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Carexlyngbyei

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Cyperaceae
Subfamilia: Cyperoideae
Tribus: Cariceae
Genus: Carex
Species: Carex lyngbyei
Name

Carex lyngbyei Hornem. in G.C.Oeder & al. (eds.), Fl. Dan.: t. 1888 (1827).
Synonyms

Basionym
Carex maritima subsp. lyngbyei (Hornem.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 776 (1882).
Heterotypic
Carex cryptocarpa C.A.Mey., Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 1: 226 (1831).
Carex scouleri Torr., Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 3: 398 (1836).
Carex salina Boott in W.J.Hooker, Fl. Bor.-Amer.: 219 (1839), nom. illeg.
Carex steenstrupii Liebm., Förh. Skand. Naturf. Möte 2: 321 (1840).
Temnemis scouleri (Torr.) Raf., Good Book: 27 (1840).
Carex capillipes Drejer, Naturhist. Tidsskr. 3: 472 (1841).
Carex filipendula Drejer, Naturhist. Tidsskr. 3: 468 (1841).
Carex filipendula var. concolor Drejer, Naturhist. Tidsskr. 3: 468 (1841).
Carex filipendula var. littoralis Drejer, Naturhist. Tidsskr. 3: 468 (1841).
Carex filipendula var. variegata Drejer, Naturhist. Tidsskr. 3: 468 (1841).
Carex romanzowiana Cham. ex Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 216 (1855).
Carex × halophila subsp. cryptocarpa (C.A.Mey.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 776 (1882).
Carex macounii A.Benn. in J.Macoun, Cat. Canad. Pl. 4: 147 (1888), nom. illeg.
Carex salina var. robusta L.H.Bailey, Bot. Gaz. 13: 87 (1888).
Carex cryptocarpa var. pumila L.H.Bailey, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 1: 27 (1889).
Carex maritima subsp. capillipes (Drejer) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 153 (1890).
Carex maritima subsp. cryptocarpa (C.A.Mey.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 153 (1890).
Carex salina var. concolor (Drejer) Almq., Bot. Not (1891): 127 (1891).
Carex qualicumensis L.H.Bailey, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 20: 428 (1893).
Carex cryptocarpa var. variegata (Drejer) Britton, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 5: 76 (1894).
Carex prionocarpa Franch., Bull. Annuel Soc. Philom. Paris, sér. 8, 7: 87 (1895).
Carex salina f. filipendula (Drejer) Almq. in A.H.Hjelt, Consp. Fl. Fennic. 3: 281 (1895).
Carex lyngbyei var. capillipes (Drejer) Kük. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 364 (1909).
Carex lyngbyei var. prionocarpa (Franch.) Kük. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 364 (1909).
Carex lyngbyei var. variegata (Drejer) Kük. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 364 (1909).
Carex pedunculifera Kom., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 13: 163 (1914).
Carex riabushinskii Kom., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 13: 163 (1914).
Carex behringensis Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 295 (1919 publ. 1920), nom. illeg.
Carex lyngbyei var. cryptocarpa (C.A.Mey.) Hultén, Fl. Kamtchatka 1: 188 (1927).
Carex lyngbyei subsp. cryptocarpa (C.A.Mey.) Hultén, Kongl. Svenska Vetensk. Acad. Handl., ser. 3, 5(1): 188 (1927).
Carex lyngbyei subsp. phenocarpa Akiyama, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 47: 69 (1933).
Carex lyngbyei var. gigas Hultén, Fl. Aleutian Isl.: 113 (1937).
Carex lyngbyei subsp. prionocarpa (Franch.) Kitag., Lin. Fl. Manshur.: 105 (1939).
Carex lyngbyei var. robusta (L.H.Bailey) Cronquist in C.L.Hitchcock & al., Vasc. Pl. Pacif. N. W. 1: 287 (1969).


Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Northern America
Alaska, Aleutian Is., British Columbia, California, Froyar, Greenland, Iceland, Japan, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Korea, Kuril Is., Magadan, Oregon, Sakhalin, Washington

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Hornemann, J.W. in G.C.Oeder & al. (eds.) 1827. Flora Danica Icones Plantarum ... Florae Danicae Nomine Inscriptum. Kobenhavn. 11(32): 96, t (1888).

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Carex lyngbyei in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Jan 23. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Carex lyngbyei. Published online. Accessed: Jan 23 2020.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Carex lyngbyei in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Jan 23. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2020. Carex lyngbyei. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Jan 23.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Carex lyngbyei in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 08-Apr-12.

Vernacular names
English: Lyngbye's sedge
français: Carex de Lyngbye
русский: Осока скрытоплодная
svenska: Islandsstarr

Carex lyngbyei is a species of sedge known by the common name Lyngbye's sedge. It is native to the west coast of North America from Alaska to California, where it "is the common sedge of the Pacific coastal salt marshes."[1] It is also known from Greenland[2][3] and Iceland. It prefers to grow in silty sediment rather than sand[4] and in habitat with brackish water, such as salt marshes. This sedge produces stems 25 centimeters to well over one meter tall from a network of long rhizomes. The leaves have reddish brown sheaths which do not have spots. The inflorescence produces stiff, nodding spikes on peduncles. The fruit is coated in a leathery yellowish brown sac called a perigynium. This is a pioneer species, one of the first plants to colonize the mud of tidal flats in its range.[5]
References

Flora of North America
Grønlands flora. Tyge Wittrock Böcher (3. reviderede udgave ed.). København: P. Haase & Sons. 1978. ISBN 87-559-0385-1. OCLC 183098604.
Nordens flora. Bo Mossberg, Lennart Stenberg, Jon Feilberg, Anna Torsteinsrud, Victoria Widmark (Nye, udvidede og omarbejdede udgave ed.). Kbh.: Gyldendal. 2020. ISBN 978-87-02-28916-9. OCLC 1158895781.
Carex Lyngbyei Soil Medium Experiment Archived April 26, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
Washington Plant Data Sheet

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