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Canavalia rosea

Canavalia rosea (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Phaseoleae
Subtribus: Diocleinae
Genus: Canavalia
Species: Canavalia rosea
Name

Canavalia rosea (Sw.) DC., 1825
Synonyms

Canavalia apiculata Piper, Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 20: 566 (1925)
Canavalia arenicola Piper, Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 20: 568 (1925)
Canavalia baueriana Endl., Prod. Fl. Norf. 91 (1833)
Canavalia emarginata (Jacq.) G.Don, Gen. Syst. 2: 362 (1832)
Canavalia maritima (Aubl.) Thouars, J. Bot. Agric. 1: 80 (1813)
Canavalia miniata (Kunth) DC., Prod. 2: 404 (1825)
Canavalia moneta Welw., Apont. 588. n. 62 (1859)
Canavalia obcordata (Roxb.) Voigt, Hort. Suburb. Calcutt. 235 (1845)
Canavalia obtusifolia (Lam.) DC., Prodr. 2: 404 (1825)
Canavalia obtusifolia var. emarginata (Jacq.) DC.
Canavalia obtusifolia var. insularis Ridl.
Canavalia podocarpa Dunn, Kew Bull., 137 (1922)
Canavalia rutilans DC.
Clitoria rotundifolia Sessé & Moc.
Dolichos emarginatus Jacq., Hort. Schoenb. 2: 50 (1797)
Dolichos littoralis Vell., Fl. Flum. 321
Dolichos maritimus Aubl., Hist. Pl. Guiane 765 (1775)
Dolichos miniatus Kunth, Nov. Gen. et Sp. 6: 441 (1823)
Dolichos obcordatus Roxb., Fl. Ind., ed. 1832 3: 303 (1832)
Dolichos obovatus Schum. & Thonn., Beskr. Guin. Pl. 341 (1827)
Dolichos obtusifolius Lam., Encycl. 2(1): 295 (1786)
Dolichos ovalifolius Schum. & Thonn., Beskr. Guin. Pl. 341 (1827)
Dolichos roseus Sw., Prodr. 105 (1788)
Dolichos rotundifolius Vahl, Symb. Bot. 2: 81 (1791)
Glycine rosea G.Forst., Prod. 50 (1786)
Mucuna rutilans Moc. & Sessé ex DC., Prod. 2: 404 (1825)
Rhynchosia rosea (Sw.) DC., Prod. 2: 387 (1825)

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Tropics & Subtropics
Aldabra, Andaman Is., Angola, Aruba, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Burkina, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cayman Is., Central American Pac, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Kenya, Kermadec Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Norfolk Is., Northern Territory, Panamá, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Somalia, South China Sea, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., Western Australia, Windward Is., Zaïre
Introduced into:
Chagos Archipelago, Niue

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

De Candolle, A.P. 1825. Prodromus systematis naturalis regni vegetabilis, sive enumeratio contracta ordinum, generum, specierumque plantarum huc usque cognitarum, juxta methodi naturalis normas digesta. Pars 2: Sistens Calyciflorarum ordines X. 644 pp. Treuttel et Würtz, Parisiis [Paris]. BHL Reference page. : 2:404.

Additional references

Meyer, J.-Y. (2017). Guide des plantes de Wallis et Futuna: 1-486. Au vent des iles, editions, Tahiti.
Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Canavalia rosea in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 May 14. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Canavalia rosea. Published online. Accessed: May 14 2021.
Tropicos.org 2021. Canavalia rosea. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 14 May 2021.
Hassler, M. 2021. Canavalia rosea. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2021 May 14. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. World Plants. Synonymic Checklist and Distribution of the World Flora. . Canavalia rosea. Accessed: 14 May 2021.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Canavalia rosea in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
العربية: Strandboontjie
Deutsch: Strandbohne فارسی: لوبیای ساحلی
English: Beach bean, Bay bean, Seaside bean, Coastal jackbean, MacKenzie bean
ไทย: ถั่วคล้าทะเล
中文: 濱刀豆, 海刀豆

Canavalia rosea is a species of flowering plant of the genus Canavalia in the pea family, Fabaceae, that has a pantropical distribution.[2] Common names include beach bean, bay bean, seaside jack-bean, coastal jack-bean,[1] and MacKenzie bean.[2]
Flower closeup
Dolichos roseus

Description

Coastal jack-bean is a trailing, herbaceous vine that forms mats of foliage. Stems reach a length of more than 6 m (20 ft) and 2.5 cm (0.98 in) in thickness. Each compound leaf is made up of three leaflets 5.1–7.6 cm (2.0–3.0 in) in diameter, which will fold themselves when exposed to hot sunlight. The flowers are purplish pink and 5.1 cm (2.0 in) long. The flat pods are 10.2–15.2 cm (4.0–6.0 in) long and become prominently ridged as they mature. The buoyancy of the seeds allows them to be distributed by ocean currents.[2] The plant seems to contain L-Betonicine.
Habitat and range

C. rosea inhabits upper beaches, cliffs, and dunes throughout the world's coastal tropics. It is highly salt-tolerant and prefers sandy soils.[2]
References

"Canavalia rosea". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2010-12-04.
Christman, Steve (2004-01-14). "#857 Canavalia rosea". Floridata. Retrieved 2010-12-04.

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