- Art Gallery -

Calanthe sylvatica

Calanthe sylvatica (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Epidendroideae
Tribus: Collabieae
Genus: Calanthe
Species: Calanthe sylvatica
Name

Calanthe sylvatica (Thouars) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 250 (1833)
Synonymy

Basionym
Centrosis sylvatica Thouars, Hist. Orchid.: t. 35 (1822)
Homotypic
Bletia sylvatica (Thouars) Bojer, Hortus Maurit.: 318 (1837)
Alismorkis centrosis (Thouars) Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 49 (1840)
Heterotypic
Centrosis corymbosa Thouars, Hist. Orchid.: t. 35 (1822)
Centrosis plantaginea Thouars, Hist. Orchid.: t. 35 (1822)
Centrosia aubertii A.Rich., Mém. Soc. Hist. Nat. Paris 4: 40 (1828)
Calanthe sylvestris Lindl. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 253 (1840), orth. var.
Calanthe sylvatica var. natalensis Rchb.f., Linnaea 19: 374 (1846)
Calanthe natalensis (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f., Bonplandia (Hannover) 4: 322 (1856)
Calanthe corymbosa (Thouars) Lindl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 6: 129 (1862)
Calanthe sanderiana B.S.Williams, Nursery Cat. (B.S.Williams) 1887: 21 (1887)
Alismorkis natalensis (Rchb.f.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 650 (1891)
Alismorkis plantaginea (Thouars) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 650 (1891)
Calanthe sanderiana Rolfe, Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 12: 396 (1892), nom. illeg.
Calanthe delphinioides Kraenzl., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 17: 55 (1893)
Calanthe volkensii Rolfe in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 7: 46 (1897)
Calanthe neglecta Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 53: 570 (1915)
Calanthe stolzii Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 53: 569 (1915)
Calanthe sylvatica var. pallidipetala Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 33: 166 (1924)
Calanthe schliebenii Mansf., Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 11: 808 (1933)
Calanthe humbertii H.Perrier, Mém. Inst. Sci. Madagascar, Sér. B, Biol. Vég. 6: 258 (1955)
Calanthe candida Bosser, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., B, Adansonia 11: 34 (1989)
Calanthe sylvatica var. geerinckiana Stévart, Syst. Geogr. Pl. 70: 147 (2000)

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Africa
East Tropical Africa
Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda.
South Tropical Africa
Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Southern Africa
Cape Provinces, KwaZulu-Natal, Northern Provinces, Swaziland.
West Tropical Africa
Guinea, Nigeria, Sierra Leone.
West-Central Tropical Africa
Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gulf of Guinea Islands, Rwanda, Zaire.
Western Indian Ocean
Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Réunion.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Lindley, J. 1833. The Genera and Species of Orchidaceous Plants 250.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Calanthe sylvatica in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 October 7. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Calanthe sylvatica in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 October 7. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Calanthe sylvatica. Published online. Accessed: 7 October 2019.
The Plant List 2013. Calanthe sylvatica in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 October 7.
Tropicos.org 2019. Calanthe sylvatica. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 October 7.

Vernacular names

Tiếng Việt: Kiều hoa rừng
中文: 長距根節蘭, 白花長距蝦脊蘭

Calanthe sylvatica is a species of orchid. It is native to tropical and southern Africa from Sierra Leone to Tanzania to South Africa, as well as Madagascar, Comoros, Mauritius and Réunion.[1]
References

Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/"
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World