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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Dipsacales

Familia: Caprifoliaceae
Subfamilia: Diervilloideae
Genus: Diervilla
Species: D. lonicera – D. rivularis – D. sessilifolia

Artificial Nothospecies: D. × splendens
Name

Diervilla Mill., Gard. Dict. Abr., ed. 4. (1768)

Type species: D. lonicera Mill.

References

Miller, P. 1768. The Gardeners Dictionary: containing the best and newest methods of cultivating and improving the kitchen, fruit, flower garden, and nursery. Ed. 8, 3 volumes (without pagination), John & Francis Rivington, London. DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.541 Reference page.
Hardin, J.W. 1968. Diervilla (Caprifoliaceae) of the southeastern US. Castanea 33(1): 31-36. JSTOR

Links

Hassler, M. 2019. Diervilla. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2019. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Aug. 20. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Diervilla in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Aug. 20. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Diervilla. Published online. Accessed: Aug. 20 2019.
Tropicos.org 2019. Diervilla. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Aug. 20.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Diervilla in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names
English: Bush Honeysuckle
suomi: Vuohenkuusamat

Diervilla, or bush honeysuckle, is a genus of three species of deciduous shrubs in the family Caprifoliaceae, all indigenous to eastern North America. The genus is named after a French surgeon Dr. Marin Diereville, who introduced the plant to Europe around 1700.

The bush honeysuckles are low in height (1–2 m), of small to medium diameter (1–2 m), and develop into colonies by means of spreading underground rhizomes. Their leaves are simple, opposite and either oval or lanceolate in shape with a toothed edge. The fall color varies between yellow, orange and red. Small tubular flowers, typically pale yellow, are produced in June and July.
Species

Image Common Name Scientific name Distribution
Diervilla lonicera (14409084086).jpg northern bush honeysuckle (other names low bush honeysuckle, dwarf bush honeysuckle, yellow-flowered upright honeysuckle) Diervilla lonicera from Northern Quebec and Labrador to Georgia and Alabama and reaches as far west as Saskatchewan
Diervilla rivularis kz03.jpg mountain bush honeysuckle (other names Georgia bush honeysuckle, hairy bush honeysuckle) Diervilla rivularis Alabama, Georgia and Tennessee.
Diervilla sessilifolia 01.JPG southern bush honeysuckle Diervilla sessilifolia the Great Smoky Mountains and the southern Appalachian Mountains


Other species formerly included in Diervilla are now treated in the genus Weigela. The bush honeysuckles are commonly confused with the common wild honeysuckle (Lonicera tatarica), or the Japanese honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica), both members of the closely related genus Lonicera.

The British Diervilla national collection is held at Sheffield Botanical Gardens; along with the national collection of the closely related genus Weigela.[2]

Diervilla species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the common emerald and the engrailed moths.


References

"Diervilla Tourn. ex Mill. | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 2020-06-28.

Sheffield Botanical Gardens: Diervilla


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