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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Solanales

Familia: Convolvulaceae
Tribus: Convolvuleae
Genus: Convolvulus
Sectiones: C. sect. Acanthocladi – C. sect. Compacti – C. sect. Convolvulus – C. sect. Inermes – C. sect. Pannosa – C. sect. Rhodorhiza – C. sect. Rigidiramea – C. sect. Solutoracemosa – C. sect. Spinescentes – C. sect. Volubiles
Species overview

Species overview: C. acanthocladus – C. afanassievii – C. aitchisonii – C. althaeoides – C. ammannii – C. ammocharis – C. angustissimus – C. argillicola – C. argyracanthus – C. argyrothamnos – C. arvensis – C. assyricus – C. asyrensis – C. aucheri – C. austroaegyptiacus – C. × beguinotii – C. betonicifolius – C. bidentatus – C. bidrensis – C. blatteri – C. boedeckerianus – C. boissieri – C. bonariensis – C. buschiricus – C. bussei – C. calvertii – C. canariensis – C. cantabrica – C. capensis – C. capituliferus – C. caput-medusae – C. carduchorum – C. cassius – C. cataonicus – C. cateniflorus – C. cephalophorus – C. cephalopodus – C. chaudharyi – C. chilensis – C. chiloensis – C. chondrilloides – C. cirrhosus – C. cladotrichus – C. clementii – C. cneorum – C. coelesyriacus – C. commutatus – C. compactus – C. crassifolius – C. crenatifolius – C. crispifolius – C. × cyprius – C. demissus – C. deserti – C. deserticulus – C. × despreauxii – C. divaricatus – C. dorycnium – C. dregeanus – C. dryadum – C. durandoi – C. equitans – C. eremophilus – C. erinaceus – C. erubescens – C. euphraticus – C. eyreanus – C. farinosus – C. fatmensis – C. fernandesii – C. filipes – C. floridus – C. fractosaxosus – C. fruticosus – C. fruticulosus – C. galapagensis – C. galaticus – C. galpinii – C. georgicus – C. germaniciae – C. gharbensis – C. gilbertii – C. glandulosus – C. glaouorum – C. glomeratus – C. gonocladus – C. gortschakovii – C. gracillimus – C. graminetinus – C. grantii – C. grigorjevii – C. hamphilahensis – C. hamrinensis – C. hasslerianus – C. hermanniae – C. hilsenbergianus – C. hirsutiflorus – C. holosericeus – C. humilis – C. hystrix – C. itatiayensis – C. jefferyi – C. jemensis – C. jordanensis – C. kilimandschari – C. koieanus – C. konyacus – C. korolkowii – C. kotschyanus – C. krauseanus – C. laciniatus – C. lanatus – C. lanjouwii – C. lanuginosus – C. lapathifolius – C. leiocalycinus – C. leptocladus – C. leucochnous – C. libanoticus – C. lilloi – C. lindbergii – C. lineatus – C. linoides – C. longipedunculatus – C. lopezsocasii – C. maireanus – C. mairei – C. massonii – C. mazicum – C. meonanthus – C. microcalyx – C. microsepalus – C. multifidus – C. natalensis – C. ocellatus – C. oleifolius – C. olgae – C. omanensis – C. oppositifolius – C. oreophilus – C. ottonis – C. oxyphyllus – C. oxysepalus – C. palaestinus – C. palustris – C. pentapetaloides – C. perraudieri – C. persicus – C. philippsiae – C. phrygius – C. piliferus – C. pilosellifolius – C. pitardii – C. prostratus – C. pseudocantabrica – C. pulvinatus – C. pyrrhotrichus – C. rectangularis – C. recurvatus – C. remotus – C. reticulatus – C. retrosepalus – C. rhyniospermus – C. rottlerianus – C. rozynskii – C. ruspolii – C. sabatius – C. sagittatus – C. sarmentosus – C. sarothrocladus – C. scammonia – C. schimperi – C. schirazianus – C. scindicus – C. scoparius – C. scopulatus – C. secundus – C. selloi – C. sericocephalus – C. sericophyllus – C. siculus – C. simulans – C. sinuatodentatus – C. sistanicus – C. somalensis – C. spicatus – C. spinosus – C. stachydifolius – C. stapfii – C. stenocladus – C. steppicola – C. steudneri – C. stocksii – C. subauriculatus – C. subsericeus – C. subspathulatus – C. suendermannii – C. supinus – C. taquetii – C. tedmoorei – C. thunbergii – C. thymoides – C. trabutianus – C. tragacanthoides – C. translucens – C. tricolor – C. truncatus – C. tshegemensis – C. tujuntauensis – C. turcomanicus – C. turrillianus – C. ulicinus – C. urosepalus – C. valentinus – C. verdcourtianus – C. verecundus – C. vidalii – C. virgatus – C. vollesenii – C. volubilis – C. waitaha – C. wimmerensis – C. zargarianus

