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Clivia

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Liliopsida
Subclassis: Liliidae
Ordo: Asparagales
Familia: Alliaceae
Tribus: Haemantheae
Genus: Clivia
Species: C. caulescens - C. ×cyrtanthiflora - C. gardenii - C. miniata - C. mirabilis - C. × nimbicola - C. nobilis - C. robusta

Name

Clivia Lindl., 1828.

Synonyms

* Imatophyllum Hook., Bot. Mag. 55: t. 2856. 1828.
* Himantophyllum Spreng., Gen. Pl. 1: 276. 1830.
* Imantophyllum Hook., Bot. Mag. 80: t. 4783. 1854, nom. illeg.


Infrageneric taxa

* Clivia aitonii (Hook.) Gentil
* Clivia caulescens R.A.Dyer
* Clivia cyrtanthiflora (Lindl. ex K.Koch & Fintelm) T.Moore
* Clivia gardenii Hook.
* Clivia gardenii var. citrina Swanev., Truter & A.E.van Wyk
* Clivia miniata Regel
* Clivia miniata (Lindl.) J.F.W.Bosse
* Clivia miniata var. citrina W.Watson
* Clivia miniata var. flava E.Phillips
* Clivia mirabilis Rourke
* Clivia nimbicola Swanev., Truter & A.E.van Wyk
* Clivia nobilis Lindley
* Clivia robusta B.G.Murray, Ran, de Lange, Hammett, Truter & Swanev.
* Clivia robusta var. citrina Swanev., Forb.-Hard., Truter & A.E.van Wyk
* Clivia sulphurea Laing


References

* The International Plant Names Index Clivia.
* Lindley, John, 1828: Botanical Register; Consisting of Coloured Figures of Exotic Plants Cultivated in British Gardens; with their History and Mode of Treatment. London, 14: t. 1182.
* Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: Clivia.
* GBIF .

Vernacular names
Svenska: Mönjeliljesläktet

Clivia (pronounced /ˈklaɪviə/)[1] is a genus of monocot flowering plants native to southern Africa. They are from the family Amaryllidaceae. Common names include Kaffir lily and bush lily.

They are herbaceous evergreen plants, with green, strap-like leaves. Flowers are bell-shaped flowers on a stalk above the foliage, and they are can be any color except blue, black, and brown.[2][not in citation given]


Species

Of the six known species, Clivia miniata is the most widely cultivated, and hybrid varieties with flowers ranging from deep red-orange to pale yellow have been bred by growers.

C. miniata, C. gardenii, C. robusta and C. caulescens seedlings flower after three to four years, while the yellow varieties may take longer. C. nobilis will flower after seven or eight years. It is reported that C. mirabilis also takes about 6 years to flower.

Specimens were gathered by British explorers William Burchell and John Bowie in 1815 and 1820, respectively. Clivia nobilis became the first named species when in 1828 the Kew botanist John Lindley named it in honor of Lady Charlotte Florentia Clive, Duchess of Northumberland (1787–1866)[3] (wife of Hugh Percy, 3rd Duke of Northumberland), who was for a time the governess of the future Queen Victoria.[4][5][6]

Blooming Season

It blooms from February to May (Northern Hemisphere) and July to September in Southern Africa (reference SBN360 00203 X - Jeppe), with appropriate cool treatment, also at Christmas

Watering, Feeding

Water copiously in summer, but avoid soginess. From October to the end of February maintain the resting period. Keep plants almost dry at 46-50 degrees F (8-10 degrees C). From March to July fertilize every 14 days.

Further Culture

When new leaves grow and the flower shaft develops, mist. Dust the leaves occasionally with a damp wad of cotton. Repot young plants yearly in all-purpose potting soil, better to let older ones alone. Cut off dead flowers.

Pests, Diseases

Scale in too warm a winter weather

Tips

If your Clivia does not bloom, it may be because the cool resting period has not been provided, the amount of water was increased too soon in the spring (the flower stalk should be at least 6 inches [15 cm] high), or watering was insufficient during the main growth phase of the flower stalk. Also, it takes 3-6 years for first flowering.

Warning!

Clivias contain poisonous alkaloids.

Notes and references

1. ^ Western Garden Book. Sunset Books. 1995. pp. 606–607. ISBN 0376038519.
2. ^ "Clivias". http://greenplants.ca/clivia_care.html. Retrieved 2009-12-06.
3. ^ Clivia San Marcos Growers. URL accessed April 8, 2006.
4. ^ Clivia Forum. A Clivia discussion Forum.
5. ^ Clivia Indonesia. Indonesia Clivia Forum.
6. ^ Clivia Base. South African Clivia Website.

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License