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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Malvales

Familia: Bixaceae
Genera: AmoreuxiaBixaCochlospermumDiegodendron


Bixaceae Kunth Malvac., Buttner., Tiliac. 17. (1822) nom. cons.

Type genus: Bixa L., Sp. Pl. 1: 512 (1753)


Cochlospermaceae Planch. London J. Bot. 6: 305. (1847)
Type genus: Cochlospermum Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. (quarto ed.) 5: 297. (1821)
Diegodendraceae Capuron Adansonia, n.s. 385, 392. (1963)
Type genus: Diegodendron Capuron Adansonia, n.s. 385. (1963)


Kunth, K.S. (1822) Malvaceae, Buttneriaceae, Tiliaceae 17.
Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page. 2014. Bixaceae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Aug 18.

Vernacular names
English: Lipstick Tree family
suomi: Annattokasvit
українська: Біксові
Tiếng Việt: Họ Điều nhuộm
中文: 红木科

The Bixaceae are a family of dicotyledonous plants commonly called the achiote family. Under the Cronquist system, the family was traditionally placed in the order Violales. However, newer arrangements move it, with some other families previously in the Violales, into the Malvales.

Although small, this family includes trees, herbs, and shrubs. The plants are bisexual, and all species have five sepals. All plants within the Bixaceae produce a red, orange, or yellow latex.

The Bixaceae include three genera and a total of 25 species, although Cochlospermum is sometimes placed into its own family Cochlospermaceae. The best-known species is the source of annatto, the achiote, which belongs to the type genus of the family.

Cochlospermum (Amoreuxia is now a synonym)[2]


Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009), "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161 (2): 105–121, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x, archived from the original on 2017-05-25, retrieved 2010-12-10
Plants of the World Online: Amoreuxia Moc. & Sessé ex DC.

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