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Convolvulus tricolor

Convolvulus tricolor (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Solanales

Familia: Convolvulaceae
Tribus: Convolvuleae
Genus: Convolvulus
Sectio: C. sect. Inermes
Subectio: Convolvulus subsect. Diffusi
Species: Convolvulus tricolor
Subspecies: C. t. subsp. cupanianus – C. t. subsp. tricolor
Name

Convolvulus tricolor L., Sp. Pl.: 158. 1753.
Synonyms

Homotypic
Convolvulus versicolor Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 125 (1796), nom. superfl.
Campanulopsis tricolor (L.) Roberty, Boissiera 10: 149 (1964).

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europe
Regional: Southern Europe
Baleares, Corsica, France, Spain, Italy, Portugal, Sicily, Croatia
Continental: Africa
Regional: Northern Africa
Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Libya

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 158. Reference page.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Convolvulus tricolor in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 November 05. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2019. Convolvulus tricolor. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2019. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 November 05. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Convolvulus tricolor. Published online. Accessed: November 05 2019.
Tropicos.org 2019. Convolvulus tricolor. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 November 05.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Convolvulus tricolor in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.
Euro+Med Plantbase. Accessed 2009 April 13 [1]

Vernacular names
English: Dwarf Morning Glory
español: Dondiego de día, Maravilla
suomi: Kirjokierto
svenska: Blåvinda

Convolvulus tricolor (syn. C. minor) is a species of flowering plant in the family Convolvulaceae, native to Mediterranean Europe. Common names include dwarf morning-glory,[1] tricolour convolvulus,[2] and belle de jour.

Description

It is a short to medium annual plant with solitary long-stalked flowers. The flower is a tri-coloured funnel-shaped bloom about three centimeters wide, blue with white and a yellow centre.
Taxonomy
Synonyms

Convolvulus maroccanus Batt.
Convolvulus meonanthus Hoffmanns. & Link
Convolvulus minor
Convolvulus pseudotricolor Bertol.

Subspecies

Convolvulus tricolor subsp. hortensis (Batt.) Maire
Convolvulus tricolor subsp. meonanthus (Hoffmanns. & Link) Maire
Convolvulus tricolor subsp. pentapetaloides (L.) O.Bolòs & Vigo
Convolvulus tricolor subsp. tricolor L.[3]

O. Bolòs et J. Vigoe distinguish Convolvulus tricolor ssp. pentapetaloides (L.) O.Bolòs & Vigo, found in the Balearic isles, from the type subspecies (Convolvulus tricolor ssp tricolor) by flowers that are smaller (7–10 mm), and both the calyx and the capsule having few or no hairs.[4]
Habitat

Common on cultivated land, dry open habitats, sandy places and roadsides. Soil must be warmed to at least 64 °F to grow without any issues.
Distribution

This flowering plant is native to the Mediterranean Basin, particularly the south, but it is occasionally seen in other areas of similar climate. In Spain it can be found in the Balearic Islands,[4] and Andalusia, especially in the Costa del Sol.[5]
Cultivation

Convolvulus tricolor is usually cultivated for ornamental purposes. The species[6] and the cultivar 'Blue Ensign'[7] have both received the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.
References

USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Convolvulus tricolor". The PLANTS Database (plants.usda.gov). Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
BSBI List 2007 (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
Convolvulus tricolor Real Jardín Botánico: Proyecto Anthos
Herbario Virtual: Convolvulus tricolor L. subsp. pentapetaloides
García Guardia, G. (1988). Flores Silvestres de Andalucía. Alcorcón:Rueda. ISBN 84-7207-049-2.
"Convolvulus tricolor". RHS. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
"Convolvulus tricolor 'Blue Ensign'". RHS. Retrieved 12 April 2020.

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