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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Amorpheae
Genus: Dalea
Species:
a

D. abietifolia – D. acracarpica – D. aenigma – D. albiflora – D. analiliana – D. ananassa – D. aurea – D. austrotexana – D. ayavacensis – D. azurea
b

D. bacchantum – D. bartonii – D. bicolor – D. boliviana – D. boraginea – D. botterii – D. brachystachya – D. brandegeei
c

D. caeciliae – D. cahaba – D. candida – D. capitata – D. carnea – D. carthagenensis – D. ceciliana – D. choanosema – D. chrysophylla – D. cinnamomea – D. cliffortiana – D. coerulea – D. compacta – D. conetensis – D. confusa – D. cora – D. crassifolia – D. cuatrecasasii – D. cuniculocaudata – D. cyanea – D. cylindrica – D. cylindriceps
d

D. daucosma – D. dipsacea – D. dispar – D. dorycnioides – D. drummondiana
e

D. elata – D. elegans – D. emarginata – D. emmae – D. enneandra – D. eriophylla – D. erythrorhiza – D. escobilla – D. exigua – D. exilis – D. exserta
f

D. feayi – D. fieldii – D. filiciformis – D. filiformis – D. flavescens – D. floridana – D. foliolosa – D. foliosa – D. formosa – D. frutescens
g

D. galbina – D. gattingeri – D. glumacea – D. grayi – D. greggii – D. gymnocodon – D. gypsophila
h

D. hallii – D. hegewischiana – D. hemsleyana – D. hintonii – D. hospes – D. humifusa – D. humilis
i

D. illustris – D. insignis – D. isidori
j

D. jaliscana – D. jamesii – D. jamesonii – D. janosensis
k

D. kuntzei
l

D. lachnantha – D. lachnostachys – D. lamprostachya – D. lanata – D. laniceps – D. lasiathera – D. leporina – D. leptostachya – D. leucosericea – D. leucostachya – D. luisana – D. lumholtzii – D. lutea
m

D. macrotropis – D. mcvaughii – D. melantha – D. mexiae – D. minutifolia – D. mixteca – D. mollis – D. mollissima – D. moquehuana – D. mountjoyae – D. mucronata – D. multiflora – D. myriadenia
n

D. nana – D. nelsonii – D. nemaphyllidia – D. neomexicana – D. nobilis
o

D. obovata – D. obovatifolia – D. obreniformis – D. onobrychis – D. ornata
p

D. parrasana – D. pazensis – D. pectinata – D. pennellii – D. phleoides – D. pinetorum – D. pinnata – D. piptostegia – D. plantaginoides – D. pogonathera – D. polygonoides – D. polystachya – D. pringlei – D. prostrata – D. pseudocorymbosa – D. pulchella – D. pulchra – D. purpurea – D. purpusii
q

D. quercetorum
r

D. radicans – D. reclinata – D. reverchonii – D. revoluta – D. rosarum – D. rubescens – D. rubrolutea – D. rupertiana – D. rupertii – D. rzedowskii
s

D. sabinalis – D. saffordii – D. scandens – D. scariosa – D. schiblii – D. searlsiae – D. sericea – D. sericocalyx – D. similis – D. simulatrix – D. smithii – D. sousae – D. strobilacea
t

D. tentaculoides – D. tenuicaulis – D. tenuifolia – D. tenuis – D. thouinii – D. tolteca – D. tomentosa – D. transiens – D. tridactylites – D. trifoliata – D. trochilina
u

D. uniflora – D. urceolata
v

D. verna – D. versicolor – D. villosa – D. virgata – D. viridiflora
w

D. weberbaueri – D. wigginsii – D. wilsonii – D. wrightii
z

D. zimapanica
Source(s) of checklist:
Name

Dalea L.

Type species: Dalea alopecuroides Willd.

Synonyms

Cylipogon Raf.
Gatesia Bertol.
Jamesia Raf.
Kuhnistera Lam.
Parosela Cav.
Petalostemon Michx.
Thornbera Rydb.

