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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Rubiaceae
Subfamilia: Ixoroideae
Tribus: Gardenieae
Genus: Benkara
Species: B. armigera – B. depauperata – B. emanuelssoniana – B. esculenta – B. evenosa – B. fasciculata – B. forrestii – B. griffithii – B. hainanensis – B. hoaensis – B. malabarica – B. microcarpa – B. miquelii – B. ovoidea – B. parviflora – B. pierrei – B. rectispina – B. scandens – B. sinensis

Benkara Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 85. (1763)

Type species: Benkara malabarica (Lam.) Tirveng., Taxon 32: 440. (1983)


Griffithia Wight & Arn., Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient.: 399. (1834)
Fagerlindia Tirveng., Nordic J. Bot. 3: 458. (1983)


Adanson, M. 1763. Familles des Plantes 2: 85.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Benkara in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Apr. 27. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Benkara. Published online. Accessed: Apr. 27 2019. 2019. Benkara. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Apr. 27.
Ridsdale, C.E. 2008. Thorny problems in the Rubiaceae: Benkara, Fagerlindia and Oxyceros. Reinwardtia 12(4): 289-298. DOI: 10.14203/reinwardtia.v12i4.58 Reference page.

Benkara is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae. It is found in tropical and subtropical Asia from India east to China and the Ryukyu Islands, south to Java and the Philippines.[1] It was described by Michel Adanson in 1763.[2]

Benkara armigera (K.Schum.) Ridsdale - Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Peninsular Malaysia
Benkara depauperata (Drake) Ridsdale - China, Vietnam
Benkara emanuelssoniana (Lour.) Ridsdale - Palawan
Benkara esculenta (Lour.) Ridsdale - Vietnam
Benkara evenosa (Hutch.) Ridsdale - Yunnan
Benkara fasciculata (Roxb.) Ridsdale - Assam, Bhutan, Nepal, India, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Philippines
Benkara forrestii (J.Anthony) Ridsdale - Yunnan, Thailand
Benkara griffithii (Hook.f.) Ridsdale - China, Assam, Bhutan
Benkara hoaensis (Pierre ex Pit.) Ridsdale - Vietnam
Benkara malabarica (Lam.) Tirveng - India, Sri Lanka
Benkara microcarpa (Bartl. ex DC.) Ridsdale - Philippines
Benkara miquelii (Koord. & Valeton) Ridsdale - Java
Benkara ovoidea (Pierre ex Pit.) Ridsdale - Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam
Benkara parviflora (King & Gamble) Ridsdale - Peninsular Malaysia
Benkara pierrei (Pit.) Ridsdale - Thailand, Vietnam
Benkara rectispina (Merr.) Ridsdale - Hainan
Benkara scandens (Thunb.) Ridsdale - China, Vietnam, Philippines
Benkara sinensis (Lour.) Ridsdale - China, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Nansei-shoto (Ryukyu Islands)


"Benkara in the World Checklist of Rubiaceae". Retrieved 1 June 2014.
Adanson, Michel. 1763. Familles des Plantes 2: 85, Benkara

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