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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Magnoliids
Ordo: Canellales
Familiae: Canellaceae - Winteraceae
Name

Canellales Cronquist, Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 27: 17. (1957)

Type genus: Canella P.Browne, Civ. Nat. Hist. Jamaica 275 (1756), nom. cons.

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Winterales A.C.Sm. ex Reveal, Phytologia 74(3): 174. (1993)

References

Cronquist, A.J. 1957. Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État à Bruxelles 27: 17.
Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. 2009. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161(2): 105–121. DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x Open access Reference page.
Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. 2016. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 181(1): 1–20. DOI: 10.1111/boj.12385 Reference page.
Massoni, J., Forest, F. & Sauquet, H.J.X. 2014. Increased sampling of both genes and taxa improves resolution of phylogenetic relationships within Magnoliidae, a large and early-diverging clade of angiosperms. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 70: 84–93. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2013.09.010 ResearchGate Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2021. Canellales. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 June 4.

Vernacular names
العربية: كانلال
català: Canel·lals
čeština: Kanelotvaré
dansk: Canella-ordenen
Ελληνικά: Κανελλώδη
فارسی: مگنولیان کانلال
עברית: קנלאים
한국어: 카넬라목
polski: Kanellowce, Korzybielowce
русский: Канеллоцветные
Tiếng Việt: Bộ Bạch quế bì
中文: 白樟目

Canellales is the botanical name for an order of flowering plants, one of the four orders of the magnoliids. It is recognized by the most recent classification of flowering plants, the APG IV system.[2] It is defined to contain two families: Canellaceae and Winteraceae, which comprise 136 species of fragrant trees and shrubs. The Canellaceae are found in tropical America and Africa, and the Winteraceae are part of the Antarctic flora (found in diverse parts of the southern hemisphere). Although the order was defined based on phylogenetic studies, a number of possible synapomorphies have been suggested, relating to the pollen tube, the seeds, the thickness of the integument, and other aspects of the morphology.[3]

Until 1999, these two families were not considered to be closely related. Instead the Winteraceae were considered to be a primitive family (due to the structure of the xylem and carpel, a structure which now seems to be derived from xylem and carpels more typical of the angiosperms as a whole). The Canellaceae was often considered to be related to the Myristicaceae. However, studies starting in 1999, based on molecular phylogeny or morphology, have supported uniting these two families.[3]

Magnoliids

Piperales

Canellales

Canellaceae

Winteraceae

Laurales

Magnoliales

The current composition and phylogeny of the Canellales.[3]

References

Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x.
Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2016). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 181 (1): 1–20. doi:10.1111/boj.12385. ISSN 0024-4074.
Soltis, P. S.; D. E. Soltis (2004). "The origin and diversification of Angiosperms". American Journal of Botany. 91 (10): 1614–1626. doi:10.3732/ajb.91.10.1614. PMID 21652312.

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