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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Liliales

Familia: Liliaceae
Subfamilia: Lilioideae
Genus: Cardiocrinum
Species: C. cathayanum – C. cordatum – C. giganteum – C. glehnii
Name

Cardiocrinum (Endl.) Lindl., Veg. Kingd. ed. 1: 205 (1846): (1846).
Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Asia-Temperate
Russian Far East
Kuril Islands, Sakhalin,
China
China South-Central, China North-Central, China Southeast, Tibet,
Eastern Asia
Japan,
Asia-Tropical
Indian Subcontinent
Assam, East Himalaya, Nepal, West Himalaya,
Indo-China
Myanmar.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Lindley, J. 1846. The Vegetable Kingdom 205.

Links

USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Cardiocrinum in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service.

Vernacular names
suomi: Jättililjat
magyar: Óriásliliom
日本語: ウバユリ属
русский: Кардиокринум

Cardiocrinum is a genus of bulbous plants of the lily family first described in 1846. They are native to the Himalaya, China, the Russian Far East, and Japan.[3] The bulbs are usually formed at the soil surface. The preferred habitat is woodland. The plants tend to be monocarpic, dying after flowering.[4]

Description

Cardiocrinum is a genus of monocarpic perennial herbs.[5]
Taxonomy

Cardiocrinum was originally described by Endlicher in 1836 as one of five sections of Lilium,[1][6] to which it is closely related. Later authors considered it a separate genus.[7] The common name is giant lilies. They differ from Lilium in some characteristics, most notably in the heart shaped leaves. The genus name alludes to these leaves, from the Greek kardia, heart, and krinon, lily.[8]

The Himalayan species Cardiocrinum giganteum is the largest of any of the lily plants, growing up to 3.5 metres high.
Species

The genus Cardiocrinum is endemic to East Asia and has three species, two of which occur in China.[7]

Cardiocrinum cathayanum (E.H.Wilson) Stearn - E + C China
Cardiocrinum cordatum (Thunb.) Makino - Japan, Kuril Islands, Sakhalin
Cardiocrinum giganteum (Wall.) Makino - Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Tibet, Yunnan, Bhutan, Assam, Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim[4]

References

Endlicher 1836.
Tropicos 2019.
Flora of China Vol. 24 Page 134 大百合属 da bai he shu Cardiocrinum (Endlicher) Lindley, Veg. Kingd. 205. 1846.
WCSP 2017.
Ohara et al 2006.
Pelkonen & Pirttilä 2012.
Chen et al 2012.

Hyam & Pankhurst 1995.

Bibliography
Books

Bolt, Philip (2018). The Genus Cardiocrinum: its identification and cultivation (PDF). Redhall Garden.
Endlicher, Stephanus (1836). "Lilium (Cardiocrinum)". Genera plantarum secundum ordines naturales disposita (in Latin). Vienna: Fredericum Beck. p. 141.

Articles

Chen, Hong-Na; Zhao, Chun-Hai; Liu, Xiao-Rui; Liu, Jia-Xi (16 June 2012). "Pollen development of Cardiocrinum giganteum (Wall.) Makina in China". Plant Systematics and Evolution. 298 (8): 1557–1565. doi:10.1007/s00606-012-0658-9. JSTOR 43558355. S2CID 13347067.
Hyam, R. & Pankhurst, R.J. (1995). Plants and their names: a concise dictionary. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 89. ISBN 978-0-19-866189-4.
Lu, Rui-Sen; Li, Pan; Qiu, Ying-Xiong (10 January 2017). "The Complete Chloroplast Genomes of Three Cardiocrinum (Liliaceae) Species: Comparative Genomic and Phylogenetic Analyses". Frontiers in Plant Science. 7. doi:10.3389/fpls.2016.02054.
Ohara, Masashi; Narumi, Tadashi; Yoshizane, Tomoko; Okayasu, Tarou; Masuda, Junzo; Kawano, Shoichi (December 2006). "7: Cardiocrinum cordatum (Thunb.) Makino (Liliaceae)". Plant Species Biology. 21 (3): 201–207. doi:10.1111/j.1442-1984.2006.00166.x.
Pelkonen, Veli-Pekka; Pirttilä, Anna-Maria (2012). "Taxonomy and Phylogeny of the Genus Lilium" (PDF). Floriculture and Ornamental Biotechnology. 6 (Special Issue 2): 1–8.
Yang, Li-Qin; Hu, Hao-Yu; Xie, Chuan; Lai, Shan-Pan; Yang, Mei; He, Xing-Jin; Zhou, Song-Dong (January 2017). "Molecular phylogeny, biogeography and ecological niche modelling of Cardiocrinum(Liliaceae): insights into the evolutionary history of endemic genera distributed across the Sino-Japanese floristic region". Annals of Botany. 119 (1): 59–72. doi:10.1093/aob/mcw210. PMC 5218382. PMID 27941092.

Websites
"Lilium unranked Cardiocrinum Endl.". Tropicos. Missouri Botanical Garden. 2019. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
"Cardiocrinum (Endl.) Lindl". eMonocot. 2014. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
"Cardiocrinum". Encyclopedia of Life. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
WCSP. "Cardiocrinum (Endl.) Lindl., Veg. Kingd., ed. 2: 205 (1847)". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
IPNI (2005). "Cardiocrinum". International Plant Names Index. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 10 September 2019.

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