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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Polygonaceae
Subfamilia: Polygonoideae
Tribus: Calligoneae
Genus: Calligonum
Species: C. acanthopterum – C. aciferum – C. aculeatum – C. aequilaterale – C. alaschanicum – C. alatiforme – C. alatosetosum – C. alatum – C. amoenum – C. androssowii – C. aphyllum – C. aralense – C. arborescens – C. azel – C. babakianum – C. bakuense – C. barsukiense – C. batiola – C. borsczowii – C. bubyri – C. bubyrii – C. bucocladum – C. bungei – C. bykovii – C. calcareum – C. calvescens – C. cancellatum – C. caput-medusae – C. cartilagineum – C. chinense – C. colubrinum – C. commune – C. comosum – C. compactum – C. conuivena – C. cordatum – C. cordiforme – C. cordipterum – C. coriaceum – C. crinitum – C. crinitum – C. crispatum – C. cristatum – C. densiforme – C. densum – C. denticulatum – C. dissectum – C. diversiforme – C. drobovii – C. dubianskyi – C. durum – C. ebinuricum – C. elatum – C. elegans – C. erinaceum – C. eriopodum – C. eugenii-korovinii – C. falcilobum – C. ferganense – C. flavidum – C. fragile – C. gobicum – C. golbeckii – C. gracile – C. griseum – C. gypsaceum – C. humile – C. inaequale – C. integrum – C. intertextum – C. involutum – C. irtyschense – C. jeminaicum – C. josephi – C. junceum – C. juochiangense – C. karakalpakense – C. klementzii – C. korlaense – C. kurotschkinae – C. kzyl-kumi – C. lamellatum – C. lanceolatum – C. laristanicum – C. leucocladiforme – C. leucocladum – C. lipskyi – C. litwinowii – C. macrocarpum – C. margelanicum – C. matteianum – C. mejidum – C. membranaceum – C. microcarpum – C. molle – C. mongolicum – C. muravljanskyi – C. murex – C. nardinae – C. nudatum – C. obtusum – C. orthocarpum – C. orthotrichum – C. oxicum – C. ozunraicum – C. paletzkianum – C. palibinei – C. pappii – C. parvulum – C. parvum – C. patens – C. pavlovii – C. pellucidum – C. persicum – C. petunnikowii – C. physopterum – C. platyacanthum – C. plicatum – C. polygonoides – C. pseudohumile – C. pseudotenue – C. pulcherrimum – C. pumilum – C. quadraepterum – C. repetekense – C. rigidum – C. roborowskii – C. roseum – C. rotovii – C. rotula – C. rubens – C. rubescens – C. rubicundum – C. rubidum – C. russanovii – C. santoanum – C. schizopterum – C. setosum – C. sinuosoaculeolatum – C. smirnovii – C. spinosetosum – C. spinosissimum – C. spinulosum – C. squarrosum – C. stenopterum – C. subcomplanatum – C. tenue – C. tetrapterum – C. tortile – C. trifarium – C. triste – C. turbineum – C. turkestanicum – C. undulatum – C. ustjurtense – C. yengisaricum – C. zaidamense – C. zakirovii

Nothospecies: C. × barsukiense – C. × calcareum – C. × densum – C. × dissectum – C. × dubiansky – C. × pseudodubjanskyi – C. × zaissanomuravljanskyi
Name

Calligonum L., Sp. Pl. 1: 530 (1753).

Type species: Calligonum polygonoides L. Sp. Pl. 1: 530. (1753)

Synonymy

Heterotypic
Pterococcus Pall., Reise Russ. Reich. 2: 738 (1773), nom. rej. against Pterococcus Hasskarl (1842) nom. cons. (Euphorbiaceae Juss. (1842))

Homonyms

Calligonum Lour., Fl. Cochinch: 342 (1790) (Dilleniaceae Salisb. (1806))

References
Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 538. Reference page.

Additional references

Tavakkoli, S., Kazempour Osaloo, S. & Maassoumi, A.A. 2010. The phylogeny of Calligonum and Pteropyrum (Polygonaceae) based on nuclear ribosomal DNA ITS and chloroplast trnL-F sequences. Iranian Journal of Biotechnology 8(1): 7-15. Full text HTML Reference page.

Links

Hassler, M. 2017. Calligonum. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2017. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 Apr. 8. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2017. Calligonum. Published online. Accessed: Mar. 12 2017.
The Plant List 2013. Calligonum in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 Mar. 12.
Tropicos.org 2017. Calligonum. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 Mar. 12.

Calligonum is a genus of plants in the family Polygonaceae with about 80 species across the Mediterranean Sea region, Asia and North America.

Description

Plants of the genus Calligonum are shrubs, diffusely but irregularly branched, with flexuous woody branches. Leaves are simple, opposite, nearly sessile, linear or scale-like, sometimes absent or very small, linear or filiform, distinct or united with short membranous ochreae. Flowers are bisexual, solitary or in loose axillary inflorescences. Flowers have persistent, 5-parted perianths not accrescent in fruit, and 10-18 stamens with filaments connate at the base. The ovary is tetragonous.[1][2]
Taxonomy

The genus Calligonum was first published by Carl Linnaeus in 1753.[3] It is placed in the subfamily Polygonoideae, tribe Calligoneae, along with its sister genus, Pteropyrum.[4]
Species

Calligonum acanthopterum I.G.Borshch.
Calligonum alatosetosum Maassoumi & Kazempour
Calligonum aphyllum (Pall.) Gürke
Calligonum arborescens Litv.
Calligonum azel Maire
Calligonum babakianum Godw.
Calligonum bakuense Litv.
Calligonum bucocladum Bunge
Calligonum bykovii Godw.
Calligonum calvescens Maire
Calligonum caput-medusae Schrenk
Calligonum crinitum Boiss.
Calligonum crispum Bunge
Calligonum cristatum Bunge
Calligonum ebinuricum N.A.Ivanova ex Soskov
Calligonum eriopodum Bunge
Calligonum junceum (Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Litv.
Calligonum klementzii Losinsk.
Calligonum laristanicum Rech.f. & Schiman-Czeika
Calligonum leucocladum (Schrenk) Bunge
Calligonum litwinowii Drobow
Calligonum macrocarpum I.G.Borshch.
Calligonum matteianum Drobow
Calligonum mejidum Al-Khayat
Calligonum microcarpum I.G.Borshch.
Calligonum mongolicum Turcz.
Calligonum murex Bunge
Calligonum polygonoides L.
Calligonum rubicundum Bunge
Calligonum santoanum Korovin
Calligonum schizopterum Rech.f. & Schiman-Czeika
Calligonum setosum (Litv.) Litv.
Calligonum spinosetosum Maassoumi & Batooli
Calligonum taklimakanense B.R.Pan & K.M.Shen
Calligonum tetrapterum Jaub. & Spach
Calligonum trifarium Z.M.Mao
Calligonum triste Litv.
Calligonum turbineum Pavlov

References

"Flora of Pakistan". Efloras.org. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
"Flora of China". Efloras.org. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
"Plant Name Details for Calligonum L." The International Plant Names Index. Retrieved 2019-03-08.
Schuster, Tanja M.; Reveal, James L.; Bayly, Michael J. & Kron, Kathleen A. (2015), "An updated molecular phylogeny of Polygonoideae (Polygonaceae): Relationships of Oxygonum, Pteroxygonum, and Rumex, and a new circumscription of Koenigia", Taxon, 64 (6): 1188–1208, doi:10.12705/646.5

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