Distribution
Native distribution areas:
References
Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1758. Caroli Linnaei ... Opera varia in quibus continentur Fundamenta botanica, Sponsalia plantarum, et Systema naturae : in quo proponuntur naturae regna tria secundum classes, ordines, genera & species.. 376 pp. Lucae. BHL Reference page. : 244.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Dalea in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Oct 26. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Dalea. Published online. Accessed: Oct 26 2020.
Tropicos.org 2020. Dalea. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Oct 26.
Catalogue of Life: 2021 Annual Checklist

Vernacular names
English: prairie clover

Dalea is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae. Members of the genus are commonly known as prairie clover[2] or indigo bush.[3] Its name honors English apothecary Samuel Dale (1659–1739).[4] They are native to the New World, where they are distributed from Canada to Argentina.[5] Nearly half of the known species are endemic to Mexico.[6] Two species of Dalea (Dalea ornata and Dalea searlsiae) have been considered for rangeland restoration.[7]

Species

Dalea comprises the following species:[2][8][9][10]

  • Dalea abietifolia (Rydb.) Bullock
  • Dalea acracarpica Barneby
  • Dalea adenopoda (Rydb.) Isely—Tampa prairie clover
  • Dalea aenigma Barneby
  • Dalea albiflora A. Gray—whiteflower prairie clover
  • Dalea ananassa Barneby
  • Dalea antana J.F. Macbr.
  • Dalea arenicola (Wemple) B.L. Turner
  • Dalea aurea C. Fraser—golden prairie clover
  • Dalea austrotexana B.L.Turner[11]
  • Dalea ayavacensis Kunth
    • var. ayavacensis Kunth
    • var. killipii (J.F.Macbr.) Barneby
  • Dalea azurea (Phil.) Reiche
  • Dalea bacchantum Barneby
  • Dalea bartonii Barneby—Warnock's prairie clover, Cox's dalea
  • Dalea bicolor Willd.—silver prairie clover
    • var. argyrea (A.Gray) Barneby
    • var. bicolor Willd.
    • var. canescens (M.Martens & Galeotti) Barneby
    • var. naviculifolia (Hemsl.) Barneby
    • var. orcuttiana Barneby
  • Dalea boliviana Britton
  • Dalea boraginea Barneby
  • Dalea botterii (Rydb.) Barneby
  • Dalea brachystachya A. Gray—Fort Bowie prairie clover
  • Dalea brandegei (Rose) Bullock
  • Dalea caeciliae Harms
  • Dalea cahaba J.R.Allison—Cahaba prairie clover
  • Dalea candida Willd.—white prairie clover, white tassel-flower
    • var. candida Willd.
    • var. oligophylla (Torr.) Shinners
  • Dalea capitata S. Watson
    • var. capitata S. Watson
    • var. quinqueflora (Brandegee) Barneby
  • Dalea carnea (Michx.) Poir.—whitetassels
    • var. albida (Torr. & A. Gray) Barneby
    • var. carnea (Michx.) Poir.
  • Dalea carthagenensis (Jacq.) J.F. Macbr.—Cartagena prairie clover
    • var. barbata (Oerst.) Barneby
    • var. brevis (J.F.Macbr.) Barneby
    • var. capitulata (Rydb.) Barneby
    • var. carthagenensis (Jacq.) J.F. Macbr.
    • var. floridana (Rydb.) Barneby
    • var. pilocarpa (Rusby) Barneby
    • var. portoricana Barneby
    • var. trichocalyx (Ulbr.) Barneby
  • Dalea ceciliana[12]—Cecilia's prairie clover
  • Dalea choanosema Barneby
  • Dalea chrysophylla Barneby
  • Dalea cinnamomea Barneby
  • Dalea cliffortiana Willd.
  • Dalea coerulea (L. f.) Schinz & Thell.
    • var. coerulea (L. f.) Schinz & Thell.
    • var. longispicata (Ulbr.) Barneby
  • Dalea compacta Spreng.—compact prairie clover
    • var. compacta Spreng.
    • var. pubescens (A.Gray) Barneby
  • Dalea confusa (Rydb.) Barneby
  • Dalea cora Barneby
  • Dalea crassifolia Hemsl.
  • Dalea cuatrecasasii Barneby
