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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Dioscoreales

Familia: Dioscoreaceae
Genera: DioscoreaRajaniaStenomerisTaccaTrichopus

Name

Dioscoreaceae R.Br. Prodr. 294. (1810) nom. cons.

Type genus: Dioscorea L. Sp. Pl. 2: 1032–1034. (1753)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Avetraceae Takht.
Stenomeridaceae J. Agardh
Taccaceae Dumort.
Tamaceae Martynov
Tamnaceae J. Kickx f.
Trichopodaceae Hutchinson, nom. cons.

Note: Tacca is also circumscribed in Taccaceae
References
Primary references

Brown, R. 1810. Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae et Insulae Van Diemen. pp. i–viii + 145–590, Londini: R.Taylor. BHL Reference page. : 294.

Additional references

Caddick, L.R., Wilkin, P., Rudall, P.J., Hedderson, T.A.J. & Chase, M.W. 2002. Yams reclassified: a recircumscription of Dioscoreaceae and Dioscoreales. Taxon 51, 103-114.
Huber, H. 1998. Dioscoreaceae. Flowering Plants. Monocotyledons: Lilianae (excluding Orchidaceae) 216-235.
Lohmueller F.A. 2005. The Botanical System of the Plants[1]

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Dioscoreaceae in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Sept. 6. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2013. Dioscoreaceae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Sept. 16.
International Plant Names Index. 2013. Dioscoreaceae. Published online. Accessed: 16 Sept. 2013.

Vernacular names
العربية: ديسقورية
azərbaycanca: Dioskoreyakimilər
català: Dioscoreàcies
čeština: Smldincovité
Deutsch: Yamswurzelgewächse
English: Yam family
Esperanto: Dioskoreacoj
فارسی: تمیسیان
suomi: Jamssikasvit
Nordfriisk: Yamsplaanten
hrvatski: Bljuštovke
hornjoserbsce: Tučnokorjenjawkowe rostliny
日本語: ヤマノイモ科
Jawa: Gadhung
ქართული: დიოსკორეასებრნი
한국어: 마과
lietuvių: Dioskorėjiniai
മലയാളം: ഡയോസ്ക്കോറിയേസി
norsk: Yamsrotfamilien
polski: Pochrzynowate
русский: Диоскорейные
Sunda: Gadung
svenska: Jamsväxter
తెలుగు: డయోస్కోరియేసి
ไทย: วงศ์กลอย
українська: Діоскорейні
Tiếng Việt: Họ Củ nâu
中文(简体): 薯蓣科
中文(繁體): 薯蕷科

Dioscoreaceae (/ˌdaɪəˌskɔːriˈeɪsii/) is a family of monocotyledonous flowering plants, with about 715 known species in nine genera.[4] The best-known member of the family is the yam (some species of Dioscorea).

The APG system (1998) and APG II system (2003) both place it in the order Dioscoreales, in the clade monocots. However, the circumscription changed in the APG II system, with the 2003 system expanded to include the plants that in the 1998 system were treated in the families Taccaceae and Trichopodaceae.

Taxonomy

The Dioscoreaceae were first described by Brown in 1810 as Dioscoreae,[1][5] and alternatively referred to as Dioscorinae.[3]
Subdivision

The circumscription of Dioscoreaceae has expanded over the years. For instance when Stenomeridaceae, as Stenomeris was also included in Dioscoreaceae as subfamily Stenomeridoideae together with Avetra, the remaining four genera were grouped in subfamily Dioscoreoideae, the two being distinguished by the presence of bisexual and unisexual flowers respectively.[6]
Genera

Dioscoreaceae (sensu stricto)

Borderea
Dioscorea
Epipetrum
Rajania
Stenomeris
Tamus (often included in Dioscorea)

(Taccaceae)

Tacca

(Trichopodaceae)

Trichopus

References

Brown 1810, p. 294.
Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-05-25. Retrieved 2013-06-26.
Agardh 1825.
Christenhusz, M. J. M.; Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. Magnolia Press. 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1.
Tropicos 2020.

Bouman 1995.

Bibliography

Agardh, Carl Adolph (1825). "XI. Liliiflorae". Classes Plantarum (in Latin). Lund: Literis Berlingianis. p. 8.
Bouman, F. Seed Structure and Systematics in Dioscoreales. pp. 139–156., In Rudall et al (1995)
Brown, Robert (1810). Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae et Insulae Van Diemen (in Latin). London: Richard Taylor & Son.
Rudall, P.J.; Cribb, P.J.; Cutler, D.F.; Humphries, C.J., eds. (1995). Monocotyledons: systematics and evolution (Proceedings of the International Symposium on Monocotyledons: Systematics and Evolution, Kew 1993). Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens. ISBN 978-0-947643-85-0. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
"Dioscoreaceae R. Br". Tropicos. Missouri Botanical Garden. 2020. Retrieved 5 January 2020.

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