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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Asparagaceae
Subfamilia: Scilloideae
Tribus: Hyacintheae
Subtribus: Hyacinthinae
Genus: Bellevalia
Species: B. anatolica – B. assadii – B. aucheri – B. bayburtensis – B. behcetii – B. brevipedicellata – B. chrisii – B. ciliata – B. clusiana – B. crassa – B. cyanopoda – B. cyrenaica – B. decolorans – B. densiflora – B. desertorum – B. douinii – B. dubia – B. edirnensis – B. eigii – B. feinbruniae – B. flexuosa – B. fominii – B. galitensis – B. glauca – B. gracilis – B. hermonis – B. heweri – B. hyacinthoides – B. juliana – B. koeiei – B. koyuncui – B. kurdistanica – B. leucantha – B. lipskyi – B. longipes – B. longistyla – B. macrobotrys – B. malatyaensis – B. mathewii – B. mauritanica – B. modesta – B. montana – B. mosheovii – B. multicolor – B. nivalis – B. olivieri – B. palmyrensis – B. paradoxa – B. parva – B. pseudofominii – B. pseudolongipes – B. rixii – B. romana – B. salah-eidii – B. sasonii – B. saviczii – B. sessiliflora – B. shiraziana – B. sirnakensis – B. sitiaca – B. speciosa – B. spicata – B. stepporum – B. tabriziana – B. tauri – B. trifoliata – B. tristis – B. turcica – B. turkestanica – B. undulatifolia – B. validicarpa – B. vuralii – B. warburgii – B. webbiana – B. wendelboi – B. zoharyi

Name

Bellevalia Lapeyr., J. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. Arts 67: 425. 1808. nom. cons.

Type species: Bellevalia romana (L.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. 419. 1826.

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Strangweja Bertol., Mem. Mat. Fis. Soc. Ital. Sci. Modena, Pt. Mem. Fis. 21: 2. 1835.
Borboya Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 52. 1836.
Foxia Parl., Nuov. Gen. Sp. Monocot. 7. 1854.
Amphibolis Schott & Kotschy in Kotschy, Reise Taur. 379. 1858. nom. illeg.
Busbequia Salisb., Gen. Pl. 25. 1866.
Rytidolobus Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées 113. 1867.

Distribution
Native distribution areas:
References
Primary references

Lapeyrouse, P.P. de, 1808. Bellevalia. Nouveau genre de plante de la famille des Liliacées. Journal de Physique, de Chimie, d'Histoire Naturelle et des Arts 67(12): 425–427. BHL Reference page.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Bellevalia in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Mar. 7. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2014. Bellevalia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Mar. 7.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Bellevalia. Published online. Accessed: Feb. 28 2019.

Vernacular names
հայերեն: Ալայազ, բելեվալիա

Bellevalia is a genus of plants in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Scilloideae.[3] It was first described as a genus in 1808.[4][5]
Wild Bellevalia in Behbahan, Iran
Wild Bellevalia in Behbahan

The approximately 65 species are found from the Mediterranean: Turkey (about 12 species) and Israel (12 species), to central Asia: Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan (two species).

Description

Bellevalia species are perennial herbaceous plants. As geophytes, they form bulbs with a membranous sheath ("tunic"). The simple, parallel-veined leaves are basal. Grape-like inflorescences grow terminally on smooth cylindrical flower stems. The numerous flowers are located in the axils of small, membranous bracts. The hermaphroditic flowers are triple. The six identically shaped bracts are one-third to one-half their length and deformed tubular, bell-shaped or funnel-shaped in form. The color of the bracts ranges from white to cream to brown or more rarely from blue to purple. The fruit capsule is triangular in cross section with winged edges. The seeds are more or less spherical, rarely elongated and glossy.

Taxonomy
Wild Bellevalia in Behbahan II
Wild Bellevalia in Behbahan

The genus Bellevalia was first described in 1808 by Philippe-Isidore Picot de Lapeyrouse.[6] The genus name honors the French botanist Pierre Richer de Belleval (1564-1632).[7] A synonym for Bellevalia is Strangweja Bertol. The homonym genus Bellevalia Roem. & Schult. is a synonym of the genus Richeria Vahl from the family Phyllanthaceae.