Name

Convolvulus L., Sp. Pl. 1: 153. 1753; Gen Pl., ed. 5: 76. 1754.

Type species: Convolvulus arvensis L., designated by A.S.Hitchcock (1929: 130)

Synonyms

Homotypic
Convolvulus subg. Euconvolvulus Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 10: 357. 1908 [1].
Lizeron Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 70. 1838.
Strophocaulos Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 1091. 1933.

Heterotypic
Bucharea Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 84. 1838.
Type species: B. maderensis Raf.
Campanulopsis (Roberty) Roberty, Boissiera 10: 149. 1964.
Type species: C. tricolor (L.) Roberty
Cleisostoma Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 80. 1838, nom. illeg. non Blume (1825).
Type species: C. villosum Raf.
Codochisma Raf., Ann. Gen. Sci. Phys. 8: 271. 1821.
Type species: C. pentapetaloides L.
Codosiphus Raf., Ann. Gen. Sci. Phys. 8: 271. 1821.
Type species: non design.
Emulina Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 81. 1838.
Type species: E. parviflora Raf.
Exallosis Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 83. 1838.
Type species: E. biflora Raf.
Exocroa Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 80. 1838.
Type species: E. egyptiaca Raf., nom. illeg.
Idalia Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 76. 1838.
Type species: I. albiflora Raf., nom. illeg.
Latrienda Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 81. 1838.
Type species: non design.
Nemostima Raf., Fl. Tell. 4: 82. 1838.
Type species: N. cantabrica (L.) Raf.
Pantocsekia Griseb. ex Pant., Oesterr. Bot. Z. 23: 267. 1873, nom. rej.
Convolvulus sect. Pantocsekia Griseb. ex Pant.) Benth. & Hook.f., Gen. Pl. 2(2): 875. 1876.
Type species: P. illyrica Griseb. ex Pant.
Periphas Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 85. 1838.
Type species: P. pannifolius (Salisb.) Raf.
Podaletra Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 79. 1838.
Type species: P. farinosa (L.) Raf.
Rhodorhiza Webb in Lindl., Bot. Reg. 27 Misc. 69. 1841.
Type species: R. scoparia (L.f.) Webb & Berthel.
Rhodoxylon Raf., Fl. Tell. 4: 79. 1838 publ. 1836.
Type species: R. scoparium (L.f.) Raf.
Sciadiara Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 70. 1838.
Type species: non design.
Stevogtia Neck., Elem. Bot. (Necker) 2: 23. 1790, nom. inval., opus utiq. oppr.
Type species: non design.
Symethus Raf., Fl. Tell. 4: 83. 1836 publ. 1838.
Type species: S. siculus (L.) Raf.

References
Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 153. Reference page.
Linnaeus, C. 1754. Genera Plantarum, ed. 5: 76. Reference page.