  • Dalea cuniculo-caudata Paul G. Wilson
  • Dalea cyanea Greene
  • Dalea cylindrica Hook.
    • var. cylindrica Hook.
    • var. haenkeana Barneby
    • var. nova (Ulbr.) Barneby
    • var. sulfurea (Ulbr.) Barneby
  • Dalea cylindriceps Barneby—Andean prairie clover
  • Dalea daucosma Barneby
  • Dalea dipsacea Barneby
  • Dalea dispar C.V. Morton
  • Dalea dorycnoides DC.
  • Dalea elata Hook. & Arn.
  • Dalea elegans Hook. & Arn.
    • var. elegans Hook. & Arn.
    • var. onobrychioides (Griseb.) Barneby
  • Dalea emarginata (Torr. & A. Gray) Shinners—wedgeleaf prairie clover
  • Dalea enneandra C. Fraser—nineanther prairie clover
  • Dalea eriophylla S. Watson
  • Dalea erythrorhiza Greenm.
  • Dalea escobilla Barneby
  • Dalea exigua Barneby—Chihuahuan prairie clover
  • Dalea exilis DC.
  • Dalea exserta (Rydb.) Gentry—Mexican prairie clover
  • Dalea feayi (Chapman) Barneby—Feay's prairie clover
  • Dalea fieldii (J.F. Macbr.) J.F. Macbr.
  • Dalea filiciformis Robinson & Greenm.[13]
  • Dalea filiformis A. Gray—Sonoran prairie clover
  • Dalea flavescens (S. Watson) S.L. Welsh—Canyonlands prairie clover
  • Dalea foliolosa (Aiton) Barneby
    • var. citrina (Rydb.) Barneby
    • var. foliolosa (Aiton) Barneby
  • Dalea foliosa (A. Gray) Barneby—leafy prairie clover
  • Dalea formosa Torr.—featherplume
  • Dalea frutescens A. Gray—black prairie clover, black dalea
  • Dalea galbina (J.F. Macbr.) J.F. Macbr.
  • Dalea gattingeri (A. Heller) Barneby—purpletassels
  • Dalea glumacea Barneby
  • Dalea grayi (Vail) L.O. Williams—Gray's prairie clover
  • Dalea greggii A. Gray—Gregg's prairie clover
  • Dalea gypsophila Barneby
  • Dalea hallii A. Gray
  • Dalea hegewischiana Steud.
  • Dalea hemsleyana (Rose) Bullock
  • Dalea hintonii Sandwith
  • Dalea hospes (Rose) Bullock
  • Dalea humifusa Benth.
  • Dalea humilis G. Don
  • Dalea illustris Barneby
  • Dalea insignis Hemsl.
  • Dalea isidorii Barneby
  • Dalea jamesii (Torr.) Torr. & A. Gray—James' prairie clover
  • Dalea jamesonii (J.F. Macbr.) J.F. Macbr.
  • Dalea juncea (Rydb.) Wiggins
  • Dalea kuntzei Kuntze
  • Dalea lachnostachys A. Gray—glandleaf prairie clover
  • Dalea lamprostachya Barneby
  • Dalea lanata Spreng.—woolly prairie clover, woolly dalea
    • var. lanata Spreng.
    • var. terminalis (M.E.Jones) Barneby
  • Dalea laniceps Barneby—woollyhead prairie clover
  • Dalea lasiathera A. Gray—purple dalea
  • Dalea leporina (Aiton) Bullock—foxtail prairie clover, hare's foot dalea
  • Dalea leptostachya DC.
  • Dalea leucosericea (Rydb.) Standl. & Steyerm.
  • Dalea leucostachya A. Gray
    • var. eysenhardtioides (Hemsl.) Barneby
    • var. leucostachya A. Gray
  • Dalea luisana S. Watson
  • Dalea lumholtzii Robinson & Fernald—Lumholtz's prairie clover
  • Dalea lutea (Cav.) Willd.
    • var. gigantea (Rydb.) Barneby
    • var. lutea (Cav.) Willd.
  • Dalea macrotropis S. Schauer
  • Dalea mcvaughii Barneby
  • Dalea melantha S. Schauer
  • Dalea mexiae Barneby
  • Dalea minutifolia (Rydb.) Harms
  • Dalea mixteca Barneby
  • Dalea mollis Benth.—hairy prairie lover
  • Dalea mollissima (Rydb.) Munz—soft prairie clover
  • Dalea moquehuana J.F. Macbr.
  • Dalea mucronata DC.
  • Dalea multiflora (Nutt.) Shinners—roundhead prairie clover
  • Dalea myriadenia Ulbr.
  • Dalea nana A. Gray—dwarf prairie clover
    • var. carnescens (Rydb.) Kearney & Peebles
    • var. nana A. Gray
  • Dalea nelsonii Rydb.
  • Dalea nemaphyllidia Barneby
  • Dalea neomexicana (A. Gray) Cory—downy prairie clover, New Mexico dalea
    • var. longipila (Rydb.) Barneby
    • var. neomexicana (A. Gray) Cory
  • Dalea nobilis Barneby
