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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Panicoideae
Tribus: Andropogoneae
Subtribus: Anthistiriinae
Genus: Dichanthium
Species: D. annulatum – D. aristatum – D. armatum – D. caricosum – D. concanense – D. erectum – D. fecundum – D. foulkesii – D. foveolatum – D. mccannii – D. mucronulatum – D. oliganthum – D. panchganiense – D. paranjpyeanum – D. queenslandicum – D. sericeum – D. setosum – D. tenue – D. tuberculatum

Dichanthium Willemet, Ann. Bot. (Usteri) 18: 11 (1796)

Type species: Dichanthium annulatum var. annulatum Lectotype as Dichanthium nodosum Willemet, Ann. Bot. (Usteri) 18: 11 (1796), nom. superfl..


Lepeocercis Trin., Fund. Agrost.: 203 (1820)
Diplasanthum Desv., Mém. Soc. Agric. Angers 1: 170 (1831)
Gymnandropogon (Nees) Duthie in E.T.Atkinson, Gaz. N. W. Ind.: 638 (1878)
Eremopogon Stapf in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 182 (1917)


Willemet, P.R. 1796. Annalen der Botanick. ed. Usteri 18: 11.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2013. Dichanthium in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Dec. 7. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2013. Dichanthium. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Dec. 7.
International Plant Names Index. 2013. Dichanthium. Published online. Accessed: 7 Dec. 2013.

Dichanthium, known commonly as bluestem or bluegrass, is a genus of African, Asian, and Australian plants in the grass family.

Some species have become naturalized in the Americas and on various oceanic islands.[3][4][5][6]


Species include:[1][7]

Dichanthium andringitrense - Queensland
Dichanthium annulatum - Kleberg's bluestem, marvel grass - Asia, Africa, Madagascar, Mauritius, Australia; naturalised in North + South America, Crete, Canary Islands, certain Pacific Islands including Hawaii
Dichanthium aristatum - Angleton bluestem - Yunnan, Taiwan, Thailand, Philippines, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, India; ; naturalised in North + South America, Queensland, various islands in Indian Ocean, Pacific, + West Indies
Dichanthium armatum - Gujarat
Dichanthium caricosum - Indian Subcontinent, Indochina, Guizhou, Yunnan, Java, Malaysia
Dichanthium concanense - Maharashtra
Dichanthium erectum - Lesser Sunda Islands
Dichanthium fecundum - New Guinea
Dichanthium foulkesii - Indian Subcontinent, Nicobar Islands
Dichanthium foveolatum - Asia + Africa from Morocco + Canary Islands to Bangladesh
Dichanthium mccannii - Maharashtra
Dichanthium micranthum - Oman
Dichanthium mucronulatum - Thailand, Pen Malaysia
Dichanthium oliganthum - Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Myanmar
Dichanthium panchganiense - Maharashtra
Dichanthium pertusum - Maharashtra, Karnataka
Dichanthium paranjpyeanum - Maharashtra
Dichanthium queenslandicum - Queensland
Dichanthium sericeum - silky bluestem - Australia, New Guinea, New Caledonia, Southeast Asia; naturalized in scattered locales in North America
Dichanthium setosum - Queensland, New South Wales, Tasmania
Dichanthium tenue - slender bluestem - Queensland, New South Wales
Dichanthium tenuiculum - Luzon
Dichanthium tuberculatum - Madhya Pradesh

Former species

Several species formerly included are now regarded as better suited to other genera, including in: Andropogon, Bothriochloa, Capillipedium, Euclasta, and Pseudodichanthium.[1]

Tropicos, Dichanthium Willemet
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Willemet, Pierre Remi 1796. Annalen der Botanick. ed. Usteri 18: 11
Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 604 双花草属 shuang hua cao shu Dichanthium
Bhat, V., et al. Chapter 6: Dichanthium. In: Kole, C., Ed. Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources, Millets and Grasses. Springer. 2011.
Atlas of Living Australia, Dichanthium Willemet Bluegrasses
The Plant List search for Dichanthium

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