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Carex acutiformis

Carex acutiformis (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Cyperaceae
Subfamilia: Cyperoideae
Tribus: Cariceae
Genus: Carex
Species: Carex acutiformis
Name

Carex acutiformis Ehrh., Beitr. Naturk. 4: 43 (1789).
Synonyms

Homotypic
Carex riparia var. acutiformis (Ehrh.) Fiori, Nuov. Fl. Italia 1: 201 (1923).
Heterotypic
Carex rufa Schrank, Baier. Fl. 1: 305 (1789), nom. illeg.
Carex palustris J.F.Gmel., Syst. Nat. ed. 13[bis]: 145 (1791).
Carex scheuchzeri J.F.Gmel., Syst. Nat. ed. 13[bis]: 144 (1791).
Carex spadicea Roth, Tent. Fl. Germ. 2(2): 461 (1793), nom. illeg.
Carex paludosa Gooden., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 2: 202 (1794).
Carex dubia Hosé, Ann. Bot. (Usteri) 21: 34 (1797).
Carex riparia Geners., Elench.: 874 (1798), sensu auct.
Carex rigens Thuill., Fl. Env. Paris, ed. 2: 488 (1799).
Carex intermedia Suter, Helvet. Fl. 2: 261 (1802), nom. illeg.
Carex kochiana DC., Cat. Pl. Horti Monsp.: 8 (1813).
Trasus paludosus (Gooden.) Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 64 (1821 publ. 1822).
Carex paludosa var. kochiana (DC.) Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 6: 130 (1830).
Edritria paludosa (Gooden.) Raf., Good Book: 26 (1840).
Carex acutiformis f. minor Peterm., Anal. Pfl.-Schlüss.: 516 (1846).
Carex paludosa f. depauperata Lange, Bot. Not. 1849: 165 (1849).
Carex spadicea var. kochiana (DC.) Crép., Man. Fl. Belgique, ed. 2: 325 (1866).
Carex acutiformis var. kochiana (DC.) Garcke, Fl. N. Mitt.-Deutschland, ed. 12: 54 (1875).
Carex spadicea f. maxima Urb., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 22: 54 (1881).
Carex olgae Regel, Izv. Imp. Obshch. Lyubit. Estestv. Moskovsk. Univ. 34(2): 83 (1882).
Carex paludosa subsp. kochiana (DC.) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital.: 747 (1882).
Carex paludosa var. spadicea Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 768 (1882).
Carex paludosa var. longiglumis St.-Lag. in A.Cariot, Étude Fl., éd. 8, 2: 865 (1889).
Carex acutiformis var. abbreviata Beck, Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 143 (1890).
Carex acutiformis subsp. kochiana (DC.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 167 (1890).
Carex acutiformis f. gracilior Kük., Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 5(Beih. 1): 64 (1899).
Carex acutiformis f. spadicea (Nyman) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 215 (1903).
Carex paludosa var. brachylepis L.C.Lamb., Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 16(205-206): viii (1906).
Carex paludosa var. brachystachys L.C.Lamb., Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 16(205-206): viii (1906).
Carex acutiformis f. depauperata (Lange) Kük. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 734 (1909).
Carex acutiformis f. maxima (Urb.) Kük. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 734 (1909).

Homonyms

Carex acutiformis Brot., nom. illeg. = Carex hispida Willd. ex Schkuhr

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Asia-Temperate
Afghanistan, Altay, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, North Caucasus, Pakistan, Palestine, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Yugoslavia
Continental: Europe
Albania, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Central European Russia, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Krym, Netherlands, Northwest European R, Norway, North European Russia, Poland, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya
Continental: Africa
Algeria, Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Morocco, Northern Provinces, Tanzania, Uganda

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Ehrhart, J.F. 1789. Beitrage zur Naturkunde 4: 43.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Carex acutiformis in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Dec 13. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Carex acutiformis. Published online. Accessed: Dec 13 2019.
Tropicos.org 2019. Carex acutiformis. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 13 Dec 2019.
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. [1]

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Sumpf-Segge
eesti: Sootarn
suomi: Hetesara
hrvatski: Močvarni šaš

Carex acutiformis, the lesser pond-sedge,[1] is a species of sedge.

Description

It grows up to 150 centimetres (59 in) tall, with leaves up to 160 cm (63 in) long and 5–20 mm (0.2–0.8 in) wide.[2]
Ecology

It is native to parts of northern and western Europe, where it grows in moist spots in a number of habitat types. In its native European range this species is often associated with the Juncus subnodulosus–Cirsium palustre fen-meadow habitat.[3] It is also a dominant plant in the Carex acutiformis swamp plant association.[4]
References

BSBI List 2007 (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
A. Clive Jermy; David A. Simpson; Michael J. Y. Foley; Michael S. Porter (2007). "Carex acutiformis". Sedges of the British ISles. BSBI Handbook no. 1 (3rd ed.). Botanical Society of the British Isles. pp. 295–297. ISBN 978-0-901158-35-2.
C. Michael Hogan (October 12, 2009). N. Strömberg (ed.). "Marsh Thistle: Cirsium palustre". GlobalTwitcher.com. Archived from the original on December 13, 2012. Retrieved August 3, 2010.
John S. Rodwell, ed. (1998). Aquatic communities, swamps and tall-herb fens. British Plant Communities, Volume 4. p. 160. ISBN 978-0-521-62718-4.

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