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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Cichorioideae
Tribus: Cichorieae
Subtribus: Chondrillinae
Genus: Chondrilla
Species: C. acanthastra – C. ambigua – C. bosseana – C. canaescens – C. chondrilloides – C. evae – C. gibbirotris – C. graminea – C. juncea – C. kusnezovii – C. laticoronata – C. latifolia – C. leiosperma – C. macra – C. macrocarpa – C. mujunkumensis – C. ornata – C. pauciflora – C. phaeocephala – C. piptocoma – C. ramosissima – C. rouilleiri – C. setulosa – C. spinosa – C. teniuramosa – C. urumoffii – C. yosii
Source(s) of checklist:

Hassler, M. 2018. Chondrilla (Asteraceae). World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 May 20. Reference page.

Name

Chondrilla L., Sp. Pl. 2: 796. 1753.

Type especies: Chondrilla juncea L.

References

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus II: 796. Reference page.

Links

Hassler, M. 2018. Chondrilla. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 May 20. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Chondrilla. Published online. Accessed: May 20 2018.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Chondrilla in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 May 20. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2018. Chondrilla. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 May 20.
Euro+Med 2006 onwards: Chondrilla in Euro+Med PlantBase – the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2016 Jul 24.

Vernacular names
беларуская: Хандрыла
suomi: Piiskasalaatit
հայերեն: Խիժաճարճատուկ
русский: Хондрилла

Chondrilla is a genus of flowering plants in the aster family, Asteraceae.[2][3] They are native to Eurasia, and certain taxa are known as introduced species outside their native range.[4] The best known of these is rush skeletonweed (Chondrilla juncea), a noxious weed established in Africa, Australia, and the Americas.[5]

Chondrilla species produce one or more stems up to 1.5 meters tall from a taproot which can be very deep and highly branched. The basal and lower stem leaves are divided and toothed, and are borne on winged petioles. The upper leaf blades are smaller and simple. The cylindrical flower heads are often solitary but may grow in clusters, and are located along the branches and at the ends. They contain several yellow florets that soon wither. The fruit is a cylindrical, beaked, ribbed cypsela with a pappus of many white bristles.[4]

This genus is closely related to the dandelions of genus Taraxacum. Plants of both genera undergo apomixis, producing fertile seeds via asexual reproduction.[6]

Species[7]

Chondrilla acantholepis
Chondrilla ambigua
Chondrilla aspera
Chondrilla bosseana
Chondrilla brevirostris
Chondrilla canescens
Chondrilla chondrilloides
Chondrilla evae
Chondrilla gibbirostris
Chondrilla hispida
Chondrilla juncea – rush skeletonweed, hogbite
Chondrilla kusnezovii
Chondrilla laticoronata
Chondrilla lejosperma
Chondrilla macra
Chondrilla macrocarpa
Chondrilla maracandica
Chondrilla mariae
Chondrilla mujunkumensis
Chondrilla ornata
Chondrilla pauciflora
Chondrilla phaeocephala
Chondrilla piptocoma
Chondrilla ramosissima
Chondrilla rouillieri
Chondrilla setulosa
Chondrilla spinosa
Chondrilla tenuiramosa
Chondrilla yossii

References

Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist Archived 2014-11-13 at archive.today
Linnaeus, Carl von. 1753. Species Plantarum 2: 796-797 in Latin
Tropicos, Chondrilla L.
Chondrilla. Flora of North America.
Chondrilla juncea. Flora of North America.
Van Dijk, P. J. (2003). Ecological and evolutionary opportunities of apomixis: insights from Taraxacum and Chondrilla. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences 358(1434), 1113-21.
Chondrilla. The Plant List.

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