Some species formerly belonged to the genus Hyacinthus. The genus Bellevalia is placed in the tribe Hyacintheae in the subfamily Scilloideae within the family Asparagaceae.
Species

According to the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families,[2] there are 65 Bellevalia species:

Bellevalia anatolica B.Mathew & Özhatay
Bellevalia assadii Wendelbo
Bellevalia aucheri (Baker) Losinsk.
Bellevalia brevipedicellata Turrill
Bellevalia ciliata (Cirillo) T.Nees
Bellevalia clusiana Griseb.
Bellevalia crassa Wendelbo
Bellevalia cyanopoda Wendelbo
Bellevalia cyrenaica Maire & Weiller
Bellevalia decolorans Bornm.
Bellevalia densiflora Boiss.
Bellevalia desertorum Eig & Feinbrun
Bellevalia dolichophylla Brullo & Miniss.
Bellevalia douinii Pabot & Mouterde
Bellevalia dubia (Guss.) Schult. & Schult.f.
Bellevalia edirnensis Özhatay & B.Mathew
Bellevalia eigii Feinbrun
Bellevalia feinbruniae Freitag & Wendelbo
Bellevalia flexuosa Boiss.
Bellevalia fominii Woronow
Bellevalia galitensis Bocchieri & Mossa
Bellevalia glauca (Lindl.) Kunth
Bellevalia gracilis Feinbrun
Bellevalia hermonis Mouterde
Bellevalia heweri Wendelbo
Bellevalia hyacinthoides (Bertol.) K.Perss. & Wendelbo
Bellevalia koeiei Rech.f.
Bellevalia kurdistanica Feinbrun
Bellevalia leucantha K.Perss.
Bellevalia lipskyi (Miscz.) Wulff.
Bellevalia longipes Post
Bellevalia longistyla (Miscz.) Grossh.
Bellevalia macrobotrys Boiss.
Bellevalia mathewii Özhatay & Koçak
Bellevalia mauritanica Pomel
Bellevalia modesta Wendelbo
Bellevalia montana (K.Koch) Boiss., syns Bellevalia albana Woronow, Bellevalia makuensis Woronow ex Grossh., Bellevalia wilhelmsii (Steven) Woronow
Bellevalia mosheovii Feinbrun
Bellevalia multicolor Wendelbo
Bellevalia nivalis Boiss. & Kotschy
Bellevalia olivieri (Baker) Wendelbo, syn. Bellevalia latifolia Feinbrun
Bellevalia palmyrensis Feinbrun
Bellevalia paradoxa (Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Boiss., syn. Bellevalia pycnantha (K.Koch) Losinsk.
Bellevalia parva Wendelbo
Bellevalia pelagica C.Brullo, Brullo & Pasta
Bellevalia rixii Wendelbo
Bellevalia romana (L.) Sweet
Bellevalia salah-eidii Täckh. & Boulos
Bellevalia saviczii Woronow
Bellevalia sessiliflora (Viv.) Kunth
Bellevalia shiraziana Parsa
Bellevalia sitiaca Kypriotakis & Tzanoud.
Bellevalia speciosa Woronow ex Grossh., syn. Bellevalia sarmatica (Pall. ex Georgi) Woronow
Bellevalia spicata (Raf.) Boiss.
Bellevalia stepporum Feinbrun
Bellevalia tabriziana Turrill
Bellevalia tauri Feinbrun
Bellevalia trifoliata (Ten.) Kunth
Bellevalia tristis Bornm.
Bellevalia turkestanica Franch., syn. Bellevalia atroviolacea Regel
Bellevalia validicarpa Ponert
Bellevalia warburgii Feinbrun
Bellevalia webbiana Parl.
Bellevalia wendelboi Maassoumi & Jafari
Bellevalia zoharyi Feinbrun

