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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Crotalarieae
Genera: AspalathusBolusiaCalobotaCrotalariaEuchloraEzolobaLebeckiaLeobordeaListiaLotononisPearsoniaRafniaRobynsiophytonRothiaWiborgiaWiborgiella


Crotalarieae Hutch., Gen. Fl. Pl. 1: 364. (1964)

Type genus: Crotalaria L. Sp. Pl. 2: 714. (1753) nom. cons.

Note: The above circumscription appears not to have universal acceptance - see discussion page.
Primary references

Hutchinson, J., 1964. Genera of Flowering Plants 1: 364.

Additional references

Boatwright, J.S., Tilney, P.M. & Van Wyk, B.E. 2009. The generic concept of Lebeckia (Crotalarieae, Fabaceae): reinstatement of the genus Calobota and the new genus Wiborgiella. South African Journal of Botany 75(3): 546–556. DOI: 10.1016/j.sajb.2009.06.001 Full text PDF Reference page.
Boatwright, J.S., Wink, M. & van Wyk, B.E. 2011. The generic concept of Lotononis (Crotalarieae, Fabaceae): Reinstatement of the genera Euchlora, Leobordea and Listia and the new genus Ezoloba. Taxon 60(1): 161–177. Full text PDF Reference page.
The Legume Research Group 2016. Crotalarieae in the Legumes of the World. Accessed 30 Jan. 2016.


Tropicos.org 2016. Crotalarieae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 11 Mar. 2016.

Vernacular names
русский: Кроталяриевые

Crotalarieae is a tribe of flowering plants belonging to the family Fabaceae. It includes rooibos (Aspalathus linearis), harvested for sale as a tisane.


The Crotalarieae arose 31.2 ± 3.4 million years ago (in the Oligocene).[3][4] The members of this tribe consistently form a monophyletic clade in molecular phylogenetic analyses.[3][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16] The tribe does not currently have a node-based definition and no morphological synapomorphies have been identified.[5][7] Several genera in the tribe produce quinolizidine alkaloids or macrocyclic pyrrolizidine alkaloids.[12][17][18]

Crotalarieae comprises the following genera:[19][20][21][22]

Aspalathus L.
Bolusia Benth.
Calobota Eckl. & Zeyh.
Crotalaria L.
Euchlora Eckl. & Zeyh.
Ezoloba B.-E. van Wyk & Boatwr.
Lebeckia Thunb.
Leobordea Del.
Listia E. Mey.
Lotononis (DC.) Eckl. & Zeyh.
Pearsonia Dummer
Rafnia Thunb.
Robynsiophyton R.Wilczek
Rothia Pers.
Wiborgia Thunb.
Wiborgiella Boatwr. & B.-E. van Wyk


