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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Epidendroideae
Tribus: Dendrobieae
Subtribus: Dendrobiinae
Genus: Dendrobium
Subgenera: (12)
D. subg. Athecebium – D. subg. Bolbodium – D. subg. Bulbodium – D. subg. Cadetia – D. subg. Dendrobium – D. subg. Dendrocoryne – D. subg. Eudendrobium – D. subg. Eugenanthe – D. subg. Grastridium – D. subg. Inobulbon – D. subg. Pedilonum – D. subg. Xerobium

Sectiones: (54)
D. sect. Actinomorpha – D. sect. Ambylanthus – D. sect. Antennatae – D. sect. Aporum – D. sect. Australorchis – D. sect. Bolbodium – D. sect. Brevisaccata – D. sect. Bulbodium – D. sect. Cadetia – D. sect. Calyptrochilus – D. sect. Capitata – D. sect. Ceratobium – D. sect. Conostalix – D. sect. Cuthbertsonia – D. sect. Dendrobium – D. sect. Dendrocoryne – D. sect. Desmotrichum – D. sect. Dianthe – D. sect. Eleutheroglossum – D. sect. Eudendrobium – D. sect. Eugenanthe – D. sect. Finetianthe – D. sect. Glomerata – D. sect. Goniobulbon – D. sect. Grastidium – D. sect. Herpetophytum – D. sect. Lateralia – D. sect. Latourea – D. sect. Leiotheca – D. sect. Lichenastrum – D. sect. Macrostomium – D. sect. Maxillaria – D. sect. Mekynosepalum – D. sect. Monanthos – D. sect. Monophyllaea – D. sect. Onychium – D. sect. Oxyglossum – D. sect. Pedilonum – D. sect. Phalaenanthe – D. sect. Platybulbon – D. sect. Pleianthe – D. sect. Pseudoeria – D. sect. Rhizobium – D. sect. Rhizobium – D. sect. Spatulata – D. sect. Speciosa – D. sect. Stachyobium – D. sect. Strebloceras – D. sect. Strongyle – D. sect. Superbientia – D. sect. Terminalia – D. sect. Tetrodon – D. sect. Trachyrhizum – D. sect. Trachytheca

Subsectiones: (2)
D. subsect. Aporopsis – D. subsect. Goniobulbon
Overview of species (1556)
a

D. aberrans – D. acaciifolium – D. acanthephippiiflorum – D. acerosum – D. aciculare – D. acinaciforme – D. aclinia – D. acuiferum – D. acuminatissimum – D. acutifolium – D. acutilingue – D. acutilobum – D. acutimentum – D. acutisepalum – D. adae – D. adamsii – D. aduncilobum – D. aduncum – D. aemulum – D. affine – D. agamense – D. agrostophylloides – D. agrostophyllum – D. agusanense – D. ajoebii – D. alabense – D. alaticaulinum – D. albayense – D. albiflorum – D. albopurpureum – D. albosanguineum – D. alderwereltianum – D. alexandrae – D. aliciae – D. aloifolium – D. alticola – D. amabile – D. amboinense – D. amethystoglossum – D. amiengense – D. amoenum – D. amphigenyum – D. amplum – D. anamalayanum – D. anceps – D. ancipitum – D. andreemillariae – D. angiense – D. angraecifolium – D. angulatum – D. angusticaule – D. angustiflorum – D. angustifolium – D. angustipetalum – D. angustispathum – D. angustitepalum – D. anilii – D. anisobulbon – D. annae – D. annamense – D. annemarieae – D. annulatum – D. annuligerum – D. anosmum – D. antennatum – D. anthrene – D. apertum – D. aphanochilum – D. aphrodite – D. aphyllum – D. apiculiferum – D. appendicula – D. appendiculatum – D. aprinoides – D. aprinum – D. aqueum – D. arachnoideum – D. araneola – D. aratriferum – D. archipelagense – D. arcuatum – D. arfakense – D. aridum – D. aries – D. aristiferum – D. arjunoense – D. armeniacum – D. armitiae – D. aromaticum – D. arthrobulbum – D. arunachalense – D. asahanense – D. asperatum – D. asphale – D. assamicum – D. atavus – D. atjehense – D. atroviolaceum – D. attenuatum – D. aurantiiflammeum – D. aurantiiflavum – D. aurantiiroseum – D. aureilobum – D. auricolor – D. auriculatum – D. austrocaledonicum – D. awormangae – D. axillare – D. ayubii – D. azureum
b

D. baeuerlenii – D. baileyi – D. bakoense – D. balimense – D. balzerianum – D. bambusiforme – D. bambusinum – D. bandaense – D. banghamii – D. bannaense – D. baoernianum – D. barbatulum – D. barbatum – D. barioense – D. basilanense – D. beamanianum – D. begaudii – D. beleense – D. bellatulum – D. bensoniae – D. bialatum – D. bicameratum – D. bicarinatum – D. bicaudatum – D. bicolense – D. biconvexum – D. bicostatum – D. bicristatum – D. bidentiferum – D. bifalce – D. biflorum – D. bifurcatum – D. bigibbum – D. bihamulatum – D. bilobulatum – D. bilobum – D. biloculare – D. bismarckiense – D. blanche-amesiae – D. blaoense – D. blumei – D. bobolei – D. boosii – D. boridiense – D. bostrychodes – D. bowmanii – D. brachycalyptra – D. brachycentrum – D. brachypus – D. bracteosum – D. braianense – D. brassii – D. brevibulbum – D. brevicaudum – D. brevicaule – D. brevicolle – D. brevilabium – D. brevimentum – D. brillianum – D. brinkmanii – D. brunnescens – D. brunneum – D. brymerianum – D. buffumiae – D. bukidnonense – D. bulbophylloides – D. bullenianum – D. burkeanum – D. busuangense – D. butchcamposii
c

