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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Brassicales

Familia: Brassicaceae
Tribus: Brassiceae
Genus: Diplotaxis
Species: D. acris – D. antoniensis – D. assurgens – D. berthautii – D. brachycarpa – D. brevisiliqua – D. catholica – D. cossoniana – D. duveyrierana – D. erucoides – D. glauca – D. gorgadensis – D. gracilis – D. griffithii – D. harra – D. hirta – D. ibicensis – D. ilorcitana – D. kohlaanensis – D. muralis – D. ollivieri – D. pitardiana – D. siettiana – D. siifolia – D. simplex – D. sundingii – D. tenuifolia – D. tenuisiliqua – D. villosa – D. viminea – D. virgata – D. vogelii
Source(s) of checklist:

Koch, M.A. et al. 2019. Diplotaxis (Brassicaceae) in BrassiBase Tools and biological resources to study characters and traits in the Brassicaceae. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 May 23.


Diplotaxis DC., Syst. Nat. 2: 628. (1821)

Type species: Diplotaxis tenuifolia (L.) DC., Syst. Nat. 2: 632–633. (1821)


Pendulina Willk.


Candolle, A.P. de, 1821. Regni Vegetabilis Systema Naturale 2: 628.
Rustan, O.H., 1996. Revision of the genus Diplotaxis (Brassicaceae) in the Cape Verde islands, W Africa. Nordic Journal of Botany 16 (1): 19–50. Abstract: [1].


Koch, M.A. et al. 2019. Diplotaxis in BrassiBase Tools and biological resources to study characters and traits in the Brassicaceae. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 May 23.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Diplotaxis. Published online. Accessed: May 23 2019.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Diplotaxis in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 May 23. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2019. Diplotaxis. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 May 23.

Vernacular names
العربية: خفج, جهق
čeština: křez
Deutsch: Doppelsamen
English: Wall Rocket
español: Jaramagos
eesti: Liivsinep
فارسی: دورج
suomi: Hietasinapit
עברית: טוריים
hornjoserbsce: Wonječk
lietuvių: Šatreinis
Nederlands: Zandkool
norsk: Diplotaxis
polski: Dwurząd
slovenčina: dvojradovka
українська: Дворядник
中文: 二行芥属

Diplotaxis (wall-rocket) is a genus of 32–34 species of flowering plants in the family Brassicaceae (Cruciferae), native to Europe, the Mediterranean region and Macaronesia; the species diversity is highest in the Iberian Peninsula, North Africa and the Cape Verde archipelago.[1] They are annual or perennial plants, either herbaceous or sub-shrubby with a woody base. The flowers are yellow in most species, but are white in Diplotaxis erucoides and violet in Diplotaxis acris.[1] Some species, such as Diplotaxis tenuifolia and Diplotaxis muralis, have been historically used as leaf vegetables, are similar to Eruca sativa in their peppery flavour, and are used interchangeably with it.[2]

Diplotaxis contains the following species:[1]

Diplotaxis acris (Forssk.) Boiss.
Diplotaxis antoniensis Rustan
Diplotaxis assurgens (Delile) Thell.
Diplotaxis berthautii Braun-Blanq. & Maire
Diplotaxis brachycarpa Godron
Diplotaxis brevisiliqua (Coss.) Mart.-Laborde
Diplotaxis catholica (L.) DC.
Diplotaxis cretacea Kolov
Diplotaxis erucoides (L.) DC. – white wall-rocket
Diplotaxis glauca (J.A.Schmidt) O.E.Schulz
Diplotaxis gorgadensis Rustan
Diplotaxis gracilis (Webb) O.E.Schulz
Diplotaxis griffithii (Hook.f. & Thomson) Boiss.
Diplotaxis harra (Forssk.) Boiss.
Diplotaxis hirta (A.Chev.) Rustan & L.Borgen
Diplotaxis ibicensis (Pau) Gómez-Campo
Diplotaxis ilorcitana (Sennen) Aedo, Mart.-Laborde & Muñoz Garm.
Diplotaxis kohlaanensis A. G. Miller & J. Nyberg
Diplotaxis muralis (L.) DC. – annual wall-rocket
Diplotaxis nepalensis Hara
Diplotaxis ollivieri Maire
Diplotaxis pitardiana Maire
Diplotaxis scaposa DC.
Diplotaxis siettiana Maire
Diplotaxis siifolia Kunze
Diplotaxis simplex (Viv.) Spreng.
Diplotaxis sundingii Rustan
Diplotaxis tenuifolia (L.) DC. – perennial wall-rocket
Diplotaxis tenuisiliqua Delile
Diplotaxis varia Rustan
Diplotaxis villosa Boulos & W.Jallad
Diplotaxis viminea (L.) DC.
Diplotaxis virgata (Cav.) DC.
Diplotaxis vogelii (Webb) Cout.


Domenico Pignone; Juan B. Martínez-Laborde (2011). "Diplotaxis". In Chittaranjan Kole (ed.). Oilseeds. Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources. Springer. pp. 137–147. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-14871-2_7. ISBN 978-3-642-14871-2.
Grillo, Oscar; Draper, David; Venora, Gianfranco; Bautista Martinez-Laborde, Juan (2012). "Seed image analysis and taxonomy of Diplotaxis DC.(Brassicaceae, Brassiceae)". Systematics and Biodiversity. 10 (1): 57–70. doi:10.1080/14772000.2012.658881. S2CID 86153208. Retrieved 14 October 2016.

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