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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Bignoniaceae
Tribus: Bignonieae
Genus: Cydista
Species:
C. aequinoctialis - C. diversifolia

Name

Cydista Miers

Cydista is a genus that consists of more than twenty species of lowland, showy, evergreen, ornamental shrubs and woody vines, ranging from central and southern Mexico to Paraguay and eastern Brazil. The genus is characterized by the lack of a nectariferous disk and is associated with the multiple-bang flowering syndrome. All species are lianas with clusters of funnelform flowers, blooming twice a year in spring and fall. The flowers start of purple and change to a lighter shade of lavender with age, then fading to almost white, followed by linear oblong fruits and winged seeds. The plants are multi-stemmed with opposite, oval, glossy, dark-green leaves and 2 leaflets, and climb by tendrils arise from the leaf axils. Leaves smell like garlic when crushed.

Species

Cydista aequinoctialis (L.) Miers syn. Bignonia aequinoctialis (Garlic vine)
Cydista amoena Miers
Cydista bracteomana K.Schum. ex Sprague
Cydista decora (S.Moore) A.H.Gentry
Cydista difficilis (Cham.) Miers
Cydista diversifolia (Kunth) Miers
Cydista incarnata (Aubl.) Miers
Cydista lilacina A.H.Gentry
Cydista picta (Kunth) Miers
Cydista potosina (K.Schum. & Loes.) Loes.
Cydista praepensa Miers
Cydista pubescens S.F.Blake
Cydista sarmentosa (Bertol.) Miers
Cydista seemannii Miers
Cydista spectabilis (Vahl) Miers
Cydista vargasiana (DC.) Miers

References

"Flora Brasiliensis taxon 479". Flora Brasiliensis revisitada. Archived from the original on 2009-10-03.
Botanica Sistematica

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

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