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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Bignoniaceae
Tribus: Bignonieae
Genus: Bignonia
Species: B. aequinoctialis – B. binata – B. bracteomana – B. callistegioides – B. campanulata – B. capreolata – B. convolvuloides – B. corymbosa – B. costata – B. cuneata – B. decora – B. diversifolia – B. hyacinthina – B. lilacina – B. longiflora – B. magnifica – B. microcalyx – B. neoheterophylla – B. neouliginosa – B. nocturna – B. phellosperma – B. potosina – B. prieurei – B. pterocalyx – B. ramantacea – B. sanctae-crucis – B. sciuripabulum – B. sordida – B. uleana

Name

Bignonia L. Sp. Pl. 2: 622. (1753) nom. cons.

Type species: Bignonia capreolata L. Sp. Pl. 2: 262. (1753)

Synonyms

Homotypic
Anisostichus Bureau, Monogr. Bignon. 43. t. 6. 1864 [1].
Temnocydia Mart. ex DC., Prodr. 9: 143. 1845 [2], nom. inval.
Heterotypic
Clytostoma Miers ex Bureau, Adansonia 8: 353. 1868.
Type species: C. callistegioides (Cham.) Griseb.
Clytostomanthus Pichon, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 92: 224. 1945 publ. 1946.
Type species: C. decorus (S.Moore) Pichon
Cydista Bureau, Proc. Roy. Hort. Soc. London 3: 191. 1863.
Type species: C. aequinoctialis (L.) Miers
Levya Bureau ex Baill., Hist. Pl. 10: 28. 1888.
Type species: L. nicaraguensis Bureau ex Baill.
Macranthisiphon Bureau ex K.Schum. in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(3b): 212, 219. 1894.
Type species: M. longiflorus (Cav.) K.Schum.
Micropaegma Pichon, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 92: 225. 1945 publ. 1946.
Type species: M. brachycalyx (Bureau & K.Schum.) Pichon
Mussatia Bureau ex Baill., Hist. Pl. 10: 32. 1881 publ. 1888.
Type species: M. prieurei (DC.) Bureau ex K.Schum.
Osmhydrophora Barb.Rodr., Vellosia, ed. 2, 1: 49. 1891.
Type species: O. nocturna Barb.Rodr.
Phryganocydia Mart. ex Bureau, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 19: 18. 1872.
Type species: P. corymbosa (Vent.) Bureau ex K.Schum.
Phrygiobureaua Kuntze in Post & Kuntze, Lex. 433. 1904 publ. 1903.
Type species: P. corymbosa (Vent.) Bureau ex K.Schum.
Pongelia Raf., Sylva Tellur. 78. 1838.
Type species: P. longiflora Raf.
Potamoganos Sandwith, Rec. Trav. Bot. Néerl. 34: 220. 1937.
Type species: P. microcalyx (G.F.Meyer) Sandwith
Roentgenia Urb., Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 34: 747. 1916.
Type species: R. bracteomana (K.Schum. ex Sprague) Urban
Saritaea Dugand, Caldasia 3: 262. 1945.
Type species: S. magnifica (W.Bull) Dugand

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Northern America
North-Central U.S.A.
Illinois, Missouri, Oklahoma.
Northeastern U.S.A.
Indiana, Ohio, West Virginia.
South-Central U.S.A.
Texas.
Southeastern U.S.A.
Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia.
Mexico
Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Mexico Southeast.
Southern America
Central America
Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama.
Caribbean
Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Leeward Islands, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Windward Islands.
Northern South America
French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela.
Western South America
Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.
Brazil
Brazil West-Central, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil North, Brazil South.
Southern South America
Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Paraguay, Uruguay.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum 2: 622.
Fonseca, L.H.M. & Lohmann, L.G. 2019. An Updated Synopsis of Adenocalymma (Bignonieae, Bignoniaceae): New Combinations, Synonyms, and Lectotypifications. Systematic Botany 44(4): 893-912. DOI: 10.1600/036364419X15710776741341 Paywall Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Bignonia in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Mar. 3. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2015. Bignonia. Published online. Accessed: Mar. 30 2015.
Tropicos.org 2021. Bignonia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Mar. 0.

Bignonia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Bignoniaceae. Its genus and family were named after Jean-Paul Bignon by his protégé Joseph Pitton de Tournefort in 1694, and the genus was established as part of modern botanical nomenclature in 1753 by Carl Linnaeus. Species have been recorded from the southern USA, Central to most of South America.[3]

Species

Species include:[4]

Bignonia binata Thunb.
Bignonia bracteomana (K.Schum. ex Sprague) L.G.Lohmann
Bignonia callistegioides Cham.
Bignonia campanulata Cham.
Bignonia capreolata L.
Bignonia convolvuloides (Bureau & K.Schum.) L.G.Lohmann
Bignonia corymbosa (Vent.) L.G.Lohmann
Bignonia costata (Bureau & K.Schum.) L.G.Lohmann
Bignonia cuneata (Dugand) L.G.Lohmann
Bignonia decora (S.Moore) L.G.Lohmann
Bignonia diversifolia Kunth
Bignonia hyacinthina (Standl.) L.G.Lohmann
Bignonia lilacina (A.H.Gentry) L.G.Lohmann
Bignonia longiflora Cav.
Bignonia magnifica W.Bull
Bignonia microcalyx G.Mey.
Bignonia neouliginosa L.G.Lohmann
Bignonia nocturna (Barb.Rodr.) L.G.Lohmann
Bignonia phellosperma (Hemsl.) L.G.Lohmann
Bignonia potosina (K.Schum. & Loes.) L.G.Lohmann
Bignonia prieurei DC.
Bignonia pterocalyx (Sprague ex Urb.) L.G.Lohmann
Bignonia ramantacea (Mart. ex DC.) L.G.Lohmann
Bignonia sciuripabula (K.Schum.) L.G.Lohmann
Bignonia sordida (Bureau & K.Schum.) L.G.Lohmann
Bignonia uleana (Kraenzl.) L.G.Lohmann

References

The International Plant Names Index
"World Checklist of Selected Plant Families". Retrieved November 16, 2016.
Plants of the World Online: Bignonia L.
The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species, retrieved November 16, 2016

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