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Carex arenaria

Carex arenaria (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Cyperaceae
Subfamilia: Cyperoideae
Tribus: Cariceae
Genus: Carex
Species: Carex arenaria
Name

Carex arenaria L., Sp. Pl.: 973 (1753).
Synonyms

Homotypic
Vignea arenaria (L.) Rchb. in J.C.Mössler & H.G.L.Reichenbach, Handb. Gewächsk. ed. 2, 3: 1618 (1830).
Heterotypic
Carex spadicea Gilib., Exerc. Phyt. 2: 546 (1792), opus utique oppr.
Carex witheringii Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 48 (1821 publ. 1822).
Carex intermedia d'Urv., Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 378 (1822), nom. illeg.
Carex schreberi Desv., Fl. Anjou: 73 (1827), nom. illeg.
Carex sabuletorum M.Bieb. ex Boott, Ill. Gen. Carex 4: 178 (1867).
Carex arenaria var. pseudoarenaria T.Marsson, Fl. Neu-Vorpommern: 523 (1869).
Carex arenaria var. remota T.Marsson, Fl. Neu-Vorpommern: 523 (1869).
Carex arenaria f. pallida Lackow., Fl. Berl., ed. 12: 21 (1901).
Carex arenaria f. pumila Lackow., Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 7: 171 (1901).
Carex arenaria var. spiralis Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 30 (1902).
Carex arenaria var. tenuis Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 30 (1902).
Carex arenaria var. adjunta Merino, Fl. Galicia 3: 163 (1909).
Carex arenaria var. prostrata De Langhe, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 104: 15 (1971).

Homonyms

Carex arenaria Dubois ex Steud., pro syn. = Carex praecox Schreb.
Carex arenaria Leers, sensu auct. = Carex disticha Huds.

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europe
Baltic States, Belgium, Maryland, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Ireland, Netherlands, Northwest European R, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Yugoslavia
Continental: Northern America
Delaware, Maryland, North Carolina, Oregon, Virginia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species plantarum, exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera relatas, cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas. Tomus I. Pp. [I–XII], 1–560. Impensis Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae [Stockholm]. BHL Reference page. : 973.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Carex arenaria in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Dec 13. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Carex arenaria. Published online. Accessed: Dec 13 2019.
Tropicos.org 2019. Carex arenaria. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 13 Dec 2019.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Carex arenaria in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service.

Vernacular names
dansk: Sand-star
Deutsch: Sand-Segge
eesti: Liivtarn
suomi: Hietikkosara
français: Laîche des sables
magyar: Tengerparti sás

Carex arenaria, or sand sedge, is a species of perennial sedge of the genus Carex which is commonly found growing in dunes and other sandy habitats, as the species epithet suggests (Latin arenarius, "sandy"). It grows by long stolons under the soil surface.

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