D. cabadbarense – D. cacuminis – D. cadetia – D. cadetiiflorum – D. cadetioides – D. caladenia – D. calcaratimentum – D. calcaratum – D. calcariferum – D. calceolum – D. calcicola – D. calicopis – D. caliculi-mentum – D. callitrophilum – D. calocephalum – D. calophyllum – D. calopogon – D. calothyrsos – D. calyptratum – D. camaridiorum – D. campbellii – D. canaliculatum – D. cancroides – D. candidissimum – D. candoonense – D. capillipes – D. capitellatoides – D. capituliflorum – D. capra – D. carinatum – D. cariniferum – D. carinulatidiscum – D. carmindae – D. carnicarinum – D. carolinense – D. carrii – D. carronii – D. caryicola – D. casuarinae – D. catillare – D. caudiculatum – D. cavipes – D. celebense – D. centrale – D. centrosepalum – D. ceraceum – D. ceratostyloides – D. ceraula – D. cerinum – D. cervicaliferum – D. chalmersii – D. chamaephytum – D. chameleon – D. chapaense – D. chewiorum – D. chiangdaoense – D. chiengmaiense – D. chionanthum – D. chittimae – D. chloranthum – D. chordiforme – D. christyanum – D. chrysanthum – D. chryseum – D. chrysobulbon – D. chrysocrepis – D. chrysographatum – D. chrysopterum – D. chrysosema – D. chrysotainium – D. chrysotoxum – D. chrysotropis – D. ciliatilabellum – D. cinnabarinum – D. clausum – D. clavator – D. clavuligerum – D. cleistanthum – D. cleistogamum – D. clemensiae – D. clementsii – D. closterium – D. cobra – D. cochleatum – D. cochliodes – D. codonosepalum – D. coelandria – D. coeloglossum – D. collinsii – D. coloratum – D. comatum – D. compactum – D. compressibulbum – D. compressicaule – D. compressimentum – D. compressistylum – D. compressum – D. conanthum – D. concavum – D. concolor – D. confinale – D. confluens – D. confundens – D. conicum – D. connatum – D. conspicuum – D. constrictum – D. contextum – D. convexipes – D. convexum – D. convolutum – D. corallorhizon – D. coriaceum – D. correllianum – D. corrugatilobum – D. corticicola – D. corydaliflorum – D. courtauldii – D. cowenii – D. crabro – D. crassicaule – D. crassiflorum – D. crassifolium – D. crassilabium – D. crassimarginatum – D. crassinervium – D. crassulum – D. crenatifolium – D. crenatilabre – D. crenatilobum – D. crenicristatum – D. crenulatum – D. crepidatum – D. crispatum – D. crispilinguum – D. crocatum – D. croceocentrum – D. crucilabre – D. cruentum – D. crumenatum – D. cruttwellii – D. crystallinum – D. cuculliferum – D. cucullitepalum – D. cucumerinum – D. cultrifolium – D. cumulatum – D. cuneatum – D. cuneilabium – D. cuneilabrum – D. cunninghamii – D. curviflorum – D. curvimentum – D. curvisepalum – D. curvum – D. cuspidatum – D. cuthbertsonii – D. cyanocentrum – D. cyanopterum – D. cyatopoides – D. cyclobulbon – D. cyclolobum – D. cyclopense – D. cylindricum – D. cymatoleguum – D. cymbicallum – D. cymbidioides – D. cymbiforme – D. cymboglossum – D. cymbulipes – D. cyrilianum – D. cyrtolobum – D. cyrtosepalum – D. cyrusianum
d

D. dactyliferum – D. dactylodes – D. daenikerianum – D. dahlemense – D. daimandaui – D. daklakense – D. dalatense – D. danipense – D. dantaniense – D. darjeelingense – D. davaoense – D. dearei – D. debile – D. decoratum – D. decumbens – D. deflexilobum – D. dekockii – D. delacourii – D. deleonii – D. deltatum – D. dempoense – D. dendrocolla – D. dendrocolloides – D. denigratum – D. denneanum – D. densiflorum – D. dentatum – D. denudans – D. deplanchei – D. derekcabactulanii – D. derryi – D. devogelii – D. devonianum – D. devosianum – D. dianiae – D. diaphanum – D. diceras – D. dichaeoides – D. dichroma – D. dichrotropis – D. dickasonii – D. dielsianum – D. diffusum – D. dilatatocolle – D. dimorphum – D. diodon – D. dionaeoides – D. discerptum – D. discolor – D. disoides – D. dissitifolium – D. distichum – D. ditschiense – D. dixanthum – D. dixonianum – D. djamuense – D. dockrillii – D. doloissumbinii – D. doormanii – D. doormantopense – D. draconis – D. dulce – D. durum
e

D. eboracense – D. echinocarpum – D. ecolle – D. efogiense – D. elatum – D. elineae – D. elliottianum – D. ellipsophyllum – D. elongaticolle – D. elongatum – D. emarginatum – D. endertii – D. engae – D. enigmaticum – D. ephemerum – D. epiphyticum – D. equitans – D. erectifolium – D. erectilobum – D. erectopatens – D. erectum – D. eriiflorum – D. eriopexis – D. erostelle – D. erosum – D. erubescens – D. erythraeum – D. erythropogon – D. erythrosema – D. escritorii – D. eserre – D. esuriens – D. eumelinum – D. eurorum – D. euryanthum – D. exasperatum – D. exile – D. exilifolium – D. eximium – D. extra-axillare – D. eymanum
f

D. faciferum – D. fairchildiae – D. falcatum – D. falcipetalum – D. falconeri – D. falcorostrum – D. fallacinum – D. fanjingshanense – D. fargesii – D. farinatum – D. fariniferum – D. farmeri – D. fellowsii – D. ferdinandi – D. fililobum – D. fimbriatum – D. fimbrilabium – D. findlayanum – D. finetianum – D. finisterrae – D. finniganense – D. fissum – D. fitrianum – D. flabelliforme – D. flabelloides – D. flagellum – D. flavicolle – D. flebiliflorum – D. fleckeri – D. flexicaule – D. flexile – D. floresianum – D. flos-wanua – D. fluctuosum – D. foetens – D. forbesii – D. formosum – D. forrestii – D. foxii – D. fractiflexum – D. fractum – D. franssenianum – D. friedericksianum – D. fruticicola – D. fruticosum – D. fugax – D. fulgescens – D. fulgidum – D. fuligineum – D. fuliginosum – D. fulminicaule – D. funiforme – D. furcatopedicellatum – D. furcatum – D. furfuriferum – D. fuscescens – D. fusciflorum – D. fytchianum
g