Additional references

Hitchcock, A.S. & Green, M.L. 1929. Standard species of Linnaean genera of Phanerogamae (1753–1754). pp. 111–195 in International Botanical Congress. Cambridge (England), 1930. Nomenclature. Proposals by British Botanists. His Majesty's Stationery Office, London. Biblioteca Digital Reference page.
Carine, M.A. 2004. Relationships of the Macaronesian and Mediterranean floras: molecular evidence for multiple colonizations into Macaronesia and back-colonization of the continent in Convolvulus (Convolvulaceae). American Journal of Botany 91: 1070–1085. Abstract.
Carine, M.A. & Robba, L. 2010. Taxonomy and evolution of the Convolvulus sabatius complex (Convolvulaceae). Phytotaxa 14: 1–21. Abstract
Wood, J.R.I., Williams, B.R.M., Mitchell, T.C., Carine, M.A., Harris, D.J. & Scotland, R.W. 2015. A foundation monograph of Convolvulus L. (Convolvulaceae). PhytoKeys 51: 1–282. DOI: 10.3897/phytokeys.51.7104 PDF. Reference page.

Links

International Plant Names Index. 2012. Convolvulus. Published online. Accessed: 27. Oct. 2012.
Tropicos.org 2012. Convolvulus. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2012 Oct. 27.

Vernacular names
العربية: لبلاب
azərbaycanca: Sarmaşıq
беларуская: Бярозка
català: Corretjola
کوردی: لاولاو
čeština: svlačec
Чӑвашла: Йытпырши
dansk: Snerle
Deutsch: Winden
dolnoserbski: Pówitka
English: Bindweed
Esperanto: Konvolvulo
eesti: Kassitapp
فارسی: پیچک
suomi: Kierrot
galego: Correola
हिन्दी: शंखपुष्पी
hornjoserbsce: Wijawka
հայերեն: Պատատուկ
Ido: Konvolvulo
ქართული: ხვართქლა
қазақша: Шырмауық
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကောက်ရိုးနွယ်
Nederlands: Winde
Diné bizaad: Nahooyéí
Ирон: Нывдзæг
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਸ਼ੰਖਪੁਸ਼ਪੀ
polski: Powój
Piemontèis: Giass
پنجابی: چکر کٹدی
русский: Вьюнок
slovenčina: pupenec
svenska: Vindesläktet
తెలుగు: కన్వాల్వులస్
українська: Берізка
中文: 旋花属

Convolvulus /kənˈvɒlvjuːləs/[1] is a genus of about 200[2] to 250[3][4] species of flowering plants in the bindweed family Convolvulaceae,[5] with a cosmopolitan distribution. Common names include bindweed and morning glory; both names shared with other closely related genera.

Description

They are annual or perennial herbaceous vines, bines and (a few species of) woody shrubs, growing to 0.3–3 m tall. The leaves are spirally arranged, and the flowers trumpet-shaped, mostly white or pink, but blue, violet, purple, or yellow in some species.
Ecology

Many of the species are invasive weeds; but others are cultivated for their attractive flowers, while some are globally threatened.

Convolvulus species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, including the convolvulus hawk moth, the sweet potato leaf miner (Bedellia somnulentella) and the gem; the leaf miner Bucculatrix cantabricella feeds exclusively on C. cantabricus.
Gallery

C. dorycnium

C. sabatius

Cultivated C. tricolor

C. althaeoides

C. arvensis

Seed under a microscope

See also

List of Convolvulus species

References

Sunset Western Garden Book. 1995. 606–07.
Carine, M. A. and L. Robba. (2010). Taxonomy and evolution of the Convolvulus sabatius complex (Convolvulaceae). Phytotaxa 14 1.
Convolvulus. Flora of China.
Convolvulus. The Jepson eFlora. 2013.
Parnell, J. and Curtis, T. 2012. Webb's An Irish Flora. Cork University Press. ISBN 978-185918-4783

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