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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Celastrales

Familia: Celastraceae
Subfamiliae: Celastroideae – Hippocrateoideae – Parnassioideae – Salacioideae – Stackhousioideae

Genera: AcanthothamnusAllocassineAnthodonApatophyllumApodostigmaArnicrateaBequaertiaBrassianthaBrexiaBrexiellaCampylostemonCanotiaCassineCathaCelastrusCheilocliniumCrossopetalumCuerveaDenhamiaDicarpellumDinghouaElachypteraElaeodendronEmpleuridiumEuonymusEvonymopsisFraunhoferaGlyptopetalumGoniodiscusGymindaGymnosporiaHartogiopsisHaydenoxylonHedraiantheraHelictonemaHexasporaHippocrateaHylenaeaHypsophilaKokoonaLauridiaLepuropetalonLoeseneriellaLophopetalumLydenburgiaMacgregoriaMauroceniaMaytenusMenepetalumMicrotropisMonimopetalumMonteverdiaMortoniaMystroxylonNicobariodendronOrthospheniaParnassiaPaxistimaPeripterygiaPeritassaPlagiopteronPlatypterocarpusPlenckiaPleurostyliaPolycardiaPottingeriaPrionostemmaPristimeraPsammomoyaPseudosalaciaPtelidiumPterocelastrusPutterlickiaQuetzaliaReissantiaRobsonodendronRzedowskiaSalaciaSalacighiaSalaciopsisSalvadoropsisSarawakodendronSchaefferiaSemialariumSimicrateaSiphonodonStackhousiaTetrasiphonThyrsosalaciaTonteleaTorralbasiaTricermaTripterococcusTripterygiumTristemonanthusTrochanthaWilczekraWimmeriaXylonymusZinowiewia

Name

Celastraceae R.Br. in M.Flinders, Voy. Terra Austral. 2: 554. 1814, nom. cons.
Type genus: Celastrus L.

See Discussion Page.
Synonyms

Heterotypic
Parnassiaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 456. 1820.
Type genus: Parnassia L.

References
Primary references

Brown, R. in Flinders, M. 1814. A Voyage to Terra Australis 2: 554.

Additional references

Coughenour, J.M., Simmons, M.P., Lombardi, J.A., Yakobson, K. & Archer, R.H. 2011. Phylogeny of Celastraceae subfamily Hippocrateoideae inferred from morphological characters and nuclear and plastid loci. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 59(2): 320-330. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2011.02.017 Paywall Reference page.
Biral, L., Simmons, M.P., Smidt, E.C., Tembrock, L.R., Bolson, M., Archer, R.H. & Lombardi, J.A. 2017. Systematics of New World Maytenus (Celastraceae) and a New Delimitation of the Genus. Systematic Botany 42(4): 680-693. DOI: 10.1600/036364417X696456 Paywall. PDF Reference page.
Simmons, M.P., McKenna, M.J., Bacon, C.D., Yakobson, K., Cappa, J.J., Archer, R.H. & Ford, A.J. 2012. Phylogeny of Celastraceae tribe Euonymeae inferred from morphological characters and nuclear and plastid genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 62(1): 9-20. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2011.08.022 Paywall Reference page.
Simmons, M.P. & Cappa, J.J. 2013. Wilczekra, a new genus of Celastraceae for a disjunct lineage of Euonymus. Systematic Botany 38: 148–153. DOI: 10.1600/036364413X661881 Paywall Reference page.
Sun, M., Naeem, R., Su, J.X., Cao, Z.Y., Burleigh, J.G., Soltis, P.S., Soltis, D.E. & Chen, Z.D. 2016. Phylogeny of the Rosidae: A dense taxon sampling analysis. Journal of Systematics and Evolution 54(4): 363–391. DOI: 10.1111/jse.12211 Open access Reference page.
Zhang, L.B. & Simmons, M.P. 2006. Phylogeny and delimitation of the Celastrales inferred from nuclear and plastid genes. Systematic Botany 31(1): 122-137. DOI: 10.1600/036364406775971778 Paywall ResearchGate Reference page.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Celastraceae in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Sept. 29. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Celastraceae. Published online. Accessed: Sept. 29 2019.
Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2019. Celastraceae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 29 Sept. 2019.