D. gaoligongense – D. garrettii – D. gatiense – D. gemellum – D. geminatum – D. gemmiferum – D. georgei – D. geotropum – D. gerlandianum – D. gibbiferum – D. gibbosum – D. gibsonii – D. ginalopeziae – D. giriwoense – D. gjellerupii – D. glabrum – D. glaucoviride – D. glebulosum – D. globiflorum – D. glomeratum – D. glomeroides – D. glossorhynchoides – D. gnomus – D. gobiense – D. goilalae – D. goldfinchii – D. goldschmidtianum – D. goliathense – D. goodallianum – D. gouldii – D. gracile – D. gracilentum – D. gracilicaule – D. gracilicolle – D. gracilipes – D. gramineum – D. grande – D. grastidioides – D. gratiosissimum – D. greenianum – D. gregulus – D. griffithianum – D. grootingsii – D. grossum – D. guamense – D. guerreroi – D. guibertii – D. gunnarii – D. guttenbergii – D. guttulatum – D. gynoglottis
h

D. habbemense – D. hainanense – D. halmaheirense – D. hamadryas – D. hamaticalcar – D. hamatum – D. hamiferum – D. hampelii – D. hancockii – D. hansmeyerense – D. hartleyi – D. harveyanum – D. hasseltii – D. hastilabium – D. hawkesii – D. hekouense – D. helix – D. hellerianum – D. hellwigianum – D. hemimelanoglossum – D. hendersonii – D. henryi – D. hentyanum – D. heokhuii – D. hepaticum – D. herbaceum – D. hercoglossum – D. herpetophytum – D. hesperis – D. heterobulbum – D. heterocarpum – D. heteroglossum – D. heteroideum – D. heyneanum – D. hippocrepiferum – D. hirsutifolium – D. hirtulum – D. hispidum – D. histrionicum – D. hkinhumense – D. hodgkinsonii – D. hoftii – D. hollandianum – D. holochilum – D. homoglossum – D. hooglandianum – D. hookerianum – D. hooveri – D. hornei – D. horstii – D. hosei – D. hughii – D. humboldtense – D. humilicolle – D. huttonii – D. hydrophilum – D. hymenanthum – D. hymenocentrum – D. hymenopetalum – D. hymenophyllum – D. hymenopterum – D. hyperanthiflorum – D. hypopogon
i

D. ianthinum – D. iboense – D. igneoniveum – D. igneum – D. imbricatum – D. imitans – D. imitator – D. implicatum – D. inamoenum – D. inauditum – D. inconspicuum – D. inconstans – D. incumbens – D. incurvatum – D. incurvociliatum – D. incurvum – D. indivisum – D. indragiriense – D. inflatum – D. informe – D. infractum – D. infundibulum – D. ingratum – D. insigne – D. integrilabium – D. integrum – D. interjectum – D. interruptum – D. intricatum – D. invitum – D. involutum – D. ionopus – D. irinae – D. isabelense – D. ischnopetalum – D. ischnophyton – D. isochiloides – D. isthmiferum – D. iteratum
j

D. jabiense – D. jacobsonii – D. jadunae – D. jamirusii – D. jenkinsii – D. jennae – D. jennyanum – D. jerdonianum – D. jiajiangense – D. jimcootesii – D. johannis – D. johnsoniae – D. jonesii – D. josephinae – D. jubatum – D. judithiae – D. junceum – D. juncifolium – D. juncoideum – D. junctilobum – D. juniperinum – D. jyrdii
k

D. kallarense – D. kanakorum – D. kanburiense – D. kanchianum – D. kaniense – D. karoense – D. katherinae – D. kauldorumii – D. keithii – D. kelamense – D. kempfianum – D. kempterianum – D. kenepaiense – D. kentrochilum – D. kentrophyllum – D. kerstingianum – D. ketrickkianum – D. keytsianum – D. khanhoaense – D. khasianum – D. kiamfeeanum – D. kiauense – D. kietaense – D. kinabaluense – D. kingianum – D. kirchianum – D. kjellbergii – D. klabatense – D. klossii – D. kontumense – D. koordersii – D. korthalsii – D. kotanicanum – D. koyamae – D. kraemeri – D. kraenzlinii – D. kratense – D. kruiense – D. kruizingae – D. kurashigei – D. kuyperi
l

D. labangense – D. labuanum – D. laceratum – D. laciniosum – D. lacteum – D. laevifolium – D. lagarum – D. lageniforme – D. lagorum – D. lambii – D. lamellatum – D. lamelluliferum – D. lamii – D. lampongense – D. lamproglossum – D. lamrianum – D. lamyaiae – D. lanceolatum – D. lancilabium – D. lancilobum – D. langbianense – D. lankaviense – D. lanuginosum – D. lasianthera – D. lasioglossum – D. latelabellatum – D. laterale – D. latipetalum – D. latoureoides – D. laurensii – D. laurifolium – D. lawesii – D. lawiense – D. laxiflorum – D. ledifolium – D. leeanum – D. legareiense – D. leonis – D. lepidochilum – D. leporinum – D. leptocladum – D. leptophyton – D. leucochlorum – D. leucocyanum – D. leucohybos – D. levatii – D. lewisiae – D. libingtaoi – D. lichenastrum – D. limii – D. limpidum – D. linawianum – D. lindleyi – D. lineale – D. linearifolium – D. linguella – D. linguiforme – D. litorale – D. lituiflorum – D. lobatum – D. lobbii – D. lobulatum – D. loddigesii – D. loesenerianum – D. lohanense – D. loherianum – D. lohohense – D. lohokii – D. lomatochilum – D. lonchigerum – D. longicaule – D. longicolle – D. longicornu – D. longipes – D. longiramense – D. longirepens – D. longissimum – D. lowii – D. lucens – D. lueckelianum – D. lumakuense – D. lunatum – D. luoi – D. luteocilium – D. luteolum – D. luxurians – D. luzonense – D. lydiae
m

