Convolvulus

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Solanales
Familia: Convolvulaceae
Genus: Convolvulus
Species: C. althaeoides - C. angustissimus - C. argyrothamnos - C. arvensis - C. assyricus - C. aucheri - C. betonicifolius - C. boissieri - C. calvertii - C. cantabrica - C. caput-medusae - C. carduchorum - C. cassius - C. cataonicus - C. chondrilloides - C. cneorum - C. coelesyriacus - C. dorycnium - C. dryadum - C. durandoi - C. farinosus - C. fatmensis - C. fernandesii - C. floridus - C. fruticulosus - C. galaticus - C. germaniciae - C. gharbensis - C. glandulosus - C. glaouorum - C. glomeratus - C. hamrinensis - C. holosericeus - C. humilis - C. hystrix - C. jordanensis - C. kotschyanus - C. lanatus - C. leucochnous - C. libanoticus - C. lineatus - C. lopezsocasi - C. maireanus - C. mairei - C. massonii - C. mazicum - C. oleifolius - C. palaestinus - C. pentapetaloides - C. perraudieri - C. phrygius - C. pilosellifolius - C. prostratus - C. pseudoscammonia - C. pulvinatus - C. reticulatus - C. sabatius - C. sagittatus - C. scammonia - C. schimperi - C. scoparius - C. secundus - C. siculus - C. spicatus - C. stachydifolius - C. subauriculatus - C. supinus - C. trabutianus - C. tricolor - C. valentinus - C. verecundus - C. vidalii - C. volubilis - C. waitaha - C. wallichianus

Name

Convolvulus L.

Synonyms

* Campanulopsis (Roberty) Roberty, 1964
* Cissampelos ?
* Exocroa Raf., 1836
* Lizeron Raf., 1836
* Nemostima Raf., 1836
* Rhodorhiza Webb
* Rhodoxylon Raf.
* Sciadiara Raf.
* Strophocaulon Small, 1933
* Symethus Raf., 1836

Vernacular names
Internationalization
English: Bindweed
Русский: Вьюнок

Convolvulus (pronounced /kənˈvɒlvuːləs/)[1] is a genus of about 200[2] species of flowering plants in the bindweed family Convolvulaceae, with a cosmopolitan distribution. Common names include bindweed and morning glory, both names shared with other closely related genera.

They are annual or perennial herbaceous vines, bines and (a few species) woody shrubs, growing to 0.3-3 m tall. The leaves are spirally arranged, and the flowers trumpet-shaped, mostly white or pink, but blue, violet, purple or yellow in some species.

Many of the species are problematic weeds, which can swamp other more valuable plants by climbing over them, but some are also deliberately grown for their attractive flowers. However, some other species are globally threatened.

This species occurs in many temperate regions. They are mostly slender, creeping winding vines. A few are small perennials. They have simple, alternate leaves and wide funnel-shaped flowers.

Convolvulus species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the leaf-miner Bucculatrix cantabricella (feeds exclusively on Convolvulus cantabricus), Bedellia annuligera (recorded on Convolvulus arvensis), Bedellia somnulentella and Orthonama obstipata (The Gem).

Selected species

* Convolvulus althaeoides – Mallow Bindweed, Riviera Bindweed
* Convolvulus angustissimus
* Convolvulus arvensis – Lesser Bindweed, Field bindweed
* Convolvulus assyricus
* Convolvulus boissieri
* Convolvulus calvertii
* Convolvulus calycina
* Convulvulus canariensis
* Convolvulus cantabricus
* Convolvulus capensis
* Convolvulus carrii
* Convolvulus cataonnicus
* Convolvulus chilensis
* Convolvulus cneorum – Shrubby Bindweed, Silvery Bindweed, Silverbush
* Convolvulus compactus
* Convolvulus dorycnium
* Convolvulus equitans – Gray Bindweed, Texas Bindweed
* Convolvulus erubescens
* Convolvulus eyreanus
* Convolvulus floridus
* Convolvulus fractosaxosa
* Convolvulus graminetinus
* Convolvulus hermanniae
* Convolvulus holosericeus
* Convolvulus humilis
* Convolvulus incanus
* Convolvulus ipomoeeae – Morning Glory, Moonflower
* Convolvulus lineatus – Pygmy Bindweed
* Convolvulus nodiflorus – Aguinaldo Blanco
* Convolvulus ocellatus
* Convolvulus nyctagineus
* Convolvulus oleifolius
* Convolvulus pentapetaloides
* Convolvulus persicus
* Convolvulus phrygius
* Convolvulus pilosellifolius – Soft Bindweed
* Convolvulus remotus
* Convolvulus sabatius – Blue Rock Bindweed
* Convolvulus scammonia – Scammony
* Convolvulus secundus - [1]
* Convolvulus scoparius
* Convolvulus siculus
* Convolvulus suffruticosus
* Convolvulus tricolor – Dwarf Convolvulus, Dwarf Morning Glory
* Convolvulus valentinus
* Convolvulus verecundus
* Convolvulus waitaha
* Convolvulus wallichianus – Wallich's Bindweed

References

1. ^ Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607
2. ^ Carine, M. A. and L. Robba. (2010). Taxonomy and evolution of the Convolvulus sabatius complex (Convolvulaceae). Phytotaxa 14 1.

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