problem of Bartsia polyphyly, two taxonomic adjustments have been proposed.

All South American species are reclassified into the new genus Neobartsia.[9] This new name keeps traceability with Bartsia while incorporating information about its New World distribution (in ancient Greek, νέος, i.e. néos, means 'new').
The two African species Bartsia decurva and Bartsia longiflora are reclassified into the existing genus Hedbergia.[5]

Accepted species names include the following taxa classified according to geographic distribution groups.[10][9]
Europe

Bartsia alpina L. – velvetbells

Mediterranean Basin

Bartsia trixago L.

Northeastern Africa

Hedbergia decurva, synonym of Bartsia decurva Hochst. ex Benth.
Hedbergia longiflora, synonym of Bartsia longiflora Hochst. ex Benth.

Andean South America

Bartsia acuminata Pursh
Bartsia altissima Rusby
Bartsia anomala Edwin
Bartsia asperrima (Link) Samp.
Bartsia aurea Edwin
Neobartsia adenophylla (Molau) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia alba (Molau) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia aprica (Diels) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia australis (Molau) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia bartsioides (Hook.) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia camporum (Diels) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia canescens (Wedd.) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia chilensis (Benth.) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia crenata (Molau) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia crenoloba (Wedd.) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia crisafullii (N.H.Holmgren) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia diffusa (Benth.) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia elachophylla (Diels) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia elongata (Wedd.) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia fiebrigii (Diels) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia filiformis (Wedd.) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia flava (Molau) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia glandulifera (Molau) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia inaequalis (Benth.) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia integrifolia (Wedd.) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia jujuyensis (Cabrera & Botta) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia laniflora (Benth.) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia laticrenata (Benth.) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia lydiae (Sylvester) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia melampyroides (Kunth) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia mutica (Kunth) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia orthocarpiflora (Benth.) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia patens (Benth.) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia pauciflora (Molau) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia pedicularoides (Benth.) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia peruviana (Walp.) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia pumila (Benth.) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia pyricarpa (Molau) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia ramosa (Molau) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia remota (Molau) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia rigida (Molau) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia santolinifolia (Kunth) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia sericea (Molau) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia serrata (Molau) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia stricta (Kunth) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia strigosa (Molau) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia tenuis (Molau) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia thiantha (Diels) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia tomentosa (Molau) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia trichophylla (Wedd.) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia tricolor (Molau) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.
Neobartsia weberbaueri (Diels) Uribe-Convers & Tank, comb. nov.

References

Pratt, Anne (1899). The Flowering Plants, Grasses, Sedges,& Ferns of Great Britain and Their Allies, the Club Mosses, Horsetails, Etc. London: F. Warne. p. 26.
Gentil, Ambroise (1923). Dictionnaire étymologique de la flore française (PDF). Paris: Paul Lechevalier. p. 31.
Burkhardt, Lotte (2018-06-06). Verzeichnis eponymischer Pflanzennamen - Erweiterte Edition. Index of Eponymic Plant Names - Extended Edition. Index de Noms éponymiques des Plantes - Édition augmentée (in German). Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin, Freie Universität Berlin. p. B21. doi:10.3372/epolist2018. ISBN 978-3-946292-26-5.
Těšitel, Jakub; Říha, Pavel; Svobodová, Šárka; Malinová, Tamara; Štech, Milan (2010-10-28). "Phylogeny, Life History Evolution and Biogeography of the Rhinanthoid Orobanchaceae". Folia Geobotanica. 45 (4): 347–367. doi:10.1007/s12224-010-9089-y. ISSN 1211-9520. S2CID 39873516.
Scheunert, Agnes; Fleischmann, Andreas; Olano-Marín, Catalina; Bräuchler, Christian; Heubl, Günther (2012-12-14). "Phylogeny of tribe Rhinantheae (Orobanchaceae) with a focus on biogeography, cytology and re-examination of generic concepts". Taxon. 61 (6): 1269–1285. doi:10.1002/tax.616008.
Molau, Ulf (1990). "The genus Bartsia (Scrophulariaceae-Rhinanthoideae)". Opera Botanica. 102: 5–99.
Taylor, K. and F. J. Rumsey. (2003). Bartsia alpina L. Journal of Ecology 91(5), 908-21.
Uribe-Convers, S. and D. Tank. Phylogenetic analysis of the genus Bartsia L. (Orobanchaceae): a mostly South American genus wrapped in a European Clade. Presentation abstract. Botany 2010. Providence, Rhode Island. August 4, 2010.
Uribe-Convers, Simon; Tank, David C. (2016-09-01). "Phylogenetic Revision of the Genus Bartsia (Orobanchaceae): Disjunct Distributions Correlate to Independent Lineages". Systematic Botany. 41 (3): 672–684. doi:10.1600/036364416X692299. S2CID 88752480.
Bartsia. The Plant List.

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