Species formerly included[2]

moved to Alrawia Althenia Hyacinthella Leopoldia Muscari Pseudomuscari

B. aleppica - Hyacinthella nervosa
B. aperta - Muscari armeniacum
B. atchleyi - Hyacinthella leucophaea subsp. atchleyi
B. australis - Althenia filiformis var. barrandonii
B. azurea - Pseudomuscari azureum
B. bellii - Alrawia bellii
B. bouriana - Leopoldia comosa
B. calandriniana - Leopoldia comosa
B. caucasica - Leopoldia caucasica
B. coelestis - Pseudomuscari coeleste
B. coerulea - Pseudomuscari coeruleum
B. comosa - Leopoldia comosa
B. cupaniana - Leopoldia gussonei
B. dalmatica - Hyacinthella dalmatica
B. dichroa - Alrawia bellii
B. fontanesii - Leopoldia maritima
B. forniculata - Pseudomuscari forniculatum
B. fuliginosa - Muscari fuliginosum
B. graeca - Leopoldia comosa
B. graminifolia - Leopoldia comosa
B. haynei - Hyacinthella nervosa
B. heldreichii - Hyacinthella heldreichii
B. hispida - Hyacinthella hispida
B. holzmannii - Leopoldia comosa
B. leucophaea - Hyacinthella leucophaea
B. lineata - Hyacinthella lineata
B. longipes (Boiss.) Bornm. 1939 not Post 1895 - Leopoldia longipes
B. maritima - Hyacinthella maritima
B. maritima subsp. weissii - Leopoldia weissii
B. micrantha - Hyacinthella micrantha
B. millingenii - Hyacinthella millingenii
B. monophylla - Muscari latifolium
B. muscarioides - Muscari latifolium
B. nervosa - Hyacinthella nervosa
B. oxycarpa - Alrawia bellii
B. pallens - Pseudomuscari pallens
B. persica - Hyacinthella persica
B. pharmacusana - Leopoldia comosa
B. pinardii - Leopoldia comosa
B. pseudomuscari - Pseudomuscari chalusicum
B. sartoriana - Leopoldia comosa
B. tenuiflora - Leopoldia tenuiflora
B. tenuiflora subsp. constricta - Leopoldia comosa
B. theraea - Leopoldia weissii
B. turkewiczii - Pseudomuscari coeleste
B. weissii - Leopoldia weissii

References

Tropicos, search for name Bellevalia
R. Govaerts, B. J. M. Zonneveld, S. A. Zona: World checklist of Asparagaceae. Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Search on Bellevalia Access date 8 July 2014
Stevens, P.F., Angiosperm Phylogeny Website: Asparagales: Scilloideae
Lapeyrouse, Philippe Picot de. 1808. Journal de Physique, de Chimie, d'Histoire Naturelle et des Arts 67: 425-427 in French
Tropicos, Bellevalia Lapeyr.
Philippe-Isidore Picot de Lapeyrouse: Bellevalia. Nouveau genre de plante de la famille des Liliacées. In: Journal de Physique, de Chimie et d'Histoire Naturelle. Band 67, Nr. 12, 1808, p. 425–427

Sandro Pignatti (Hrsg.): Flora d'Italia. Vol. 1–3, Edagricole, Bologna 1982 (Nachdruck 2002), ISBN 88-506-2449-2, S. 374 (Band 3).

Bibliography

S. I. Ali: Flora of Pakistan. Volume 214: Hyacinthaceae. University of Karachi, Department of Botany, Karachi 2005, S. 2, Bellevalia online
GRIN
Gustav Heynhold: Nomenclator botanicus hortensis: Oder, Alphabetische und synonymische Aufzählung der in den Gärten Europa's Cultivirten Gewächse, nebst Angabe ihres Autors, ihres Vaterlandes, ihrer Dauer und Cultur. Band 2. Arnoldische Buchhandlung, Dresden und Leipzig 1846, p. 64
Cristian Brullo, Salvatore Brullo, S. Pasta: Bellevalia pelagica (Hyacinthaceae), a new species from the Islet of Lampione (Pelagian Archipelag, Sicily). In: Edinburgh Journal of Botany. vol. 66, No. 1, 2009, p. 65–75
A. Jafari, A. A. Maassoumi: A New Species of Bellevalia (Liliaceae/Hyacinthaceae) from Iran. In: Edinburgh Journal of Botany. vol 65, No. 3, 2008, p. 469–473

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