Wojciechowski MF (2013). "Towards a new classification of Leguminosae: Naming clades using non-Linnaean phylogenetic nomenclature". S Afr J Bot. 89: 85–93. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.06.017.
van Wyk B.-E. (2013). "Kew entry for Crotalarieae". www.kew.org. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London, England. Retrieved 31 March 2014.[permanent dead link]
Boatwright JS; Savolainen V; Van Wyk B-E; Schutte-Vlok AL; Forest F; Van der Bank M (2008). "Systematic position of the anomalous genus Cadia and the phylogeny of the tribe Podalyrieae (Fabaceae)". Syst Bot. 33 (1): 133–147. doi:10.1600/036364408783887500. S2CID 53341490.
Lavin M, Herendeen PS, Wojciechowski MF (2005). "Evolutionary rates analysis of Leguminosae implicates a rapid diversification of lineages during the tertiary". Syst Biol. 54 (4): 575–94. doi:10.1080/10635150590947131. PMID 16085576.
Cardoso D, Pennington RT, de Queiroz LP, Boatwright JS, Van Wyk BE, Wojciechowski MF, Lavin M (2013). "Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes". S Afr J Bot. 89: 58–75. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.05.001.
Boatwright JS, le Roux MM, Wink M, Morozova T, van Wyk BE (2008). "Phylogenetic relationships of tribe Crotalarieae (Fabaceae) inferred from DNA sequences and morphology". Syst Bot. 33 (4): 752–761. doi:10.1600/036364408786500271. JSTOR 40211942. S2CID 85801868.
Cardoso D, de Queiroz LP, Pennington RT, de Lima HC, Fonty É, Wojciechowski MF, Lavin M (2012). "Revisiting the phylogeny of papilionoid legumes: new insights from comprehensively sampled early-branching lineages". Am J Bot. 99 (12): 1991–2013. doi:10.3732/ajb.1200380. PMID 23221500. Archived from the original on 2017-08-28. Retrieved 2014-03-03.
Käss E, Wink M (1996). "Molecular evolution of the Leguminosae: Phylogeny of the three subfamilies based on rbcL-sequences". Biochem Syst Ecol. 24 (5): 365–378. doi:10.1016/0305-1978(96)00032-4.
Käss E, Wink M (1997). "Phylogenetic Relationships in the Papilionoideae (Family Leguminosae) Based on Nucleotide Sequences of cpDNA (rbcL) and ncDNA (ITS 1 and 2)". Mol Phylogenet Evol. 8 (1): 65–88. doi:10.1006/mpev.1997.0410. PMID 9242596.
Doyle JJ, Doyle JL, Ballenger JA, Dickson EE, Kajita T, Ohashi H (1997). "A phylogeny of the chloroplast gene rbcL in the Leguminosae: taxonomic correlations and insights into the evolution of nodulation". Am J Bot. 84 (4): 541–554. doi:10.2307/2446030. JSTOR 2446030. PMID 21708606.
Doyle JJ, Chappill JA, Bailey CD, Kajita T (2000). "Towards a comprehensive phylogeny of legumes: evidence from rbcL sequences and non-molecular data". In Herendeen PS, Bruneau A (eds.). Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 9. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. pp. 1–20. ISBN 978-1842460177.
Wink M, Mohamed GI (2003). "Evolution of chemical defense traits in the Leguminosae: mapping of distribution patterns of secondary metabolites on a molecular phylogeny inferred from nucleotide sequences of the rbcL gene". Biochem Syst Ecol. 31 (8): 897–917. doi:10.1016/S0305-1978(03)00085-1.
Wojciechowski MF, Lavin M, Sanderson MJ (2004). "A phylogeny of legumes (Leguminosae) based on analysis of the plastid matK gene resolves many well-supported subclades within the family". Am J Bot. 91 (11): 1846–1862. doi:10.3732/ajb.91.11.1846. PMID 21652332.
Crisp MD, Gilmore S, Van Wyk BE (2000). "Molecular phylogeny of the genistoid tribes of papilionoid legumes". In Herendeen PS, Bruneau A (eds.). Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 9. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. pp. 249–276. ISBN 978-1842460177.
Kajita T, Ohashi H, Tateishi Y, Bailey CD, Doyle JJ (2001). "rbcL and legume phylogeny, with particular reference to Phaseoleae, Millettieae and allies". Syst Bot. 26 (3): 515–536. doi:10.1043/0363-6445-26.3.515 (inactive 28 February 2022). JSTOR 3093979.
LPWG [Legume Phylogeny Working Group] (2013). "Legume phylogeny and classification in the 21st century: progress, prospects and lessons for other species-rich clades" (PDF). Taxon. 62 (2): 217–248. doi:10.12705/622.8. hdl:10566/3455.
Van Wyk B.E. (2003). "The value of chemosystematics in clarifying relationships in the Genistoid tribes of papilionoid legumes". Biochem Syst Ecol. 31 (8): 875–884. doi:10.1016/S0305-1978(03)00083-8.
Van Wyk BE, Verdoorn GH (1990). "Alkaloids as taxonomic characters in the tribe Crotalarieae (Fabaceae)". Biochem Syst Ecol. 18 (7–8): 503–515. doi:10.1016/0305-1978(90)90122-V.
Van Wyk BE, Schutte AL (1995). "Phylogenetic relationships of the tribes Podalyrieae, Liparieae and Crotalarieae". In Crisp MD, Doyle JJ (eds.). Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 7: Phylogeny. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. pp. 283–308. ISBN 978-0947643799.
Boatwright JS, Wink M, van Wyk BE (2011). "The generic concept of Lotononis (Crotalarieae, Fabaceae): Reinstatement of the genera Euchlora, Leobordea and Listia and the new genus Ezoloba". Taxon. 60 (1): 161–77. doi:10.1002/tax.601014.
Boatwright JS, Tilney PM, Van Wyk BE (2009). "The generic concept of Lebeckia (Crotalarieae, Fabaceae): reinstatement of the genus Calobota and the new genus Wiborgiella". S Afr J Bot. 75 (3): 546–556. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2009.06.001.
USDA; ARS; National Genetic Resources Program (2003). "GRIN genus records of Crotalarieae". Germplasm Resources Information Network—(GRIN) [Online Database]. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 3 March 2014.

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