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Datisca cannabina

Datisca cannabina (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Cucurbitales

Familia: Datiscaceae
Genus: Datisca
Species: Datisca cannabina
Name

Datisca cannabina L., Sp. Pl.: 1037. 1753.
Synonyms

Heterotypic
Cannabina laevis Moench, Methodus: 363. 1794.
Datisca glabra Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 4: 568. 1812.
Datisca nepalensis D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal.: 203. 1825.

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europe
Regional: Southeastern Europe
Kriti.
Continental: Asia-Temperate
Regional: Middle Asia
Kirgizstan, Tadzhikistan, Uzbekistan.
Regional: Caucasus
Transcaucasus.
Regional: Western Asia
Afghanistan, Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Turkey.
Continental: Asia-Tropical
Regional: Indian Subcontinent
Nepal, Pakistan, West Himalaya.
Regional: Indo-China
Vietnam.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus II: 1037. Reference page.

Links

Hassler, M. 2020. Datisca cannabina. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2020. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2020 Mar 01. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Datisca cannabina. Published online. Accessed: Mar 01 2020.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Datisca cannabina in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 Mar 01. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2020. Datisca cannabina. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 01 Mar 2020.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Datisca cannabina in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names
Türkçe: Yalancı kenevir

Datisca cannabina, called false hemp, is a species of flowering plant in the genus Datisca, family Datiscaceae, native to the Aegean Islands, Crete, Cyprus, Anatolia, the Levant, the Transcaucasus, Iraq, Iran, Central Asia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, the western Himalayas and Nepal.[2] It is one of the very few species known to have true androdioecy, meaning it has a mix of male and hermaphroditic individuals.[3] Local artisans use its roots to produce a fast yellow dye.[4]

Growth form

Top

In fruit

Seeds

References

Sp. Pl.: 1037 (1753)
"Datisca cannabina L." Plants of the World Online. Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 2017. Retrieved 12 December 2020.
Wolf, Diana E.; Rieseberg, Loren H.; Spencer, Stanley C. (1997). "The genetic mechanism of sex determination in the androdioecious flowering plant, Datisca glomerata (Datiscaceae)". Heredity. 78 (2): 190–204. doi:10.1038/hdy.1997.27. S2CID 27605267.
Liotard, L. (1881). Memorandum on Dyes of Indian Growth and Production. Calcutta: Home Revenue and Agricultural Department Press. p. 89–96. "…roots of alkabir (Datisca cannabina)…"

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