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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Nepetoideae
Tribus: Mentheae
Subtribus: Nepetinae
Genus: Dracocephalum
Species: D. aitchisonii – D. argunense – D. aucheri – D. austriacum – D. bipinnatum – D. botryoides – D. breviflorum – D. bullatum – D. butkovii – D. calophyllum – D. charkeviczii – D. discolor – D. diversifolium – D. ferganicum – D. foetidum – D. formosum – D. forrestii – D. fragile – D. fruticulosum – D. grandiflorum – D. heterophyllum – D. hoboksarensis – D. imberbe – D. imbricatum – D. integrifolium – D. isabellae – D. jacutense – D. junatovii – D. kafiristanicum – D. komarovii – D. kotschyi – D. krylovii – D. lindbergii – D. longipedicellatum – D. microflorum – D. moldavica – D. multicaule – D. multicolor – D. nodulosum – D. nuratavicum – D. nuristanicum – D. nutans – D. oblongifolium – D. olchonense – D. origanoides – D. palmatoides – D. palmatum – D. parviflorum – D. paulsenii – D. peregrinum – D. pinnatum – D. polychaetum – D. popovii – D. propinquum – D. psammophilum – D. purdomii – D. renati – D. rigidulum – D. rupestre – D. ruyschiana – D. schischkinii – D. scrobiculatum – D. spinulosum – D. stamineum – D. stellerianum – D. subcapitatum – D. surmandinum – D. taliense – D. tanguticum – D. thymiflorum – D. truncatum – D. velutinum – D. wallichii – D. wendelboi
Name

Dracocephalum L., Sp. Pl. 2: 594 (1753) nom. cons.
Type species: Dracocephalum moldavica L., Sp. Pl. 2: 595 (1753)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Ruyschiana Mill., Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4 (1754)
Moldavica Fabr., Enum.: 55. 1759.
Ruyschia Fabr., Enum.: 55. 1759, nom. inval., orth. var. – non Ruyschia Jacq., Enum. Syst. Pl.: 2, 17. 1760.
Cephaloma Neck., Elem. Bot. 1: 314 (1790), opus utique oppr.
Dracontocephalium Hassk., Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor.: 132 (1844)
Fedtschenkiella Kudr., Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Uzbekistansk. Fil. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 4: 3 (1941)

References

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum 2: 594.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2014. Dracocephalum in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 July 4. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2014. Dracocephalum. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 July 4.
International Plant Names Index. 2014. Dracocephalum. Published online. Accessed: July 4 2014.

Vernacular names
беларуская: Змеегалоўнік
English: Dragon's Head
eesti: Tondipea
suomi: Ampiaisyrtit
norsk nynorsk: Dragehodeslekta
norsk: Dragehodeslekta
русский: Змееголовник

Dracocephalum is a genus of about 60[1] to 70 species[2][3] of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae, native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. These flowers, collectively called dragonhead, are annual or perennial herbaceous plants or subshrubs, growing to 15 to 90 centimeters tall.
Selected species

Dracocephalum aitchisonii Rech.f.
Dracocephalum argunense Fisch. ex Link
Dracocephalum aucheri Boiss.
Dracocephalum austriacum L.
Dracocephalum bipinnatum Rupr.
Dracocephalum botryoides Steven
Dracocephalum breviflorum Turrill
Dracocephalum bullatum Forrest ex Diels
Dracocephalum butkovii Krassovsk.
Dracocephalum calophyllum Hand.-Mazz.
Dracocephalum charkeviczii Prob.
Dracocephalum discolor Bunge
Dracocephalum diversifolium Rupr.
Dracocephalum ferganicum Lazkov
Dracocephalum foetidum Bunge
Dracocephalum formosum Gontsch.
Dracocephalum forrestii W.W.Sm.
Dracocephalum fragile Turcz. ex Benth.
Dracocephalum fruticulosum Steph. ex Willd.
Dracocephalum grandiflorum L.
Dracocephalum heterophyllum Benth.
Dracocephalum hoboksarensis G.J.Liu
Dracocephalum imberbe Bunge
Dracocephalum imbricatum C.Y.Wu & W.T.Wang
Dracocephalum integrifolium Bunge
Dracocephalum isabellae Forrest ex W.W.Sm.
Dracocephalum jacutense Peschkova
Dracocephalum junatovii A.L.Budantsev
Dracocephalum kafiristanicum Bornm.
Dracocephalum komarovii Lipsky
Dracocephalum kotschyi Boiss.
Dracocephalum krylovii Lipsky
Dracocephalum lindbergii Rech.f.
Dracocephalum longipedicellatum Muschl.
Dracocephalum microflorum C.Y.Wu & W.T.Wang
Dracocephalum moldavica L. (type)
Dracocephalum multicaule Montbret & Aucher ex Benth.
Dracocephalum multicolor Kom.
Dracocephalum nodulosum Rupr.
Dracocephalum nuratavicum Adylov
Dracocephalum nuristanicum Rech.f. & Edelb.
Dracocephalum nutans L.
Dracocephalum oblongifolium Regel
Dracocephalum olchonense Peschkova
Dracocephalum origanoides Steph. ex Willd.
Dracocephalum palmatoides C.Y.Wu & W.T.Wang
Dracocephalum palmatum Steph. ex Willd.
Dracocephalum parviflorum Nutt.
Dracocephalum paulsenii Briq.
Dracocephalum peregrinum L.
Dracocephalum pinnatum L.
Dracocephalum polychaetum Bornm.
Dracocephalum popovii T.V.Egorova & Sipliv.
Dracocephalum propinquum W.W.Sm.
Dracocephalum psammophilum C.Y.Wu & W.T.Wang
Dracocephalum purdomii W.W.Sm.
Dracocephalum renati Emb.
Dracocephalum rigidulum Hand.-Mazz.
Dracocephalum rupestre Hance
Dracocephalum ruyschiana L.
Dracocephalum schischkinii Strizhova
Dracocephalum scrobiculatum Regel
Dracocephalum spinulosum Popov
Dracocephalum stamineum Kar. & Kir.
Dracocephalum stellerianum Hiltebr.
Dracocephalum subcapitatum (Kuntze) Lipsky
Dracocephalum surmandinum Rech.f.
Dracocephalum taliense Forrest ex W.W.Sm.
Dracocephalum tanguticum Maxim.
Dracocephalum thymiflorum L.
Dracocephalum truncatum Y.Z.Sun ex C.Y.Wu
Dracocephalum velutinum C.Y.Wu & W.T.Wang
Dracocephalum wallichii Sealy
Dracocephalum wendelboi Hedge

[4]
References

Sonboli, A., et al. (2011). Molecular characterization of Iranian Dracocephalum (Lamiaceae) species based on RAPD data. Acta Biologica Szegediensis 55(2), 227-30.
Lazarević, P., et al. (2009). On the distribution of Dracocephalum ruyschiana (Lamiaceae) in the Balkan Peninsula. Phytologia Balcanica 15(2), 175-79.
Dracocephalum. Flora of China.
"Dracocephalum L." The Plant List; Version 1. (published on the internet). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanical Garden. 2010. Retrieved November 16, 2012.

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