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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Orchidoideae
Tribus: Diseae
Subtribus: Brownleeinae - Coryciinae - Disinae - Huttonaeinae - Satyriinae

Name

Diseae Benth. & Hook. (1883) J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 18: 288.

Typus: Disa Berg., Descr. Pl. Cap.: 348 (1767)

References

Linder, H.P. & Kurzweil, H. (1994) The Phylogeny and Classification of the Diseae (Orchidoideae: Orchidaceae), Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 81 (4), pp. 687-713.
Douzey, E.J.P., Pridgeon, A.M., Korkes, P., Linder, P., Kurzweil, H. and Chase, M.W., (1999) Molecular Phylogenetics of Diseae (Orchidaceae): A Contribution from Nuclear Ribosomal ITS Sequences, American Journal of Botany 86(6): 887–899.
Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.W. & Rasmussen, F.N. (eds.) 2001. Genera Orchidacearum Volume 2: Orchidoideae (Part one); page 11 ff., Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-850710-0
Emonocot.org 2013. Diseae in The Orders and Families of Monocotyledons. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 May 15.

Diseae is an orchid tribe in the subfamily Orchidoideae.[1] It was recognized in Genera Orchidacearum volume 2, which was published in 2001. It consisted of 12 genera in five subtribes. In molecular phylogenetic studies that were published after 1999, it was shown that Diseae is paraphyletic over the tribe Orchideae.[2] In a classification of orchids that was published in 2015, Diseae was not recognized, but was instead placed in synonymy under Orchideae.[3]

In 2007, a molecular phylogenetic study showed that the large genus Disa (~182 species) is paraphyletic over the small genus Schizodium.[4][5] Accordingly, in the 2015 classification, the genus Schizodium was sunk into Disa. Also, the subtribe Huttonaeinae was sunk into Disinae, and the subtribe Satyriinae was sunk into Orchidinae. The expanded tribe Orchideae consisted of the subtribes Brownleeinae, Disinae, Coryciinae, and Orchidinae. Disperis was transferred from Coryciinae to Brownleeinae and Pachites was transferred from Satyriinae to Disinae. The placement of Pachites and Huttonaea in Disinae was done with considerable doubt. Four genera were recognized in the subtribe Coryciinae (Evotella, Ceratandra, Corycium and Pterygodium), even tho it was known that Corycium and Pterygodium are polyphyletic, with all but one species of Corycium composing a clade that is deeply embedded within Pterygodium.[6]

The genera of Diseae have most or all of their species in southern Africa and Madagascar. Diseae accounts for more than half of the orchids of southern Africa and has about 400 species.[6] Disperis has a few species in tropical Africa and Asia, including Malesia. Disa extends to the Arabian peninsula and the Mascarene islands. Pterygodium has one species in Tanzania. Satyrium is mostly African, but extends through South Asia to China.[7]
References

Alec M. Pridgeon; Phillip J. Cribb; Mark W. Chase; Finn N. Rasmussen (2001-01-18). Genera Orchidacearum: Volume 2. Orchidoideae. Oxford University Press. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-19-850710-9.. (See External links below).
Emmanuel J. P. Douzery, Alec M. Pridgeon, Paul Kores, H. P. Linder, Hubert Kurzweil, and Mark W. Chase. 1999. "Molecular phylogenetics of Diseae (Orchidaceae): a contribution from nuclear ribosomal ITS sequences". American Journal of Botany 86(6):887-899. PDF
Mark W. Chase, Kenneth M. Cameron, John V. Freudenstein, Alec M. Pridgeon, Gerardo A. Salazar, Cássio van den Berg, and André Schuiteman. 2015. "An updated classification of Orchidaceae". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 177(2):151-174. (See External links below).
Benny Bytebier, Dirk U. Bellstedt, and Hans Peter Linder. 2007. "A molecular phylogeny for the large African orchid genus Disa". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 43(1):75-90. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2006.08.014
Benny Bytebier, Dirk U. Bellstedt, and Hans Peter Linder. 2008. "A New Phylogeny-Based Sectional Classification for the Large African Orchid Genus Disa". Taxon 57(4):1233-1251. 19 pages.
Richard J. Waterman, Anton Pauw, Timothy G. Barraclough, and Vincent Savolainen. 2009. "Pollinators underestimated: A molecular phylogeny reveals widespread floral convergence in oil-secreting orchids (sub-tribe Coryciinae) of the Cape of South Africa". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 51(1):100-110. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2008.05.020.
Hans Peter Linder and Hubert Kurzweil. 1999. Orchids of Southern Africa. 504 pages. A. A. Balkema. ISBN 978-90-5410-445-2.

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