D. maccarthiae – D. macfarlanei – D. macraei – D. macranthum – D. macraporum – D. macrifolium – D. macrogenion – D. macrolobum – D. macrophyllum – D. macropodum – D. macropus – D. macrostachyum – D. macrostigma – D. macrum – D. maculosum – D. magistratus – D. magnilabre – D. maidenianum – D. maierae – D. malacanthum – D. malbrownii – D. maliliense – D. malvicolor – D. mamasaense – D. mamberamense – D. mambo – D. mannii – D. maraiparense – D. margaretiae – D. mariae – D. marmoratum – D. masarangense – D. matapense – D. mayandyi – D. megaceras – D. meiernianum – D. mekynosepalum – D. melanostictum – D. melanotrichum – D. melinanthum – D. meliodorum – D. mellicolor – D. merrillii – D. metachilinum – D. metrium – D. microbulbon – D. microglaphys – D. micronephelium – D. microphyton – D. milaniae – D. militare – D. millariae – D. mimicum – D. mindanaense – D. minimiflorum – D. minimum – D. minusculum – D. minutiflorum – D. mirandum – D. mirbelianum – D. mischobulbum – D. miserum – D. misoanum – D. miyasakii – D. mizanii – D. modestum – D. mohlianum – D. moirianum – D. molle – D. moniliforme – D. monophyllum – D. montanum – D. montedeakinense – D. monticola – D. montis-hosei – D. montis-sellae – D. montis-yulei – D. mooreanum – D. moorei – D. moquetteanum – D. morio – D. morotaiense – D. morrisonii – D. mortii – D. moschatum – D. mucronatum – D. mucrovaginatum – D. mulderi – D. multifolium – D. multilineatum – D. multiramosum – D. multistriatum – D. muluense – D. munificum – D. muricatum – D. muriciferum – D. mussauense – D. mutabile
n

D. nabawanense – D. nagataksaka – D. nakaharae – D. nanocompactum – D. nanum – D. nardoides – D. nareshbahadurii – D. nathanielis – D. nativitatis – D. naungmungense – D. navicula – D. nazaretii – D. nebularum – D. neglectum – D. nemorale – D. neoguineense – D. neospectabile – D. nephrolepidis – D. neuroglossum – D. ngoyense – D. nieuwenhuisii – D. nigricans – D. nimium – D. nindii – D. nitidicolle – D. nitidissimum – D. niveobarbatum – D. niveopurpureum – D. njongense – D. nobile – D. nodosum – D. noesae – D. nothofageti – D. nothofagicola – D. nubigenum – D. nudum – D. numaldeorii – D. nummularia – D. nycteridoglossum
o

D. obchantiae – D. obcordatum – D. obcuneatum – D. obliquum – D. oblongimentum – D. obovatum – D. obreniforme – D. obrienianum – D. obscure-auriculatum – D. obtusum – D. obyrnei – D. ochraceum – D. ochranthum – D. ochreatum – D. ochroleucum – D. ochthochilum – D. odoardi – D. odontopus – D. odoratum – D. officinale – D. okabeanum – D. okinawense – D. oliganthum – D. oligophyllum – D. olivaceum – D. omissum – D. opilionites – D. oppositifolium – D. optimuspatruus – D. orbilobulatum – D. oreodoxa – D. orientale – D. ornithoflorum – D. osmophytopsis – D. ostrinum – D. otaguroanum – D. ou-hinnae – D. ovatifolium – D. ovatipetalum – D. ovatum – D. ovipostoriferum – D. oxychilum
p

D. paathii – D. pachyanthum – D. pachyceras – D. pachyglossum – D. pachyphyllum – D. pachystele – D. pachythrix – D. pacificum – D. padangense – D. paitanense – D. palawense – D. palmerianum – D. palpebrae – D. panduratum – D. panduriferum – D. pangunaense – D. pantherinum – D. papilio – D. papilionaceum – D. papilioniferum – D. papillilabium – D. papuanum – D. papyraceum – D. paradoxum – D. paragnomus – D. parciflorum – D. parcum – D. pardalinum – D. parietiforme – D. parishii – D. parnatanum – D. parthenium – D. particolor – D. parvifolium – D. parvilobum – D. parvulum – D. paspalifolium – D. patentifiliforme – D. patentilobum – D. patentissimum – D. patulum – D. paucilaciniatum – D. pectinatum – D. peculiare – D. pedicellatum – D. pedilochilum – D. peguanum – D. pemae – D. pendulum – D. pensile – D. pentanema – D. pentapterum – D. percnanthum – D. pergracile – D. peripetasma – D. perlongum – D. perpaulum – D. perplexum – D. perulatum – D. petiolatum – D. petrophilum – D. phaeanthum – D. phalangillum – D. phalangium – D. phillipsii – D. phragmitoides – D. phuketense – D. pictum – D. piestocaulon – D. pililobum – D. pinifolium – D. piranha – D. planibulbe – D. planicaule – D. planum – D. platybasis – D. platycaulon – D. platyclinoides – D. platygastrium – D. platylobum – D. platyphyllum – D. pleasancium – D. plebeium – D. pleianthum – D. pleurodes – D. pleurothalloides – D. plicatile – D. plumilobum – D. podocarpifolium – D. podochiloides – D. pogonantherum – D. pogoniates – D. pohnpeiense – D. poissonianum – D. polyanthum – D. polycladium – D. polyphyllum – D. polyrhopalon – D. polyschistum – D. polysema – D. polytrichum – D. ponapense – D. poneroides – D. porphyrochilum – D. potamophilum – D. praecinctum – D. praemorsum – D. praetermissum – D. prasinum – D. prianganense – D. procerum – D. procumbens – D. profusum – D. prostheciglossum – D. prostratum – D. proteranthum – D. protractum – D. pruinosum – D. pseudoaloifolium – D. pseudoaprinum – D. pseudocalceolum – D. pseudoclavator – D. pseudoconanthum – D. pseudoconvexum – D. pseudoequitans – D. pseudoglomeratum – D. pseudointricatum – D. pseudokurashigei – D. pseudolamellatum – D. pseudopeloricum – D. pseudorarum – D. pseudostriatellum – D. pseudotenellum – D. puberulilingue – D. pugioniforme – D. pulchellum – D. pulleanum – D. pullenianum – D. pulvilliferum – D. pulvinatum – D. punamense – D. punbatuense – D. puncticulosum – D. puniceum – D. purpureiflorum – D. purpureoflavescens – D. purpureogriseum – D. purpureostelidium – D. purpureum – D. putnamii – D. pycnostachyum
q

D. quadriferum – D. quadrilobatum – D. quinquecallosum – D. quinquecaudatum – D. quinquedentatum – D. quinquelobatum – D. quinquelobum – D. quisumbingii
r

