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Crataegus azarolus

Crataegus azarolus , Germasogeia (Yermasoyia), Cyprus, Photo: Augusta Stylianou, Artist

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Rosales
Familia: Rosaceae
Subfamilia: Maloideae
Genus: Crataegus
Species: Crataegus azarolus


Crataegus azarolus L.

Crataegus azarolus , Germasogeia (Yermasoyia), Cyprus, Photo: Augusta Stylianou, Artist

Vernacular names
Українська: Глід плодовий


* Species Plantarum 1:477. 1753
* USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. [1]


Crataegus azarolus is a species of hawthorn known by the common names azarole, mosphilla, and Mediterranean medlar. It is native to the Mediterranean Basin and it is grown there and elsewhere as an ornamental tree and for its fruit. It has been used historically for a number of medicinal purposes.[3]

C. azarolus is often divided into subspecies or varieties, for example Christensen in his monograph[1] uses four varieties:

* C. azarolus var. azarolus
* C. azarolus var. aronia
* C. azarolus var. chlorocarpa
* C. azarolus var. pontica


1. ^ a b Christensen, K.I. (1992) Revision of Crataegus sect. Crataegus and nothosect. Crataeguineae (Rosaceae-Maloideae) in the Old World. The American Society of Plant Taxonomists, Ann Arbor, Michigan, U.S.A.
2. ^ Plants for a Future PFAF (page 1)
3. ^ Ljubuncic, P., et al. (2005). Antioxidant activity of Crataegus aronia aqueous extract used in traditional Arab medicine in Israel. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 101:1 153-61.

Further reading

* Hadjimitsi, E. and I. Zabetakis. (2005). The aroma of jam prepared from fruits of mosphilla (Crataegus azarolus L.). Flavour and Fragrance Journal 20:5 507-11.
* Phipps, J.B., O’Kennon, R.J., and Lance, R.W. (2003) Hawthorns and medlars. Royal Horticultural Society, Cambridge, U.K.

Augusta Stylianou Photos

Plants of Cyprus

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Biology Encyclopedia

Source: Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License