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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Danthonioideae
Tribus: Danthonieae
Genus: Cortaderia
Species: C. araucana – C. archboldii – C. atacamensis – C. bifida – C. boliviensis – C. columbiana – C. hapalotricha – C. hieronymi – C. jubata – C. modesta – C. nitida – C. peruviana – C. pilosa – C. planifolia – C. pungens – C. roraimensis – C. rudiuscula – C. selloana – C. sericantha – C. speciosa – C. vaginata
Name

Cortaderia Stapf, Gard. Chron., III, 22: 396 (1897) nom. cons.

Type species: Cortaderia selloana (Schult. & Schult.f.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 325 (1900)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Moorea Lem., Ill. Hort. 2(Misc.): 15 (1855), nom. inval.
Lamprothyrsus Pilg., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37(85): 58 (1906).

References

Stapf, O. (1897) The Gardeners' Chronicle: a weekly illustrated journal of horticulture and allied subjects. ser. 3 22(570): 378, 396.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2013. Cortaderia in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 6. Reference page.
Simon, B.K., Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T., Vorontsova, M., Brake, I., Healy, D. & Alfonso, Y. 2013. GrassWorld, Cortaderia. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 6.
International Plant Names Index. 2013. Cortaderia. Published online. Accessed: 6 Nov. 2013.
Tropicos.org 2013. Cortaderia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 6.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Cortaderia Stapf in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 2013-11-15.
Cortaderia Stapf – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).
Cortaderia – Taxon details on National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI).
EOL: Cortaderia

Vernacular names
English: Pampas Grass
suomi: Pampaheinät
magyar: Pampafű
日本語: シロガネヨシ属

Cortaderia is a genus of South American and Central American plants in the Poaceae grass family.[4][5]

Etymology

The common name pampas grass, though strictly referring to C. selloana, is frequently applied to all species in the genus (and sometimes also to species of Erianthus and Saccharum ravennae). The name of the genus is derived from the Argentine Spanish word cortadera, which in turn refers to the sharp serrations on the leaves.[6] Cortaderia jubata and C. rudiuscula produce copious seed asexually.
Description

The species of Cortaderia are imposing tall grasses growing 1.5–3 m tall, with graceful white inflorescence plumes. They are in widespread use as ornamental plants.

Species[3]

Cortaderia araucana Stapf - Chile, Argentina
Cortaderia atacamensis (Phil.) Pilg. - Chile, Argentina, Bolivia
Cortaderia bifida Pilg. - Costa Rica, Panama, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia
Cortaderia boliviensis M.Lyle - Bolivia
Cortaderia columbiana (Pilg.) Pilg. - Venezuela, Colombia
Cortaderia hapalotricha (Pilg.) Conert - Costa Rica, Panama, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia
Cortaderia hieronymi (Kuntze) N.P.Barker & H.P.Linder - Bolivia, Peru, Argentina
Cortaderia jubata (Lemoine ex Carrière) Stapf – Andean pampas grass - Andes of Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Argentina; naturalized in Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Oregon, California, Hawaii
Cortaderia modesta (Döll) Hack. ex Dusén - southern Brazil
Cortaderia nitida (Kunth) Pilg. - Costa Rica, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
Cortaderia peruviana (Hitchc.) N.P.Barker & H.P.Linder - Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia
Cortaderia pilosa (d'Urv.) Hack. - Chile, Argentina, Falkland Islands
Cortaderia planifolia Swallen - Colombia, Peru
Cortaderia pungens Swallen - Colombia, Peru, Venezuela
Cortaderia roraimensis (N.E.Br.) Pilg. - Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, northwestern Brazil
Cortaderia rudiuscula Stapf - Andes of Chile, Argentina, Peru, Bolivia
Cortaderia selloana (Schult. & Schult.f.) Asch. & Graebn. – pampas grass - Chile, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, Bolivia; naturalized in parts of northern South America, Mesoamerica, West Indies, southern USA, Australia, New Zealand, Mediterranean Basin, etc.
Cortaderia sericantha (Steud.) Hitchc. - Colombia, Peru
Cortaderia speciosa (Nees) Stapf - Chile, Argentina, Bolivia
Cortaderia vaginata Swallen - southern Brazil

formerly included[3]

see Austroderia Chionochloa Chusquea Phragmites

Cortaderia archboldii - Chionochloa archboldii
Cortaderia conspicua - Chionochloa conspicua
Cortaderia egmontiana - Phragmites australis
Cortaderia fulvida - Austroderia fulvida
Cortaderia quila - Chusquea quila
Cortaderia richardii - Austroderia richardii
Cortaderia splendens - Austroderia splendens
Cortaderia toetoe - Austroderia toetoe
Cortaderia turbaria - Austroderia turbaria

References

Stapf, Otto 1897. Gardeners' Chronicle: a weekly illustrated journal of horticulture and allied subjects. ser. 3 22(570): 378, 396 in English
"Genus: Cortaderia Stapf". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-10-05. Archived from the original on 2011-06-29. Retrieved 2011-02-26.
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Connor HE (1973). "Breeding Systems in Cortaderia (Gramineae)". Evolution. 27 (4): 663–678. doi:10.2307/2407199. JSTOR 2407199.
Connor HE (1983). "Names and Types in Cortaderia Stapf (Gramineae) II". Taxon. 32 (4): 633–634. doi:10.2307/1221742. JSTOR 1221742.
Quattrocchi, Umberto (2006). CRC World Dictionary of Grasses. II E-O. CRC Press. p. 522. ISBN 978-0-8493-1303-5.

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