D. racemosum – D. rachmatii – D. racieanum – D. radians – D. radicosum – D. ramificans – D. ramosii – D. rantii – D. rariflorum – D. rarum – D. ravanii – D. rechingerorum – D. reconditum – D. recurvatum – D. recurvifolium – D. recurvilabre – D. reflexitepalum – D. reflexum – D. refractum – D. regale – D. reginanivis – D. regium – D. reineckei – D. remotisepalum – D. rennellii – D. repandum – D. restrepioides – D. revolutum – D. reypimentelii – D. rhabdoglossum – D. rhipidolobum – D. rhodobalion – D. rhodocentrum – D. rhodochilum – D. rhodostele – D. rhodostictum – D. rhombeum – D. rhombopetalum – D. rhytidothece – D. rickscottianum – D. ridleyanum – D. rigidifolium – D. rigidum – D. rindjaniense – D. riparium – D. ritaeanum – D. roseatum – D. roseicolor – D. roseiodorum – D. roseipes – D. rosellum – D. roseoflavidum – D. roseonervatum – D. roseopunctatum – D. roseosparsum – D. roseostriatum – D. rotundatum – D. ruckeri – D. ruginosum – D. rugosum – D. rugulosum – D. rumphiae – D. rupestre – D. rupicola – D. rupicoloides – D. rutriferum – D. ruttenii
s

D. sabahense – D. sacculiferum – D. sagittatum – D. salaccense – D. salicifolium – D. salmoneum – D. salomonense – D. sambasanum – D. samoense – D. sancristobalense – D. sanderae – D. sandsii – D. sanguinolentum – D. sanseiense – D. sarawakense – D. sarcochilus – D. sarcophyllum – D. sarmentosum – D. savannicola – D. sayeri – D. scabrilingue – D. schettleri – D. schinzii – D. schistoglossum – D. schneiderae – D. schoeninum – D. schouteniense – D. schuetzei – D. schuitemanii – D. schulleri – D. schwartzkopfianum – D. schweinfurthianum – D. scirpoides – D. scopa – D. scopula – D. scoriarum – D. scorpionis – D. scotiiforme – D. sculptum – D. secundum – D. sematoglossum – D. senile – D. sepikanum – D. septemcostulatum – D. seranicum – D. serena-alexianum – D. serratilabium – D. serratipetalum – D. sessanicum – D. setifolium – D. setosum – D. shearmanii – D. shiraishii – D. shixingense – D. shompenii – D. shramii – D. siberutense – D. sibilense – D. sibuyanense – D. sidikalangense – D. siewhongii – D. signatum – D. similissimum – D. simondii – D. simplex – D. singaporense – D. singkawangense – D. singulare – D. sinianum – D. sinominutiflorum – D. sinsuronense – D. sinuosum – D. sirophyton – D. sitanalae – D. sladei – D. sleumeri – D. smillieae – D. smithianum – D. solomonense – D. somae – D. soriense – D. sororium – D. spatella – D. spathilabium – D. spathilingue – D. spathipetalum – D. spathulatum – D. speciosum – D. speckmaieri – D. spectabile – D. spectatissimum – D. speculum – D. spenceanum – D. sphenochilum – D. spiculatum – D. spinuliferum – D. spurium – D. squamiferum – D. steatoglossum – D. steinii – D. stelidiiferum – D. stella-silvae – D. stellare – D. stelliferum – D. stenocentrum – D. stenoglossum – D. stenophyllum – D. stenophytoides – D. stenophyton – D. stictanthum – D. stipiticola – D. stockelbuschii – D. stockeri – D. stolleanum – D. stratiotes – D. straussianum – D. strebloceras – D. strepsiceros – D. stricticalcarum – D. striolatum – D. strongylanthum – D. strongyloflorum – D. stuposum – D. subacaule – D. subansiriense – D. subbilobatum – D. subcarinatum – D. subclausum – D. subelobatum – D. subfalcatum – D. subflavidum – D. subintegrum – D. sublobatum – D. subpandifolium – D. subpetiolatum – D. subquadratum – D. subradiatum – D. subretusum – D. subserratum – D. subtricostatum – D. subulatoides – D. subulatum – D. subuliferum – D. sulcatum – D. sulphureum – D. summerhayesianum – D. superans – D. sutepense – D. sutiknoi – D. suzukii – D. swartzii – D. sylvanum
t

D. taeniocaule – D. takadui – D. tampangii – D. tangerinum – D. tanjiewhoei – D. tapiniense – D. tarawalla – D. taurinum – D. taurulinum – D. taveuniense – D. tawauense – D. taylorii – D. teloense – D. tenellum – D. tentaculatum – D. tenue – D. tenuicaule – D. terengganuensis – D. teretifolium – D. terminale – D. tetrachromum – D. tetraedre – D. tetragonum – D. tetralobatum – D. tetralobum – D. textile – D. thinhii – D. thyrsiflorum – D. thyrsodes – D. thysanophorum – D. tinukariensis – D. tiongii – D. tipula – D. tipuliferum – D. tobaense – D. tokai – D. tomaniense – D. toppiorum – D. torajaense – D. toressae – D. torquisepalum – D. torricellense – D. tortile – D. tortitepalum – D. toxopei – D. tozerense – D. trachythece – D. trankimianum – D. transparens – D. transtilliferum – D. transversilobum – D. trantuanii – D. treacherianum – D. treubii – D. treutleri – D. triangulum – D. tricallosum – D. trichosepalum – D. trichostomum – D. tricristatum – D. tricuspe – D. tridentatum – D. tridentiferum – D. trifurcatum – D. trigonellodorum – D. trigonopus – D. trilamellatum – D. trilobulatum – D. trinervium – D. triquetrum – D. triste – D. tropaeoliflorum – D. tropidophorum – D. trullatum – D. truncatum – D. truncicola – D. truongcuongii – D. tsangianum – D. tsii – D. tuberculatum – D. tubiflorum – D. tuensangense – D. tunense – D. turbinatum
u

D. uliginosum – D. umbellatum – D. umbonatum – D. uncatum – D. uncipes – D. undatialatum – D. unibulbe – D. unicarinatum – D. unicorne – D. unicum – D. uniflorum – D. usterii – D. usterioides – D. ustulatum – D. utile
v

D. vagabundum – D. vagans – D. validicolle – D. vanderwateri – D. vandifolium – D. vandoides – D. vanhulstijnii – D. vanilliodorum – D. vanleeuwenii – D. vannouhuysii – D. vanuatuense – D. velutinelabrum – D. ventricosum – D. ventrilabium – D. venustum – D. vernicosum – D. verruciferum – D. verruciflorum – D. verruculosum – D. versicolor – D. versteegii – D. vesiculosum – D. vestigiiferum – D. vexillarius – D. victoriae-reginae – D. vietnamense – D. villosulum – D. vinosum – D. violaceoflavens – D. violaceominiatum – D. violaceopictum – D. violaceum – D. violascens – D. virgineum – D. viridiflorum – D. viridulum – D. virotii – D. vitiense – D. vogelsangii – D. vonroemeri
w

