Cosmos

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Asterales
Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Asteroideae
Tribus: Coreopsideae
Genus: Cosmos
Sectiones: C. sect. Cosmos - C. sect. Discopoda - C. sect. Mesinenia

Name

Cosmos Cav., 1791.

Typus: C. bipinnatus Cav.

Synonyms

Homotypic

* Cosmea Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4 (Willdenow) 3(3): 2250. 1803, nom. illeg.


References

* Cavanilles, A.J. 1791. Icones et Descriptiones Plantarum, quae aut sponte... 1: 9. t. 14.
* Farr, E. R. & Zijlstra, G. eds. (1996-) Index Nominum Genericorum (Plantarum). 2010 Febr 15 [1].
* Sherff, E.E. 1933. Revision of the genus Cosmos. Bot. Ser. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. 8: 401-447.


Vernacular name
Svenska: Rosenskäresläktet
Türkçe: Kozmos

Name

Cosmos Cav.

Cosmos is a genus, with the same common name of Cosmos, of about 20–26 species of annual and perennial plants in the family Asteraceae.


Range

Cosmos is native to scrub and meadow areas in Mexico where most of the species occur, Florida and the southern United States, Arizona, Central America, and to South America in the north to Paraguay in the south.

Description

Cosmos are herbaceous perennial plants growing 0.3–2 m tall. The leaves are simple, pinnate, or bipinnate, and arranged in opposite pairs. The flowers are produced in a capitulum with a ring of broad ray florets and a center of disc florets; flower color is very variable between the different species. The genus includes several ornamental plants popular in gardens. Numerous hybrids and cultivars have been selected and named.

Selected species

* Cosmos atrosanguineus (Hook.) Voss – Chocolate Cosmos
* Cosmos bipinnatus Cav. – Garden Cosmos
* Cosmos caudatus Kunth – Ulam Raja
* Cosmos parviflorus (Jacq.) Pers. – Southwestern Cosmos
* Cosmos scabiosoides Kunth
* Cosmos sulphureus Cav. – Sulphur Cosmos[2][3]


References

1. ^ "Genus Cosmos Cav.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1998-09-07. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/genus.pl?2986. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
2. ^ "GRIN Species Records of Cosmos". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/splist.pl?2986. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
3. ^ "Cosmos". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=37161. Retrieved 2011-02-13.

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