  • Dalea obovata (Torr. & A. Gray) Shinners
  • Dalea obovatifolia Ortega
    • var. obovatifolia Ortega
    • var. uncifera (Schltdl. & Cham.) Barneby
  • Dalea obreniformis (Rydb.) Barneby
  • Dalea onobrychis DC.
  • Dalea ornata (Hook.) Eaton & Wright—Blue Mountain prairie clover, handsome prairie clover
  • Dalea parrasana Brandegee
  • Dalea pazensis Rusby
  • Dalea pectinata Kunth
  • Dalea pennellii (J.F. Macbr.) J.F. Macbr.
  • Dalea phleoides (Torr. & A. Gray) Shinners—slimspike prairie clover
    • var. microphylla (Torr. & A.Gray) Barneby
    • var. phleoides (Torr. & A. Gray) Shinners
  • Dalea pinetorum Gentry
  • Dalea pinnata (J.F. Gmel.) Barneby—summer farewell
  • Dalea piptostegia Barneby
  • Dalea plantaginoides Barneby
  • Dalea pogonathera A. Gray—bearded prairie clover
    • var. pogonathera A. Gray
    • var. walkerae (Tharp & F. A. Barkley) B. L. Turner
  • Dalea polygonoides A. Gray—sixweeks prairie clover
  • Dalea polystachya (Sessé & Moc.) Barneby
  • Dalea pringlei A. Gray—Pringle's prairie clover
  • Dalea prostrata Ortega
  • Dalea pseudocorymbosa A.E.Estrada & Villarreal[6]
  • Dalea pulchella G. Don
  • Dalea pulchra Gentry—Santa Catalina prairie clover
  • Dalea purpurea Vent.—purple prairie clover, violet dalea
  • Dalea purpusii Brandegee
  • Dalea quercetorum Standl. & L.O. Williams
  • Dalea radicans S. Watson
  • Dalea reclinata (Cav.) Willd.
  • Dalea reverchonii (S. Watson) Shinners
  • Dalea revoluta S. Watson
  • Dalea rubrolutea Barneby
  • Dalea rupertii A.E. Estrada, Villarreal & M. González
  • Dalea rzedowskii Barneby
  • Dalea sabinalis (S. Watson) Shinners—sabinal prairie clover
  • Dalea saffordii (Rose) Bullock
  • Dalea scandens (Mill.) R.T. Clausen—low prairie clover
    • var. occidentalis (Rydb.) Barneby
    • var. paucifolia (J.M.Coult.) Barneby
    • var. scandens (Mill.) R.T. Clausen
    • var. vulneraria (Oerst.) Barneby
  • Dalea scariosa S. Watson—Albuquerque prairie clover
  • Dalea schiblii Medina & M. Sousa
  • Dalea searlsiae (A. Gray) Barneby—Searls' prairie clover
  • Dalea sericea Lag.
  • Dalea sericocalyx (Rydb.) L. Riley
  • Dalea similis Hemsl.
  • Dalea simulatrix Barneby
  • Dalea smithii (J.F. Macbr.) J.F. Macbr.
  • Dalea sousae Barneby
  • Dalea strobilacea Barneby
  • Dalea tapacariensis Kuntze
  • Dalea tentaculoides Gentry—Gentry's indigobush
  • Dalea tenuicaulis Hook. f.
  • Dalea tenuifolia (A. Gray) Shinners—slimleaf prairie clover, bigtop dalea
  • Dalea tenuis (J.M. Coult.) Shinners—pinkglobe prairie clover
  • Dalea thouinii Schrank
  • Dalea tinctoria Brandegee
  • Dalea tolteca Barneby
  • Dalea tomentosa (Cav.) Willd.
    • var. mota Barneby
    • var. psoraleoides (Moric.) Barneby
    • var. tomentosa (Cav.) Willd.
  • Dalea transiens Barneby
  • Dalea tridactylites Barneby
  • Dalea trifoliata Zucc.
  • Dalea trochilina Brandegee
  • Dalea uniflora (Barneby) G.L. Nesom
  • Dalea urceolata Greene—pineforest prairie clover
    • var. lucida (Rydb.) Barneby
    • var. urceolata Greene
  • Dalea verna Barneby
  • Dalea versicolor Zucc.—oakwoods prairie clover
    • subsp. argyrostachya (Hook. & Arn.) Barneby
    • subsp. glabrescens (Rydb.) Barneby
    • subsp. sessilis (A. Gray) Barneby
    • subsp. versicolor Zucc.
  • Dalea villosa (Nutt.) Spreng.—silky prairie clover
    • var. grisea (Torr. & A.Gray) Barneby
    • var. villosa (Nutt.) Spreng.
  • Dalea virgata Lag.
  • Dalea viridiflora S. Watson
  • Dalea weberbaueri Ulbr.
    • var. sericophylla (Ulbr.) Barneby
    • var. weberbaueri Ulbr.
  • Dalea wigginsii Barneby
  • Dalea wrightii A. Gray—Wright's prairie clover
  • Dalea zimapanica S. Schauer