D. wangliangii – D. wantipiense – D. wardianum – D. wassellii – D. wattii – D. wekainense – D. wenshanense – D. wentianum – D. wenzelii – D. whistleri – D. wichersii – D. widjajanum – D. wightii – D. williamsianum – D. williamsonii – D. wilsonii – D. wisselense – D. wollastonii – D. woluense – D. womersleyi – D. woodsii – D. wulaiense
x

D. xanthoacron – D. xanthogenium – D. xantholeucum – D. xanthomeson – D. xanthophlebium – D. xanthothece – D. xichouense – D. xiphophyllum – D. xylophyllum
y

D. yeageri – D. yondaliae – D. yongii – D. ypsilon – D. yulianiae
z

D. zamboangense – D. zebrinum – D. zhenghuoense – D. zhenyuanense
Top · a · b · c · d · e · f · g · h · i · j · k · l · m · n · o · p · q · r · s · t · u · v · w · x · y · z
Nothospecies: (18)

D. × andersonianum – D. × aurantiivinosum – D. × fleischeri – D. × foederatum – D. × grimesii – D. × nitidum – D. × pahangense – D. × primulardii – D. × ruppiosum – D. × speciokingianum – D. × suffusum – D. × superbiens – D. × tungchii – D. × usitae – D. × vexabile – D. × vonpaulsenianum – D. × wiganiae – D. × yengiliense
Name

Dendrobium Sw., Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 6: 82 (1799), nom. cons.

Type species: Dendrobium moniliforme (L.) Sw., Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 6: 85 (1799)

Synonymy

Heterotypic
Callista Lour., Fl. Cochinch.: 519 (1790)
Ceraia Lour., Fl. Cochinch.: 518 (1790)
Aporum Blume, Bijdr.: 334 (1825)
Desmotrichum Blume, Bijdr.: 329 (1825), nom. illeg.
Grastidium Blume, Bijdr.: 333 (1825)
Macrostomium Blume, Bijdr.: 335 (1825)
Onychium Blume, Bijdr.: 323 (1825)
Pedilonum Blume, Bijdr.: 320 (1825)
Schismoceras C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 96 (1827)
Cadetia Gaudich., Voy. Uranie: 422 (1829)
Orthoglottis Breda, Gen. Sp. Orchid. Asclep. 4: t. 20 (1830)
Thelychiton Endl., Prodr. Fl. Norfolk.: 32 (1833)
Keranthus Lour. ex Endl., Gen. Pl.: 193 (1836)
Endeisa Raf., Fl. Tellur. 2: 51 (1837)
Tropilis Raf., Fl. Tellur. 2: 95 (1837)
Ditulima Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 41 (1838)
Froscula Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 44 (1838)
Ormostema Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 38 (1838)
Pierardia Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 41 (1838), nom. illeg.
Thicuania Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 47 (1838)
Latourea Blume, Rumphia 4: 41 (1849)
Aclinia Griff., Not. Pl. Asiat. 3: 320 (1851)
Dichopus Blume, Mus. Bot. 2: 176 (1856)
Stachyobium Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. 1869: 785 (1869)
Coelandria Fitzg., Austral. Orch. 1(7): t. 2 (1882)
Sayeria Kraenzl., Oesterr. Bot. Z. 44: 298 (1894)
Diplocaulobium (Rchb.f.) Kraenzl. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 50 II B 21: 331 (1910)
Goldschmidtia Dammer, Orchis 4: 86 (1910)
Inobulbon Schltr. & Kraenzl. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 50(45): 316 (1910)
Epigeneium Gagnep., Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., II, 4: 593 (1932)
Katherinea A.D.Hawkes, Lloydia 19: 94 (1956)
Ephemerantha P.F.Hunt & Summerh., Taxon 10: 102 (1961)
Flickingeria A.D.Hawkes, Orchid Weekly 2: 251 (1961)
Amblyanthus (Schltr.) Brieger, in F.R.R. Schlechter, Die Orchideen 1(11-12): 686 (1981), nom. illeg.
Australorchis Brieger, in F.R.R. Schlechter, Die Orchideen, 1(11-12): 741 (1981)
Bolbodium (Lindl.) Brieger, in F.R.R. Schlechter, Die Orchideen 1(11-12): 721 (1981), nom. illeg.
Conostalix (Kraenzl.) Brieger, in F.R.R. Schlechter, Die Orchideen 1(11-12): 659 (1981)
Dendrocoryne (Lindl.) Brieger, in F.R.R. Schlechter, Die Orchideen 1(11-12): 724 (1981), nom. inval.
Dockrillia Brieger, in F.R.R. Schlechter, Die Orchideen 1(11-12): 745 (1981)
Dolichocentrum (Schltr.) Brieger, in F.R.R. Schlechter, Die Orchideen 1(11-12): 659 (1981)
Eriopexis (Schltr.) Brieger, in F.R.R. Schlechter, Die Orchideen 1(11-12): 656 (1981)
Euphlebium (Kraenzl.) Brieger, in F.R.R. Schlechter, Die Orchideen 1(11-12): 722 (1981)
Herpetophytum (Schltr.) Brieger, in F.R.R. Schlechter, Die Orchideen 1(11-12): 660 (1981)
Kinetochilus (Schltr.) Brieger, in F.R.R. Schlechter, Die Orchideen 1(11-12): 686 (1981)
Latourorchis Brieger, in F.R.R. Schlechter, Die Orchideen 1(11-12): 727 (1981)
Microphytanthe (Schltr.) Brieger, in F.R.R. Schlechter, Die Orchideen 1(11-12): 742 (1981)
Monanthos (Schltr.) Brieger, in F.R.R. Schlechter, Die Orchideen 1(11-12): 660 (1981)
Trachyrhizum (Schltr.) Brieger, in F.R.R. Schlechter, Die Orchideen 1(11-12): 687 (1981)
Amblyanthe Rauschert, Feddes Repert. 94: 436 (1983)
Cannaeorchis M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Lasianthera 1: 132 (1997 publ. 1998)
Winika M.A.Clem., D.L.Jones & Molloy, Orchadian 12: 214 (1997)
Tetrodon (Kraenzl.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Orchadian 12: 310 (1998)
Abaxianthus M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Orchadian 13: 485 (2002)
Aporopsis (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Orchadian 13: 485 (2002)
Bouletia M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Orchadian 13: 485 (2002)
Cepobaculum M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Orchadian 13: 486 (2002)
Ceratobium (Lindl.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Orchadian 13: 486 (2002)
Chromatotriccum M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Orchadian 13: 493 (2002)
Davejonesia M.A.Clem., Orchadian 13: 487 (2002)
Dendrobates M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Orchadian 13: 387 (2002)
Distichorchis M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Orchadian 13: 487 (2002)
× Dockrilobium J.M.H.Shaw, Orchid Rev. 110(Suppl.): 83 (2002)
Durabaculum M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Orchadian 13: 487 (2002)
Eleutheroglossum (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Orchadian 13: 489 (2002)
Eurycaulis M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Orchadian 13: 490 (2002)
Exochanthus M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Orchadian 13: 496 (2002)
Ichthyostomum D.L.Jones, M.A.Clem. & Molloy, Orchadian 13: 499 (2002)
Leioanthum M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Orchadian 13: 490 (2002)
Maccraithea M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Orchadian 13: 496 (2002)
Oxyglossellum M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Orchadian 13: 490 (2002)
Sarcocadetia (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Orchadian 13: 490 (2002)
Stelbophyllum D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem., Orchadian 13: 490 (2002), orth. var.
Stilbophyllum D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem., Orchadian 13: 490 (2002)
Tetrabaculum D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem., Orchadian 13: 490 (2002)
× Vappaculum D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem., Orchadian 13: 492 (2002)
Vappodes D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem., Orchadian 13: 492 (2002)
Anisopetala (Kraenzl.) M.A.Clem., Telopea 10: 283 (2003)
Asarum Archila, Revista Guatemalensis 18(1): 31 (2015), nom. illeg.
Hibiscorchis Archila & Vinc.Bertolini, Revista Guatemalensis 18(1): 12 (2015)

