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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Sophoreae
Genus: Camoensia
Species: C. brevicalyx – C. scandens
Source(s) of checklist:
Name

Camoensia Welw. ex Benth. & Hook.f., 1865
Synonyms

Giganthemum Welw., Apont. 585 (1858)

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Africa
Regional: Tropical Africa
Angola, Cabinda, Cameroon, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Nigeria, Zaïre
Introduced into:
Jawa, Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Welwitsch, F.M.J. in G.Bentham & J.D.Hooker, 1865. Gen. Pl. 1: 557

Additional references

Govaerts, R.H.A. 1999. World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b). 1532 pp.. MIM, Deurne. ISBN 90-5720-098-8 (issue 1), ISBN 90-5720-099-6 (issue 2b). Reference page.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Camoensia in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 31. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Camoensia. Published online. Accessed: May 31 2021.
Tropicos.org 2021. Camoensia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 31.
Hassler, M. 2021. Camoensia. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 31. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. World Plants. Synonymic Checklist and Distribution of the World Flora. (Camoensia). Camoensia (Fabaceae). Accessed: 31 May 2021.

Vernacular names

Camoensia is a genus of 2 species of lianas in the family Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae, native to the Gulf of Guinea, Africa. C. scandens is cultivated as an ornamental plant; it has one of the largest leguminous flowers, up to 20 cm across.[5] The genus has classically been assigned to the tribe Sophoreae,[6] but was recently assigned to its own monophyletic tribe, Camoensieae, on the basis of molecular phylogenetic evidence.[1][2][7][8] Species of Camoensia are known to produce quinolizidine alkaloids, consistent with their placement in the genistoid clade.[6][9]
References

Cardoso D, Pennington RT, de Queiroz LP, Boatwright JS, Van Wyk BE, Wojciechowski MF, Lavin M (2013). "Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes". S Afr J Bot. 89: 58–75. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.05.001.
Wojciechowski MF (2013). "Towards a new classification of Leguminosae: Naming clades using non-Linnaean phylogenetic nomenclature". S Afr J Bot. 89: 85–93. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.06.017.
"ILDIS LegumeWeb entry for Camoensia". International Legume Database & Information Service. Cardiff School of Computer Science & Informatics. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
USDA; ARS; National Genetic Resources Program. "GRIN species records of Camoensia". Germplasm Resources Information Network—(GRIN) [Online Database]. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
Mabberley DJ (1997). The Plant-Book: A Portable Dictionary of Plants, their Classifications, and Uses (2nd ed.). Cambridge University Press, UK. pp. 858. ISBN 0-521-41421-0.
Polhill RM (1981). "Sophoreae". In Polhill RM, Raven PH (eds.). Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 1. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. pp. 213–230. ISBN 9780855212247.
Crisp MD, Gilmore S, Van Wyk BE (2000). "Molecular phylogeny of the genistoid tribes of papilionoid legumes". In Herendeen PS, Bruneau A (eds.). Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 9. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. pp. 249–276. ISBN 184246017X.
Cardoso D, de Queiroz LP, Pennington RT, de Lima HC, Fonty É, Wojciechowski MF, Lavin M (2012). "Revisiting the phylogeny of papilionoid legumes: new insights from comprehensively sampled early-branching lineages". Am J Bot. 99 (12): 1991–2013. doi:10.3732/ajb.1200380. PMID 23221500.
Waterman PG, Faulkner DF (1982). "Quinolizidine/indolizidine alkaloids from the seed of Camoensia brevicalyx". Phytochemistry. 21: 215–218. doi:10.1016/0031-9422(82)80046-0.

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