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Calla palustris

Calla palustris, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Alismatales

Familia: Araceae
Subfamilia: Aroideae
Tribus: Calleae
Genus: Calla
Species: Calla palustris
Name

Calla palustris L., Sp. Pl. 2: 968. 1753.
Synonyms

Homotypic
Callaion palustris (L.) Raf., New Fl. 2: 90 (1837).
Provenzalia palustris (L.) Raf., New Fl. 2: 90 (1837).
Heterotypic
Calla ovatifolia Gilib., Exerc. Phyt. 2: 452 (1792), opus utique oppr.
Calla cordifolia Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 4: 326 (1812).
Callaion bispatha (Raf.) Raf., New Fl. 2: 90 (1837).
Callaion brevis (Raf.) Raf., New Fl. 2: 90 (1837).
Callaion heterophylla (Raf.) Raf., New Fl. 2: 90 (1837).
Provenzalia bispatha Raf., New Fl. 2: 90 (1837).
Provenzalia brevis Raf., New Fl. 2: 90 (1837).
Provenzalia heterophyla Raf., New Fl. 2: 90 (1837).
Dracunculus paludosus Montandon, Guide Bot. Sundgau: 309 (1868).
Calla palustris f. aroiformis Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 368 (1904).
Calla palustris f. gracilis Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 368 (1904).
Calla generalis E.H.L.Krause in J.Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. Abbild., ed. 2, 1: 180 (1906).
Calla palustris f. polyspathacea Vict. & J.Rousseau, Contr. Inst. Bot. Univ. Montréal 36: 68 (1940).
Calla brevis (Raf.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Not. 128: 505 (1975 publ. 1976).

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Asia-Temperate
Regional: China
Inner Mongolia, Manchuria.
Regional: Eastern Asia
Japan, Korea.
Regional: Russian Far East
Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Islands, Primorye, Sakhalin.
Regional: Siberia
Altay, Buryatiya, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, West Siberia, Yakutskiya.
Regional: Western Asia
Turkey.
Continental: Europe
Regional: Eastern Europe
Baltic States, Belarus, Central European Russia, East European Russia, North European Russia, Northwest European Russia, South European Russia, Ukraine.
Regional: Middle Europe
Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland.
Regional: Northern Europe
Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden.
Regional: Southeastern Europe
Romania.
Regional: Southwestern Europe
France.
Continental: Northern America
Regional: Eastern Canada
New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isle, Québec.
Regional: North-Central U.S.A.
Illinois, Minnesota, North Dakota, Wisconsin.
Regional: Northeastern U.S.A.
Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Masachusettes, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Isle, Vermont, West Virginia.
Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
Maryland.
Regional: Subarctic America
Alaska, Northwest Territories, Yukon.
Regional: Western Canada
Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus II: 968. Reference page.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Calla palustris in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Nov. 02. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Calla palustris. Published online. Accessed: Nov. 02 2018.
The Plant List 2013. Calla palustris in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Nov. 02.
Tropicos.org 2018. Calla palustris. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 02 Nov. 2018.

Vernacular names
العربية: كالة
беларуская: Капытнік
kaszëbsczi: Tëczk
čeština: Ďáblík bahenní
Cymraeg: Pidyn-y-gog y gors
dansk: Kærmysse
Deutsch: Drachenwurz
English: Bog Arum
Esperanto: Kalao
español: Aro de agua
eesti: Soovõhk
فارسی: گل شیپوری وحشی
suomi: Suovehka
français: Calla des marais
עברית: קלה
hrvatski: Zmijinac
hornjoserbsce: Kala
հայերեն: Փողաշուշան
italiano: Calla di palude
日本語: ヒメカイウ
қазақша: Аққанат шөп
한국어: 산부채
lietuvių: Pelkinis žinginys
македонски: Кала
Nederlands: Slangenwortel
norsk: Myrkongle
ирон: Урсбазырæг
polski: Czermień błotna
português: Calla
русский: Белокрыльник
саха тыла: Маҥаас сэбирдэх
slovenčina: Diablik močiarny
slovenščina: Močvirska kačunka
svenska: Missne
татарча/tatarça: Саз акканаты
українська: Образки болотяні
vepsän kel’: Sigankorv
Tiếng Việt: Calla
中文: 水芋

Calla (bog arum, marsh calla, wild calla, squaw claw, and water-arum[2]) is a genus of flowering plant in the family Araceae, containing the single species Calla palustris.

Description

It is a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial plant growing in bogs and ponds. The leaves are rounded to heart-shaped, 6–12 cm (2+1⁄4–4+3⁄4 in) long on a 10–20 cm (4–8 in) petiole, and 4–12 cm (1+1⁄2–4+3⁄4 in) broad. The greenish-yellow inflorescence is produced on a spadix about 4–6 cm (1+1⁄2–2+1⁄4 in) long, enclosed in a white spathe. The fruit is a cluster of red berries, each berry containing several seeds.[3][4]

The plant is very poisonous when fresh due to its high oxalic acid content, but the rhizome (like that of Caladium, Colocasia, and Arum) is edible after drying, grinding, leaching and boiling.[5][6][7]
Taxonomy

The genus formerly also included a number of other species, which have now been transferred to the separate genus Zantedeschia. These plants from tropical Africa, however, are still often termed "calla lilies" but should not be confused with C. palustris.
Distribution

It is native to cool temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, in central, eastern and northern Europe (France and Norway eastward), northern Asia and northern North America (Alaska, Canada, and northeastern contiguous United States).[1][8][9][10]
See also

List of poisonous plants

References

"Calla". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Dickinson, T.; Metsger, D.; Bull, J.; & Dickinson, R. (2004) ROM Field Guide to Wildflowers of Ontario. Toronto:Royal Ontario Museum, p. 62.
Thompson, Sue A. (2000). "Calla palustris". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee (ed.). Flora of North America North of Mexico (FNA). Vol. 22. New York and Oxford – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Li, Heng; Boyce, Peter C.; Bogner, Josef. "Calla palustris". Flora of China. Vol. 23 – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
A Dictionary of Flowering Plants and Ferns - JC Willis
"Calla palustris". Plants for a Future.
"Wild calla-Calla palustris-Poisonous plants". Pharmacognosy.
Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1–560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Herkert, J.R. & Ebinger, J.E. (eds.) (2002). Endangered and Threatened Species of Illinois: status and distribution 1: 1–161. Endangered Species Protection Board, Springfield, Illinois.

Sabirova, N.D. & Sabirov, R.N. (2011). New and rare vascular plant species of Northern Sakhalin. Byulleten' Glavnogo Botaniceskogo Sada 197: 80–86.

Blanchan, Neltje (2002). Wild Flowers: An Aid to Knowledge of our Wild Flowers and their Insect Visitors. Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation.

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