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Asia-Temperate
China
China South-Central, Hainan, China North-Central, China Southeast, Tibet.
Eastern Asia
Japan, Korea, Nansei-shoto, Taiwan.
Asia-Tropical
Indian Subcontinent
Assam, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, India, Maldives, Nepal, Sri Lanka, West Himalaya.
Indo-China
Andaman Islands, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Nicobar Islands, Thailand, Vietnam.
Malesia
Borneo, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Islands, Malaya, Maluku, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Christmas Isle.
Papuasia
Bismarck Archipelago, New Guinea, Solomon Islands.
Australasia
Australia
Norfolk Islands, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia.
New Zealand
Kermadec Islands, New Zealand North, New Zealand South.
Pacific
Southwestern Pacific
Fiji, Niue, New Caledonia, Samoa, Santa Cruz Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu, Wallis-Futuna Islands.
South-Central Pacific
Cook Islands, Society Islands, Tubuai Islands.
Northwestern Pacific
Caroline Islands, Marianas.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.W. & Rasmussen, F.N. (eds.) 2014. Genera Orchidacearum Volume 6: Epidendroideae (Part three); page 51 ff., Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19964-651-7
Swartz, O.P. 1799. Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis 6: 82.

Additional references

Adams, P.B. (2011) Systematics of Dendrobiinae (Orchidaceae), with special reference to Australian taxa. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 166: 105–126.
Schuiteman, A. (2011) Dendrobium (Orchidaceae): To split or not to split?. Gardens' Bulletin. Singapore 63: 245–257. Available online, accessed June 1 2013
Wood, H.P. (2006) The Dendrobiums: 1–847. A.R.G. Gantner Verlag K.G.

Links

'eFloras 2009. Dendrobium in Flora of China vol. 25 Orchidaceae --> pdf Dendrobium
Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2021. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Dendrobium. Accessed: 2021 Jan 12.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Dendrobium in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jan 12. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Dendrobium in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jan 12. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Dendrobium. Published online. Accessed: 12 Jan 2021.
The Plant List 2013. Dendrobium in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jan 12.
Tropicos.org 2021. Dendrobium. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jan 12.

Vernacular names

العربية: دندربيون
অসমীয়া: ডেনদ্ৰবিয়াম
suomi: Puikkokämmekät
hornjoserbsce: Štomowa orchideja
magyar: Vesszőkosbor
日本語: セッコク属
한국어: 덴드로븀
перем коми: Дендробиум
коми: Дендробиум
lietuvių: Dendrobis
олык марий: Дендробиум
മലയാളം: ഡെൻഡ്രോബിയം
кырык мары: Дендробиум
português: Dendróbio
русский: Дендробиум
slovenčina: Dendróbium
ไทย: สกุลหวาย (กล้วยไม้)
удмурт: Дендробиум
українська: Дендробіум
Tiếng Việt: Lan hoàng thảo
中文: 石斛蘭屬

Dendrobium is a genus of mostly epiphytic and lithophytic orchids in the family Orchidaceae. It is a very large genus, containing more than 1,800 species that are found in diverse habitats throughout much of south, east and southeast Asia, including China, Japan, India, the Philippines,, Indonesia, Australia, New Guinea, Vietnam and many of the islands of the Pacific. Orchids in this genus have roots that creep over the surface of trees or rocks, rarely having their roots in soil. Up to six leaves develop in a tuft at the tip of a shoot and from one to a large number of flowers are arranged along an unbranched flowering stem. Several attempts have been made to separate Dendrobium into smaller genera, but most have not been accepted by the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Labelled diagram of Dendrobium kingianum

Description

Dendrobium species are mostly epiphytic, or lithophytic although a few species are terrestrial. They are sympodial herbs with cylindrical roots usually arising from the base of a pseudobulb. The pseudobulbs, when present, are hard, sometimes cane-like, cylindrical or cone-shaped and more or less covered with the bases of the leaves. There are from one to many leaves arranged in two ranks, the leaves varying in shape from linear to oblong, sometimes cylindrical but never channelled or grooved. They are usually much longer than wide and last for only a single season.[3][4][5]

Between one and a large number of resupinate or non-resupinate flowers are arranged along an unbranched flowering stem and may be short or long-lived. The flowers may be white, green, yellow, or pink to purple, often with contrasting colours in the labellum. The sepals and petals are usually free from and more or less similar to each other but markedly different from the labellum. The labellum is more or less egg-shaped, with the narrower end towards the base and flanks the column. There is often a callus consisting of narrow, parallel ridges, in the centre of the labellum.[3][4][5]
Taxonomy and naming

The genus Dendrobium was first formally described in 1799 by Olof Swartz and the description was published in Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis.[1][6] The name Dendrobium is derived from the ancient Greek words dendron meaning "tree" and bios meaning "life", referring to the epiphytic habit of most species.[6][7]

In 1981, Friedrich Brieger reclassified all terete-leaved dendrobiums from Australia and New Guinea into a new genus, Dockrillia and in 2002 David Jones and Mark Clements separated the genus into smaller genera, including Thelychiton, Tropilis, Vappodes and Winika but all of these genera are regarded as synonyms by the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.[1]
Distribution and habitat

Orchids in the genus Dendrobium have adapted to a wide variety of habitats, from the high altitudes in the Himalayan mountains to lowland tropical forests and even to the dry climate of the Australian desert.

