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Carex vulpina

Carex vulpina (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Cyperaceae
Subfamilia: Cyperoideae
Tribus: Cariceae
Genus: Carex
Species: Carex vulpina
Name

Carex vulpina L., Sp. Pl.: 973 (1753).
Synonyms

Homotypic
Carex compacta Lam., Fl. Franç., ed. 2, 2: 172 (1795), nom. superfl.
Vignea vulpina (L.) Rchb. in J.C.Mössler & H.G.L.Reichenbach, Handb. Gewächsk. ed. 2, 3: 1620 (1830).
Edritria vulpina (L.) Raf., Good Book: 26 (1840).
Carex vulpina var. vulgaris Celak., Prodr. Fl. Böhmen: 731 (1881), not validly publ.
Carex vulpina var. compacta (Lam.) Velen., Fl. Bulg.: 576 (1891).
Carex glomerata Gilib. ex Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 3: 221 (1902), nom. illeg.
Heterotypic
Carex spicata Thuill., Fl. Env. Paris, ed. 2: 480 (1799), nom. illeg.
Carex vulpina var. acuta Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 47 (1821 publ. 1822).
Carex vulpina var. aristata Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 47 (1821 publ. 1822).
Carex vulpina var. decomposita Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 47 (1821 publ. 1822).
Carex vulpina var. gracilis Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 6: 45 (1830).
Carex mertensis Weihe ex Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2: 383 (1837).
Carex reflexa D.Dietr. ex Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2: 384 (1837), nom. illeg.
Vignea vulpina f. capitulata Peterm., Fl. Lips. Excurs.: 53 (1838).
Carex vulpina f. minor Peterm., Anal. Pfl.-Schlüss.: 490 (1846).
Carex vulpina f. elongata Andersson, Pl. Scand. 1: 67 (1849).
Carex vulpina var. tenuior Trevir. in C.F.von Ledebour, Fl. Ross. 4: 275 (1852).
Vignea vulpina var. crassinervis Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 704 (1866).
Carex vulpina f. aristata Asch., Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 17: 570 (1867), nom. illeg.
Carex vulpina var. remotiflora Lange, Bot. Tidsskr. 2: 41 (1868).
Carex vulpina var. divulsa Celak., Prodr. Fl. Böhmen: 731 (1881).
Carex vulpina var. longibracteata Beck, Ann. Wiener Mus. Naturgesch. 2: 61 (1887).
Carex vulpina subsp. stribrnyi Velen., Fl. Bulg., Suppl. 1: 283 (1898).
Carex brotherorum Christ, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 16: 434 (1900).
Carex vulpina var. pallidior Meinsh., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 18: 323 (1901).
Carex vulpina f. laeviuscula Sanio ex Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 37 (1902).
Carex vulpina var. litoralis Nolte ex Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 36 (1902).
Carex vulpina var. crassinervis (Schur) Kük. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 171 (1909).
Carex vulpina var. stribrnyi (Velen.) Kük. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 170 (1909).
Carex vulpina f. capitulata (Peterm.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 369 (1970 publ. 1971).

Homonyms

Carex vulpina Hohen., nom. illeg. = Carex muricata subsp. muricata
Carex vulpina J.Carey ex Dewey, nom. illeg. = Carex conjuncta Boott

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Eurasia
Albania, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Central European Russia, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Kazakhstan, Krym, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Norway, Poland, Romania, South European Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus II: 973. Reference page.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Carex vulpina in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Feb 04. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Carex vulpina. Published online. Accessed: Feb 04 2020.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Carex vulpina in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Feb 04. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2020. Carex vulpina. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Feb 04.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Carex vulpina in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Fuchs-Segge
suomi: Ketunsara
français: Laîche des renards

Carex vulpina, the true fox sedge, is a species in the genus Carex, native to Europe and western Asia.[2] It is difficult to distinguish it from its close relative Carex otrubae, false fox sedge.[3]
References

Sp. Pl.: 973 (1753)
"Carex vulpina L." Plants of the World Online. Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 2017. Retrieved 18 December 2020.
Smith, Colin; Ashton, Paul A. (2006). "Distinction between the sedges Carex vulpina L. and C. otrubae Podp. and the potential for identification of hybrids". Watsonia. 26: 15–25. Retrieved 18 December 2020.

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