Clivia Lindl., 1828.
* Imatophyllum Hook., Bot. Mag. 55: t. 2856. 1828.
* Clivia aitonii (Hook.) Gentil
* The International Plant Names Index Clivia.
Clivia (pronounced /ˈklaɪviə/) is a genus of monocot flowering plants native to southern Africa. They are from the family Amaryllidaceae. Common names include Kaffir lily and bush lily.
They are herbaceous evergreen plants, with green, strap-like leaves. Flowers are bell-shaped flowers on a stalk above the foliage, and they are can be any color except blue, black, and brown.[not in citation given]
Of the six known species, Clivia miniata is the most widely cultivated, and hybrid varieties with flowers ranging from deep red-orange to pale yellow have been bred by growers.
C. miniata, C. gardenii, C. robusta and C. caulescens seedlings flower after three to four years, while the yellow varieties may take longer. C. nobilis will flower after seven or eight years. It is reported that C. mirabilis also takes about 6 years to flower.
Specimens were gathered by British explorers William Burchell and John Bowie in 1815 and 1820, respectively. Clivia nobilis became the first named species when in 1828 the Kew botanist John Lindley named it in honor of Lady Charlotte Florentia Clive, Duchess of Northumberland (1787–1866) (wife of Hugh Percy, 3rd Duke of Northumberland), who was for a time the governess of the future Queen Victoria.
It blooms from February to May (Northern Hemisphere) and July to September in Southern Africa (reference SBN360 00203 X - Jeppe), with appropriate cool treatment, also at Christmas
Water copiously in summer, but avoid soginess. From October to the end of February maintain the resting period. Keep plants almost dry at 46-50 degrees F (8-10 degrees C). From March to July fertilize every 14 days.
When new leaves grow and the flower shaft develops, mist. Dust the leaves occasionally with a damp wad of cotton. Repot young plants yearly in all-purpose potting soil, better to let older ones alone. Cut off dead flowers.
Scale in too warm a winter weather
If your Clivia does not bloom, it may be because the cool resting period has not been provided, the amount of water was increased too soon in the spring (the flower stalk should be at least 6 inches [15 cm] high), or watering was insufficient during the main growth phase of the flower stalk. Also, it takes 3-6 years for first flowering.
Clivias contain poisonous alkaloids.
Notes and references
1. ^ Western Garden Book. Sunset Books. 1995. pp. 606–607. ISBN 0376038519.
Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License