Uses
Use in horticulture

Dendrobium is abbreviated as Den. by the Royal Horticultural Society.[8] Some species are in great demand by orchid lovers. This has resulted in numerous varieties and hybrids, such as the noble dendrobium (Den. nobile) breeds, which have greatly extended the range of colors of the original plant from the Himalayas. The flowers of Cuthbertson's dendrobium (Den. cuthbertsonii) have been reported to last up to ten months each.

Many Dendrobium species are known to vigorously remove toluene and xylene from the air.[9]

Several hybrids in this genus have been registered and named after notable persons and institutions:

Dendrobium Bae Yong-joon
Dendrobium Sccci 100th Anniversary
Dendrobium Margaret Thatcher
Dendrobium Iriana Jokowi
Dendrobium Joseph Schooling
Dendrobium Yip Pin Xiu

The grex Dendrobium Berry gx [10] has received the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.
Medicinal uses
A nobile-type cultivar or hybrid. Dendrobium nobile has been extensively bred in the horticultural industry, resulting in cultivars and hybrids with exceptional flower count and various patterning.

Some Dendrobium species are cultivated as medicinal plants.[11] The noble dendrobium (D. nobile) for example is one of the 50 fundamental herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine, where it is known as shí hú (石斛) or shí hú lán (石斛兰).

The 1889 book 'The Useful Native Plants of Australia records that Dendrobium canaliculatum was called "yamberin" by the Indigenous People of Queensland, Australia and that "The bulbous stems, after being deprived of the old leaves are edible (Thozet)."[12]
In culture

Many species and cultivars of this genus are well-known floral emblems and have been figured in artwork. Among the former are:

Dendrobium formosum (beautiful giant-flowered dendrobium) – emblem of Ranong Province (Thailand)
Dendrobium 'Kim il Sung' (Kimilsungia) – emblem of North Korea[13]
Dendrobium moniliforme (Sekikoku) – emblem of Matsushima, Miyagi (Japan)
Dendrobium nobile (noble dendrobium) – emblem of Sikkim (India)
Dendrobium bigibbum (Cooktown orchid, anggrek larat) – emblem of Maluku province (Indonesia) and Queensland (Australia).
Dendrobium utile[14] (locally known as anggrek serat) – emblem of the, Indonesian province of South East Sulawesi

The Cooktown orchid was figured on Australian stamps in 1968 and 1998, and flowers of several Dendrobium greges are depicted on the obverse side of the Singapore Orchid Series currency notes issued between 1967 and 1976:

Dendrobium Marjorie Ho – S$10[15]
Dendrobium Shangri-La – S$500[16]
Dendrobium Kimiyo Kondo – S$1000[17]

The golden-bow dendrobium (D. chrysotoxum), colloquially called fried-egg orchid was one of the species grown by the fictional private detective and orchid fancier Nero Wolfe, and plays a role in The Final Deduction.
Gallery

Dendrobium Chet's Choice (Dendrobium densiflorum × farmeri), a hybrid belonging to the section Densiflorum (syn. Callista)

Dendrobium 'Mini Brown'[verification needed], a hybrid belonging to the section Spatulata

Painting of a typical Dendrobium by I. V. Passmoore, probably the hybrid Dendrobium Lucky Seven

Dendrobium Margaret Thatcher, a hybrid belonging to the section Spatulata

Dendrobium hybrid belonging to the section Phalaenanthe

Dendrobium hybrid

Dendrobium salaccense

Dendrobium from Kottayam

References

"Dendrobium". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
"Dendrobium Sw". Plants of the World Online. Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 2017. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
Zhu, Guanghua; Ji, Zhanhe; Wood, Jeffrey J.; Wood, Howard P. "Dendrobium (石斛属 shi hu shu)". Flora of China. Retrieved 18 January 2019.
"Genus Dendrobium". Orchids of New Guinea. Retrieved 18 January 2019.
"Dendrobium". Australian National Botanic Gardens. Retrieved 28 February 2021.
Swartz, Olof (1799). "Dianome Epidendri Generis Linn". Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis. 6: 82. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
Quattrocchi, Umberto (2012). CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants: Common Names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, synonyms, and Etymology. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. p. 1350. ISBN 9781482250640.
"Alphabetical list of standard abbreviations of all generic names occurring in current use in orchid hybrid registration as at 31st December 2007" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society.
Wolverton (1996)
"Dendrobium Berry gx". RHS. Retrieved 5 May 2020.
http://uses.plantnet-project.org/en/Dendrobium_(PROSEA)
J. H. Maiden (1889). The useful native plants of Australia : Including Tasmania. Turner and Henderson, Sydney.
Soediono, Noes, Arditti, Joseph and Soediono, Rubismo. Kimilsungia: How an, Indonesian Orchid Became a Revered Symbol in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea After Its Name was Changed. Plant Science Bulletin 75 3 pp. 103-113
"Dendrobium utile J.J.Sm". Plants of the World Online.
"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 November 2008. Retrieved 29 November 2008.
"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 November 2008. Retrieved 29 November 2008.

"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 November 2008. Retrieved 29 November 2008.

Clements, M.A. (1989): Catalogue of Australian Orchidaceae. Australian Orchid Research 1: 45–64.
Wolverton, B.C. (1996): How to Grow Fresh Air. New York: Penguin Books.
Lavarack, B., Harris, W., Stocker, G. (2006): Dendrobium and Its Relatives. Australia: Simon & Schuster Ltd.
Burke, J.M., Bayly, M.J., Adams, P.B., Ladiges, P.Y.: (2008) Molecular phylogenetic analysis of Dendrobium (Orchidaceae), with emphasis on the Australian section Dendrocoryne, and implications for generic classification. Australian Systematic Botany 21: 1-14. Abstract

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