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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Liliales

Familia: Melanthiaceae
Tribus: Chionographideae

Genus: Chionographis
Species: C. actinomorpha


Chionographis is a genus of plants in the Melanthiaceae first described as a genus in 1867.[1][2] This genus is native to China, Japan, and Korea.[3][4]

Chionographis species are perennial flowering plants that grow from rhizomes. They produce a basal rosette of evergreen leaves, from the center of which emerges a flowering scape. The scape produces a spike of many small white flowers. The flowers are zygomorphic in shape, and when perfect have six tepals, one pistil, and six stamens. However, not all individuals have perfect flowers. Many populations feature gynodioecy,[5] and more rarely, androdioecy.[6] They are native to China, Japan, and Korea, and typically grow in moist places in the temperate forests' understory.[7]


Chionographis chinensis K.Krause - Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan
Chionographis hisauchiana (Okuyama) N.Tanaka - Japan
Chionographis japonica (Willd.) Maxim. - Japan, Jeju-do
Chionographis koidzumiana Ohwi - Japan
Chionographis merrilliana H.Hara - Guangdong, Guangxi
Chionographis shiwandashanensis Y.Feng Huang & R.H.Jiang - Guangxi


Maximowicz, Carl Johann. 1867. Bulletin de l'Academie Imperiale des Sciences de St-Petersbourg 11: 435 in Latin
Tropicos Chionographis Maxim.
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Flora of China Vol. 24 Page 88 白丝草属 bai si cao shu Chionographis Maximowicz, Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg. 11: 435. 1867.
Masayuki Maki and Michiko Masuda (1993). "Spatial Autocorrelation of Genotypes in a Gynodioecious Population of Chionographis japonica var. Kurohimensis (Liliaceae)". International Journal of Plant Sciences. 154 (4): 467–472. doi:10.1086/297130. JSTOR 2995623.
Hiroshi Hara (1968). The Journal of Japanese Botany. 43 (9): 257–268. {{cite journal}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
Noriyuki Tanaka (2003). "New Status and Combinations for Japanese Taxa of Chionographis (Melanthiaceae)". Novon. 13 (2): 212–215. doi:10.2307/3393523. JSTOR 3393523.

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