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Familia: Iridaceae
Subfamilia: Iridoideae
Tribus: Tigridieae
Genus: Cypella
Subgenera: C. subg. Cypella – C. subg. Viruflos
Overview of species

Species: C. altouruguaya – C. amambaica – C. amplimaculata – C. aquatilis – C. armosa – C. aurinegra – C. boliviana – C. brasiliensis – C. catharinensis – C. craterantha – C. crenata – C. curuzupensis – C. discolor – C. elegans – C. exilis – C. fucata – C. geniculata – C. guttata – C. hauthalii – C. herbertii – C. laeta – C. lapidosa – C. laxa – C. luteogibbosa – C. magnicristata – C. mandonii – C. oreophila – C. osteniana – C. pabstiana – C. pusilla – C. ravenniana – C. rivularis – C. suffusa – C. trimontina – C. unguiculata – C. yatayphila
Name

Cypella Herb., Bot. Mag. 53: t. 2637. (1826)

Type species: Cypella herbertii (Lindl.) Herb.

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Polia Ten., Cat. Orto Bot. Napoli: 92. (1845)
Type species: Polia bonariensis Ten., nom. illeg.
Kelissa Ravenna, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., B, Adansonia 3: 106. (1981)
Type species: Kelissa brasiliensis (Baker) Ravenna
Onira Ravenna, Nordic J. Bot. 3: 204. (1983)
Type species: Onira unguiculata (Baker) Ravenna

Homonyms

Cypella Klatt Linnaea 31: 538. (1862) nom. illeg. = Neomarica

References

Herbert, W. 1826. Tigridia Herberti, supra No. 2599. Curtis's Botanical Magazine 53: after text of t. 2637. BHL
Govaerts, R. et al. 2015. Cypella in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2015 May 20. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2016. Cypella. Published online. Accessed: Oct. 25 2016.

Vernacular names
italiano: Cipella
svenska: Jaguarliljesläktet

Cypella is a genus of herbaceous, perennial and bulbous plants in the family Iridaceae. It is distributed in South America, from Peru and Brazil to Northern Argentina.[2] The genus name is likely derived from the Greek word kyphella, meaning "hollow of the ear", and alludes to the shape of the inner tepals.[3]

Species[2]

Based on DNA and morphological features, the Southamerican genera Kelissa and Onira are now included in Cypella.[4]

Cypella amambaica Ravenna, Onira 12: 4 (2009). Paraguay
Cypella aquatilis Ravenna, Nordic J. Bot. 1: 489 (1981). S. Brazil.
Cypella armosa Ravenna, Wrightia 7: 20 (1981). Paraguay to NE. Argentina.
Cypella boliviana Huaylla, Kew Bull. 67: 297 (2012). Bolivia
Cypella brasiliensis (Baker) Roitman & J.A.Castillo, Darwiniana 45: 238 (2007). southern Brazil
Cypella catharinensis Ravenna, Onira 10: 39 (2005). Brazil (Santa Catarina).
Cypella craterantha Ravenna, Revista Inst. Munic. Bot. 2: 52 (1964). Peru (Cajamarca).
Cypella crenata (Vell.) Ravenna, Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 10: 312 (1965). Brazil (SE. Minas Gerais to São Paulo).
Cypella curuzupensis Ravenna, Wrightia 7: 19 (1981). Paraguay.
Cypella discolor Ravenna, Wrightia 7: 16 (1981). S. Brazil.
Cypella elegans Speg., Physis (Buenos Aires) 2: 43 (1917). Argentina (Jujuy Province).
Cypella exilis Ravenna, Nordic J. Bot. 1: 492 (1981). E. & S. Brazil to NE. Argentina.
Cypella fucata Ravenna, Wrightia 7: 18 (1981). S. Brazil to NE. Uruguay.
Cypella geniculata (Klatt) Ravenna, Revista Inst. Munic. Bot. 2: 53 (1964). Brazil.
Cypella hauthalii (Kuntze) R.C.Foster, Contr. Gray Herb. 171: 23 (1950). SE. Paraguay to Argentina (Corrientes, Misiones).
Cypella herbertii (Lindl.) Herb., Bot. Mag. 53: t. 2637 (1826). S. Brazil to NE. Argentina.
Cypella laeta Ravenna, Wrightia 7: 13 (1981). NE. Argentina.
Cypella lapidosa Ravenna, Wrightia 7: 21 (1981). Argentina (Corrientes).
Cypella laxa Ravenna, Wrightia 7: 15 (1981). S. Brazil.
Cypella luteogibbosa Deble, Phytotaxa 71: 60 (2012). Rio Grande do Sul
Cypella magnicristata Deble, Phytotaxa 71: 63 (2012). Rio Grande do Sul
Cypella mandonii Rusby, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 6: 125 (1896). Bolivia.
Cypella oreophila Speg., Physis (Buenos Aires) 2: 44 (1917). NW. Argentina.
Cypella osteniana Beauverd, Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève 14: 165 (1922 publ. 1923). Uruguay.
Cypella pabstiana Ravenna, Wrightia 7: 18 (1981). Brazil (Paraná).
Cypella pusilla (Link & Otto) Benth. & Hook.f. ex B.D.Jacks., Index Kew. 1: 689 (1893). S. Brazil.
Cypella suffusa Ravenna, Onira 12: 1 (2009). Argentina (Misiones Province)
Cypella trimontina Ravenna, Onira 12: 2 (2009). Argentina (Corrientes Province)
Cypella unguiculata (Baker) Roitman & J.A.Castillo - Uruguay, Rio Grande do Sul
Cypella yatayphila Ravenna, Onira 12: 3 (2009). Argentina (Entre Ríos Province)

formerly included

Cypella gigantea Klatt = Phalocallis coelestis (Lehm.) Ravenna

References

illustration accompanying 1839 description by William Jackson Hooker (1785-1865) - Curtis's botanical magazine vol. 65 NS. 12 tabl. 3710 (http://www.botanicus.org/page/433239)
Kew World Checklist of Selected plant Families
Manning, John; Goldblatt, Peter (2008). The Iris Family: Natural History & Classification. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press. pp. 238–39. ISBN 0-88192-897-6.

Goldblatt, P. & John Manning. 2008. The Iris Family: Natural History & Classification. Timber Press, 290 pp. ISBN 978-0-88192-897-6

Bibliography

Flora Brasiliensis *Brazilian species of Cypella
Dimitri, M. 1987. Enciclopedia Argentina de Agricultura y Jardinería. Tomo I. Descripción de plantas cultivadas. Editorial ACME S.A.C.I., Buenos AIres.
Roitman, G & Castillo, A. Novedades en el género Cypella. Bol. Soc. Argent. de Botánica 38: 337-339 (2003).

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