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Dianthus alpinus

Dianthus alpinus

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Caryophyllaceae
Tribus: Caryophylleae
Genus: Dianthus
Subgenus: D. subg. Dianthus
Sectio: D. sect. Barbulatum
Subsectio: D. subsect. Hemisyrhix
Species: Dianthus alpinus
Name

Dianthus alpinus L., 1753
Homonyms

Dianthus alpinus Sm in Sibthorp & Smith = Dianthus haematocalyx subsp. haematocalyx
Dianthus alpinus Vill. = Dianthus seguieri subsp. requienii (Godron) M. Bernal, Laínz & Muñoz Garmendia

Hybrids

D. × oenipontanus
Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europe
Regional: Middle Europe
Austria, NE-Italy, Slovenia (E-Alps)

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 412. Reference page.

Links

Hassler, M. 2019. Dianthus alpinus. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2019. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Sep 05. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Dianthus alpinus in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Sep 05. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Dianthus alpinus. Published online. Accessed: Sep 05 2019.
Tropicos.org 2019. Dianthus alpinus. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 05 Sep 2019.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Dianthus alpinus in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 08-Apr-12.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Alpen-Nelke
English: Alpine Pink
magyar: Havasi szegfű
日本語: ダイアンサス・アルピヌス
ქართული: ალპური მიხაკი
Nederlands: Alpenanjer
русский: Гвоздика альпийская

Dianthus alpinus, the alpine pink, is a species of flowering plant in the family Caryophyllaceae, endemic to the Alps of Eastern Austria.[1] It is a short (2–10 cm high) mat-forming herbaceous perennial, with linear to lanceolate leaves, 15–25 mm long and 2–5 mm wide.[2] The flowers are a deep cerise pink with white spots,[3] appearing from June to August.

A calcicole, the species is found in the north-eastern limestone Alps of Austria from the Totes Gebirge in the west to Semmering and the Schneeberg in the east.

In cultivation in the UK. it has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[3][4] It requires a well-drained position in full sun, such as a rock garden. It may be short-lived in cultivation.
References

Grey-Wilson & Blamey (1979)
Tutin & Walters (1993), p. 239
"Dianthus alpinus". www.rhs.org. Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 24 February 2020.

"AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). www.rhs.org. Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 107. Retrieved 18 February 2020.

Bibliography
Fischer, M. A.; Adler, W.; Oswald, K. (2005). Exkursionsflora für Österreich, Liechtenstein und Südtirol. Linz. ISBN 3-85474-140-5.
Grey-Wilson, C; Blamey, Marjorie (1979). The alpine flowers of Britain and Europe. Collins. ISBN 0002197499.
Sauerbier, Langer (2000). Alpenpflanzen - Endemiten von Nizza bis Wienlocation=Eching. ISBN 3-930167-41-7.
Tutin, T.G.; Walters, S.M. (22 April 1993). "Dianthus". In T. G. Tutin (ed.). Psilotaceae to Platanaceae. Flora Europea. Vol. 1 (2 ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 239. ISBN 978-0-521-41007-6.
Wendelberger (1984). Alpenpflanzen - Blumen, Gräser, Zwergsträucher. München. ISBN 3-7632-2975-2.

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