Species names with uncertain taxonomic status

The status of the following species is unresolved:[10]

Dalea acutiflora Steud.
Dalea analiliana Spellenb.
Dalea austrotexana B.L.Turner
Dalea barbata (Oerst.) Aymard
Dalea ceciliana B.L.Turner
Dalea diversicolor Rydb.
Dalea enneandra Nutt.
Dalea filiciformis B.L. Rob. & Greenm.
Dalea flavescens (S. Watson) S.L. Welsh ex Barneby
Dalea flavorosea Moc. & Sessé ex DC.
Dalea goldmani (Rose) L.Riley
Dalea gymnocodon Barneby
Dalea holwayi Rose
Dalea humboldtiana Velarde
Dalea hypoglottidea DC.
Dalea lachnantha S.Schauer
Dalea lachnostachya A.Gray
Dalea lagopoda St.-Lag.
Dalea lateripes Moc. & Sessé ex DC.
Dalea longipes Moc. & Sessé ex DC.
Dalea lumholtzii B.L. Rob. & Fernald
Dalea lutescens Cervantes ex G. Don
Dalea megalostachya (Rose) Wiggins
Dalea melilotoides Moc. & Sessé ex DC.
Dalea moricandi D. Dietr.
Dalea mota Gentry
Dalea multifoliata Phil.f.
Dalea nelsonii (Rydb.) Barneby
Dalea pendulina Moc. & Sessé ex DC.
Dalea polyadenia F. Heller
Dalea scopa Barneby
Dalea seleriana Harms
Dalea unguicularis Moc. & Sessé ex DC.
Dalea unifoliolata C.B.Rob. & Greenm.
Dalea vernica (Rose) Greenm.
Dalea watsonii (Rose) Gentry
Dalea whitingi Kearney & Peebles

References

"Genus: Dalea L." Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 5 October 2007. Archived from the original on 6 May 2009. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
"Dalea". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
Bailey LH; Bailey EZ; the staff of the Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium (1976). Hortus third: A concise dictionary of plants cultivated in the United States and Canada. New York, NY: Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-02-505470-7.
Holloway JE; Neill A. (2005). A Dictionary of Common Wildflowers of Texas & the Southern Great Plains. Fort Worth, Texas: TCU Press. p. 51. ISBN 978-0-87565-309-9.
Woods M; Hughes WS. (2013). "The genus Dalea in Alabama" (PDF). Phytoneuron. 2013 (30): 1–12. ISSN 2153-733X.
Estrada-Castillón AE; Villarreal-Quintanilla JA. (2008). "A new species of Dalea sect. Parosela (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae: Amorpheae) from Durango, Mexico". Brittonia. 60 (4): 332–35. doi:10.1007/s12228-008-9039-7.
Cane JH; Weber M; Miller S. (2012). "Breeding biologies, pollinators, and seed beetles of two prairie-clovers, Dalea ornata and Dalea searlsiae (Fabaceae: Amorpheae), from the Intermountain West, USA" (PDF). Western North American Naturalist. 72 (1): 16–20. doi:10.3398/064.072.0102.
"ILDIS LegumeWeb entry for Dalea". International Legume Database & Information Service. Cardiff School of Computer Science & Informatics. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
USDA; ARS; National Genetic Resources Program. "GRIN species records of Dalea". Germplasm Resources Information Network—(GRIN) [Online Database]. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Archived from the original on 14 October 2008. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
"The Plant List entry for Dalea". The Plant List. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and the Missouri Botanical Garden. 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
Turner BL. (2006). "Dalea austrotexana (Fabaceae), a new species from southernmost Texas" (PDF). Phytologia. 88 (3): 288–93. doi:10.5962/bhl.part.10455.
Turner BL. (2010). "A new species of Dalea (Fabaceae) from southernmost Texas" (PDF). Phytoneuron. 2010 (50): 1–5. ISSN 2153-733X.
It has been proposed that Dalea filiciformis be transferred to the genus Marina. See McMahon M; Hufford L. (2004). "Phylogeny of Amorpheae (Fabaceae: Papilionoideae)". Am J Bot. 91 (8): 1219–1230. doi:10.3732/ajb.91.8.1219. PMID 21653479. and Cardoso et al. 2013.

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