Vernacular names
العربية: حرابية
asturianu: Celastracees
azərbaycanca: Gərməşovkimilər
беларуская: Брызглінавыя
български: Чашкодрянови
català: Celastràcies
čeština: Jesencovité
dansk: Benved-familien
Deutsch: Spindelbaumgewächse
English: Staff-vine family, Staff-tree family, Bittersweet family
Esperanto: Celastracoj
español: Celastráceas
eesti: Kikkapuulised
فارسی: گوشوارکیان
suomi: Kelaskasvit
français: Célastracées
hrvatski: Kurikovke
hornjoserbsce: Kapralcowe rostliny
magyar: Kecskerágófélék
日本語: ニシキギ科
ქართული: ჭანჭყატისებრნი
한국어: 노박덩굴과
lietuvių: Smaugikiniai augalai
македонски: Курики
മലയാളം: സെലാസ്ത്രേസീ
Nederlands: Kardinaalsmutsfamilie, Kardinaalshoedachtigen
norsk: Spolebuskfamilien
polski: Dławiszowate
русский: Бересклетовые
slovenčina: bršlencovité
తెలుగు: సెలాస్ట్రేసి
ไทย: วงศ์กระทงลาย
українська: Бруслинові
Tiếng Việt: Họ Dây gối
中文(简体): 卫矛科
中文(繁體): 衛矛科

The Celastraceae (syn. Brexiaceae, Canotiaceae, Chingithamnaceae, Euonymaceae, Parnassiaceae, Siphonodontaceae, and Stackhousiaceae), are a family (the staff vine or bittersweet family) of 96 genera and 1,350 species[3] of herbs, vines, shrubs and small trees, belonging to the order Celastrales. The great majority of the genera are tropical, with only Celastrus (the staff vines), Euonymus (the spindles) and Maytenus widespread in temperate climates, and Parnassia (bog-stars) found in alpine and arctic climates.

The roughly 100 genera include (with common names of some members):

Canotia – crucifixion thorn
Catha – khat
Celastrus – staff vine or staff tree
Euonymus – spindle
Maytenus – maiten

Leaves of Loeseneriella africana

Inflorescence of Gymnosporia senegalensis

Genera

A complete list of the genera is:

Acanthothamnus
Allocassine
Anthodon
Apatophyllum
Apodostigma
Arnicratea
Bequaertia
Brassiantha
Brexia
Brexiella
Campylostemon
Canotia
Cassine
Catha
Celastrus
Cheiloclinium
Crocoxylon
Crossopetalum
Cuervea
Denhamia
Dicarpellum
Dinghoua
Elachyptera
Elaeodendron
Empleuridium
Euonymus
Euonymopsis
Fraunhofera
Gloveria
Glyptopetalum
Goniodiscus
Gyminda
Gymnosporia
Hartogiella
Hartogiopsis
Hedraianthera
Helictonema
Hexaspora
Hippocratea
Hylenaea
Hypsophila
Kokoona
Lauridia
Lepuropetalon
Loeseneriella
Lophopetalum
Lydenburgia
Macgregoria
Maurocenia
Maytenus
Menepetalum
Microtropis
Monimopetalum
Mortonia
Moya
Mystroxylon
Nicobariodendron
Orthosphenia
Parnassia
Paxistima
Peripterygia
Peritassa
Plagiopteron
Platypterocarpus
Plenckia
Pleurostylia
Polycardia
Pottingeria
Prionostemma
Pristimera
Psammomoya
Pseudocatha
Pseudosalacia
Ptelidium
Pterocelastrus
Putterlickia
Quetzalia
Reissantia
Robsonodendron
Rzedowskia
Salacia
Salacighia
Salaciopsis
Salvadoropsis
Sarawakodendron
Scandivepres
Schaefferia
Semialarium
Simicratea
Simirestis
Siphonodon
Stackhousia
Tetrasiphon
Thyrosalacia
Tontelea
Torralbasia
Tricerma
Tripterococcus
Tripterygium
Tristemonanthus
Wimmeria
Xylonymus
Zinowiewia

Fossil genera

†Celastrinites

References

Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x.
"Celastraceae R. Br., nom. cons". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2003-01-17. Archived from the original on 2009-05-06. Retrieved 2009-04-16.

Christenhusz, M. J. M. & Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1.

University of Maryland: Cronquist Family Synonymy for Celastraceae

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