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Cephalanthera rubra

Cephalanthera rubra (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Liliopsida
Subclassis: Liliidae
Ordo: Asparagales
Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Epidendroideae
Tribus: Neottieae
Subtribus: Limodorinae
Genus: Cephalanthera
Species: Cephalanthera rubra


Cephalanthera rubra (L.) L.C.M. Richard

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Rotes Waldvöglein
Eesti: Punane tolmpea
English: Red Helleborine
Français: Céphalanthère rouge
Hornjoserbsce: Čerwjena ptačulinka
Lietuvių: Raudonasis garbenis
Magyar: Piros madársisak
Nederlands: Rood bosvogeltje
‪Norsk (bokmål)‬: Rød skogfrue
Polski: Buławnik czerwony
Suomi: Punavalkku


Red Helleborine (Cephalanthera rubra) is an orchid found in Europe, north Africa and parts of Asia. Although reasonably common in parts of its range, this helleborine has always been one of the rarest orchids in Britain.

Distribution and habitat

The Red Helleborine is found throughout most of Europe, east to the Urals and as far as 60 degrees north. It is however rare in Britain, the Low Countries and western France. It also occurs in Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia and in various parts of southern Asia as far east as Iran.[1]

Red Helleborine is a very rare plant in Britain. It is found only at the following sites:

* Workman's Wood, Sheepscombe, Gloucestershire[2][3][4]
* Hawkley Warren, Hampshire[2]
* Windsor Hill SSSI, a woodland just to the east of Princes Risborough in the Chilterns, Buckinghamshire[2][5]

During the 19th and early 20th centuries, the species was recorded from single sites in Somerset, Sussex and Kent, and a second Hampshire site (in the upper Test Valley). The species was also recorded at additional Gloucestershire sites (including Stanley Wood, King's Stanley, now a Woodland Trust woodland), and persisted at some of these into the 1970s.


1. ^ Harrap, Anne and Simon (2005). Orchids of Britain and Ireland: a Field and Site Guide. A&C Black. pp. 134–40. ISBN 071366956X.
2. ^ a b c Species distribution map for Cephalanthera rubra, NBN Gateway, retrieved 25 February 2010
3. ^ Kitchen, Clare, Mark A. R. Kitchen and Ian Carle (2008) Stephen Bishop's New Flora of Gloucestershire Part 2: the distribution maps The Gloucestershire Naturalist No. 14 Gloucestershire Naturalists ' Society, page 232
4. ^ Fisher, John (1991) A colour guide to rare wild flowers ISBN 0-09-470780-4 Constable books, London
5. ^ Ratcliffe, D. A. (1977) A Nature Conservation Review Volume 2. Site Accounts p. 53 ISBN 0521-21403-3

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Source: Wikispecies, Wikipedia: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License